Fundamentals of Forensic Assessment

Report
Fundamentals of Forensic
Assessment
David L. Shapiro, Ph. D.
Nova Southeastern University
Similarities: Clinical & Forensic
• Use of broad range of assessment techniques
to answer referral questions.
• Integration of data looking for consistencies
and inconsistencies.
• Preparation of comprehensive report to
address referral questions.
Differences: Clinical & Forensic
• Different Focus
– Clinical: diagnosis, prognosis, treatment
recommendations
– Forensic: legal issues in addition
• Informed Consent
– Forensic has some elements above and beyond
clinical
Differences (continued)
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Need to integrate clinical and legal issues
Concept of functional legal competencies
Clinical finding different from legal issues
Access to data: May be different
– Issues of confidentiality and privilege
Use of Traditional Psychological
Tests in Forensic Practice
• Objective Testing: Problems with test
validation
• Objective Testing: Problem with conceptual
issues
• Projective Testing: Issues regarding validity
and reliability
Use of Traditional Psychological
Tests in Forensic Practice (continued)
• Cognitive Testing: Cautions regarding “real
world data” – e.g. Miranda
• Trauma Testing: Increased Relevance for
Forensic Issues
• Tests for Malingering: Relevance and cautions
in forensic issues
Objective Testing
• Computerized printouts- integration with
other data
• Issues of normative data bases
• Ethical issues
• Limits of interpretation
• What tests to use?
• Malingering indices
Projective Testing
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Early uses of projectives
Limits of Interpretation
Constraints in forensic settings
Subjective/Objective Interpretation
External Verification (e.g. D.P. case)
Cognitive Testing
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Evaluation of scales
Limits of Interpretation
External Verification
Relevance to certain legal tests:
– Unique status
• Neuropsychological screening
Trauma Testing
• Distinction from Trauma Scales on Tests
• Need for external verification
• Cautions in interpretation
– TSI/TSI-2
– DAPS
Malingering
• Use of history and collateral data
• Cognitive and personality: need to keep tests
separate
– SIRS
– TOMM
– VIP
– SIMS
– MPS
Forensic Assessment Instruments
• Integration of legal issues into test
construction
• Formulated around legal constructs
• Use in conjunction with clinical tests
Grisso Instruments
• Miranda Rights
– CMR
– CMR-R
– CMV
– FRI
– Increasing complexity:
• Comparison of scores
• Need for external verification
Competency to Stand Trial
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Sentence Completion Tests (CST)
Structured Interview )CAI)
Interdisciplinary Fitness Interview (IFI)
MAC-CAT-CA
FIT
ILK (Malingering Test)
ECST-R
GCCT
Criminal Responsibility
• Structured Interviews
• Collateral Material
• R-CRAS- cautions
Assessment of Violent Behavior
• Early History
– “Three Generations”
– Role of Mental Illness
– The Macarthur Studies
– Conceptual Shifts
– Five Domains
Types of Violence Assessment
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Clinical
Anamnestic
Actuarial
Adjusted Actuarial
Structured Professional Judgment
Types of Violence Assessment
• Actuarial:
– VRAG
– DVRAG
• S.P.J:
– PCL-R
– HCR-20
Sex Offender Evaluation
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Sexually Violent Predator Laws
Actuarial, Adjusted Actuarial
Clinical, Anamnestic
S.P.J.
Sex Offender Assessments
Actuarial
• SORAG
• STATIC-99 (2002)
• MNSOST-R
S.P.J.
• SVR-20
• Use of PCL-R
Child Custody & Parental Fitness
• PASI
• Bricklin Perceptual scales
• ASPECT
Admissibility of Expert Testimony
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Frye v. U.S. (1923)
Federal Rules of Evidence (1975)
Daubert v. Merrell Dow (1993)
Kumho v. Carimichael (1999)
F.R.E. Amendments (2000)
Current Status
Tzkseminars
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Keith Hannan, Ph.D., consultant to juvenile facilities on “Conduct Disorder.” Dr.
Hannan also does a Friday afternoon webinar series on juvenile delinquency
David Shapiro, Ph.D., the father of clinical forensic psychology on the
“Fundamentals of Forensic Assessment.” Learn forensic assessment from the best.
David McDuff, M.D., consultant to the Baltimore Orioles and Ravens on “Sports
Psychiatry.” This webinar is appropriate for all mental health clinicians interested
in working with athletes.
Heather Hartman-Hall, Ph.D., internship training director and talented clinician on
“Making Sense of the Complexities of Trauma.”
Scott Hannan, Ph.D., seen on the show “Hoarders,” on “Cognitive Behavioral
Therapy for School Refusal.”
Michael Herkov, Ph.D., of the University of Florida, on “The Ten Most Common
Ethical Errors.”
New speakers coming soon!!!
To Get Your CEU Certificate
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Go to our website: tzkseminars.com
Log in using your email address and password
Complete the webinar evaluation
Download your certificate

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