Medical Education Informatics

Dr. Ali M. Hadianfard
Faculty member of AJUMS
Further reading
Biomedical Informatics-Computer Applications in
Health Care and Biomedicine, Edward H. Shortliffe,
James J. Cimino, 3rd Ed., 2006 (chapter 21).
Information Technology for the Practicing Physician,
Joan M. Kiel, 2001 (chapter 6).
Computer in medical education
The application of computer technology to
education is often referred to as:
Computer Assisted Learning
Computer-based Education (CBE)
Computer-aided Instruction (CAI)
Advantages of Using Computers in Medical Education
Vast storage capacity
Providing quick access to reference
Multimedia capabilities such as images, atlas, sounds, video
clips, three-dimensional environment, and interactive
teaching modules
“Any time, any place, any pace” learning becomes practical.
Be individualized and interactive; the learner is able to
proceed at his or her own pace, independent of the larger
By placing the student in simulated clinical situations, or in a
simulated examination, a computer-based teaching program
can exercise the student’s knowledge and decision-making
capabilities in a nonthreatening environment.
Well-constructed computer-based learning can be enjoyable
and engaging, maintaining the interest of the student.
Computer-Based Learning Methods
• Drill and Practice: Teaching material is presented to the
student, and the student is evaluated immediately via
multiple-choice questions. The computer grades the
selected answers and, based on the accuracy of the
response, repeats the teaching material, or allows the
student to progress to new material.
• Didactic: The Lecture: A professor can choose to record
a lecture and to store, on the computer, the digitized video
of the lecture as well as the related slides or other
teaching material. This approach has the advantage that
relevant background or remedial material can also be
made available through links at specific points in the
• Discrimination Learning: Is the process that teaches the
student to differentiate between the different clinical
manifestations. A computer program, through a series of
examples of increasing complexity, can train the student
to detect the subtle differences.
Computer-Based Learning Methods - continue
• Exploration: Programs create an exploratory
environment in which students can experiment without
guidance or interference.
• Constrained: Students are free to query the program
and to specify actions using unconstrained natural
• Construction
• Simulation: Simulation programs may be either static
or dynamic. Under the static simulation model, each
case presents a patient who has a predefined problem
and set of characteristics. Dynamic simulation
programs simulate changes in patient state over time
and in response to students’ therapeutic decisions.
• Feedback and Guidance
• Intelligent Tutoring Systems
Why patient education?
o Medications
o Home treatments
o Precautions
o Referrals and follow-up
o Illustrations

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