Training Centre Offerings

Report
Pillar 1
Training Centre Offerings
Brussels, April 3. & 4., 2012
AFT-IFTIM
1
What training provision before implementation of
Directive 2003/59/EC?
•5-day
Compulsory initial
training for
drivers (distinct
curriculum
depending on
category of
drivers, national
or international)
Bulgaria
•Compulsory
initial training
for drivers in
public
transport
Hungary
•3-year
Apprenticeship
Luxemburg
•156 hours
compulsory
initial training
•Titres
professionnels
(735 hours,
1050 hours)
Germany
France
• According to the responses received, initial training for drivers
existed in a few Member States.
• These training, not compulsory to access the profession of driver,
are still taught to date and consist primarily of apprenticeships.
• Pre-existence of these training seem to have facilitated the
implementation of the Directive in some Member States which was
able to benefit of the human resources (trainers), equipment and
material (vehicles).
• A few examples:
•From 1998
to 2002, one
week
compulsory
training for
internationa
drivers
2
Professional driver in Europe, many ways to
access the profession
Initial Qualification
& periodic training
Dir. 2003/59/EC
Apprenticeship
Qualifications
Austria
France
All Members
States
Germany
Hungary
Denmark
Spain
Netherlands
Sweden
• Initial
qualification
• Compulsory
training + test
• Test only
• Periodic training
Sweden
UK
3
The implementation of Directive 2003/59/EC has
generally increased training provision.
• In member States such as France or the Netherlands
where the training provision was already well developed,
the implementation of the Directive had an impact only
on the training capacities that have increased.
• In member States where no vocational training tradition
existed, implementation of the Directive 2003/59/EC
requiring provision of training has created new training
activities, encouraged the emergence of new players in
drivers training and also attracted players already in
place like driving schools.
– Bulgaria: from 17 approved training centres in 2009 to 57 in
2010
– Malta : Establishment of drivers training
– UK : from 705 periodic training centres in 2009 to 979 in 2010
4
Training centres providing compulsory training
must be approved
• Section 5 of Annex 1 of the Directive 2003/59/EC lists requirements for
training centres approval: The training centres taking part in the initial
qualification and periodic training must be approved by the Member
States' competent authorities. ( …). The application must be
accompanied by documents including:
– a suitable qualification and training program specifying the subjects
taught and setting out the proposed implementing plan and
teaching methods;
– the instructors' qualifications and fields of activity;
– information about the premises (…), the teaching materials, the
resources made available for the practical work, and the vehicle
fleet used;
– the conditions regarding participation in the courses (number of
participants).
5
Requirements for in-company training approval
• Requirements are similar to those for training centres
• Example of the profile of an instructor certified by an approved
training center in France, the « moniteur d’entreprise »:
– Being an employee of a transport company and meet the
prerequisites of the specifications of the Ministry;
– Having completed the initial training of in-company trainers (25
days), conditions:
• Age: at least 25 years old;
• Being an employee of a road transport company;
• three years of experience as a driver in road transport activities in the
last 5 years
– Being a signatory to a cooperative agreement with an approved
training centre;
– devote at least 50% of her/his working time to training;
– Perform a regular and mandatory periodic training recycling (every
two years up from the last course attended).
6
In-house training
Not all Member States
allow in-house training
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Cyprus
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Hungary
Italy
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
United Kingdom
allowed
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


not allowed
Allowed
Not allowed
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






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


7
Requirements to become trainers for periodic
training
• Based on driving experience
 the Netherlands
Experience as professional driver or
qualification comparable to driving
instructor (WRM certificate);
 Austria
Experience as lecturers in the
apprenticeship “professional driver”
Driving school instructors for C and D
licenses;
Sufficient knowledge of regulations
Education or equal practical
experience.
 Sweden
two years experience in transport
sector, vocational teacher or proven
experience
•
Based on qualification levels
 Example of Lithuania:
- Higher education,
- three year work experience in
road transport or road safety, not
lower than C od D category driving
licence
- and a licence of completed
pedagogical – psychological
courses as described by relevant
legal acts.
8
The approval bodies
• The approval body is, in most cases,
under the tutelage of the transport
Ministry or the competent authority
in charge of implementation of the
Directive
•
In France, Hungary, Romania, Slovenia, the
Transport Ministry is in charge of training
centres’ approval
• In the UK, the Joint Approvals Unit
for Periodic Training (JAUPT) set up
by the Sector Skills Councils (Skills
for Logistics for freight transport and
GoSkills for passenger transport)
manages the approvals process for
Periodic Training centres and
courses.
Allemagne
Austriche
Belgique
Bulgarie
Chypre
Danemark
Espagne
IHK
Regional Authority (Landeshauptmann)
SPF (Ministry) Mobilité et Transports
Road Transport Administration
Ministry of Communications and Works
Danish transport Authority
Comunidades autonomas
Estonie
Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications &
Ministry of Education and Research
Finlande
Board of Education and Finnish Transport Safety
Agency
DREAL
National Transport Authority
Road Safety Authority
Ministry of Transport
Road Traffic Safety Directorate
Ministry of Science and Education
France
Hongrie
Irlande
Italie
Latvia
Lituanie
Luxembourg
Malte
Pays-Bas
Pologne
Portugal
République
Tchèque
Roumanie
Royaume Uni
Slovenie
Suède
Ministère du Développement durable et des
Infrastructures
Malta Transport Authority
CCV division of the CBR
Regional government
IMTT
Regional Authority
Ministry of Transport
Driving standards Agency
Ministry of Transport
Swedish Transport Agency
9
The geographical scope of the approval body
• Approval of drivers training
providers reflects the
administrative organization
of the Member State.
National
Regional
Other
FI
FI
FI
FI
FI
• Sometimes approval is
entrusted to the regional
authorities:
SE
SE
SE
SE
SE
EE
EE
EE
EE
EE
LV
LV
LV
LV
LV
LV
LT
LT
LT
LT
LT
DK
DK
DK
DK
DK
IE
IE
IE
IE
IE
– Austria,
PL
PL
PL
PL
PL
GB
GB
GB
GB
GB
NL
NL
NL
NL
NL
BE
BE
BE
BE
BE
DE
DE
DE
DE
DE
CZ
CZ
CZ
CZ
CZ
SK
SK
SK
SK
SK
SK
LU
LU
LU
LU
LU
LU
– Czech Republic,
HU
HU
HU
HU
HU
AT
AT
AT
AT
AT
RO
RO
RO
RO
RO
FR
FR
FR
FR
FR
SI
SI
SI
SI
SI
– France (DREAL),
– Germany,
– Poland
– Spain, …
BG
BG
BG
BG
BG
IT
IT
IT
IT
IT
PT
PT
PT
PT
PT
GR
GR
GR
GR
GR
ES
ES
ES
ES
ES
CY
CY
CY
CY
CY
CY
MT
MT
MT
MT
MT
Training program
• The training program must comply with the provisions of the
Directive that indicates a list of subjects:
– Advanced training in rational driving based on safety regulations
• characteristics of the transmission system
• technical characteristics and operation of the safety controls
• ability to load the vehicle with due regard for safety rules and proper vehicle
use
• ability to optimize fuel consumption
– Application of regulations
– Health, road and environmental safety, service, logistics:
• regulations governing the carriage of goods
• ability to assess emergency situations
• ability to prevent physical risks
11
Training programs – Periodic training
• Variety of the content of training programs:
– Flexibility, “à la carte”: Belgium, Netherlands, UK
• Each driver tailors his/her periodic training by choosing the courses among
the certified ones.
– Fixed training programs
– Obligatory modules in the training programs (Austria: 28h of obligatory
modules)
• Some training programs do not encompass driving courses
(Romania, Czech Republic and Poland) while it is compulsory in
some countries (France, Italy, Netherlands, Sweden);
• Use of e-learning.
• ADR courses certified as a periodic training module: the Netherlands.
• The risk of the modular system comes from its flexibility that could
lead drivers to undergo the same modules and not to go through all
subjects as indicated by the Directive.
12
Quality of training - Opinions
• Respondents to the questionnaire expressed a general satisfaction
regarding quality of training materials as well as trainers’ profiles
In France, initial training is required or 3-year experience as a driver
In the Netherlands, initial training is required to become trainer;
In the UK, success to initial qualification tests is required.
• A few respondents pointed out disatisfaction regarding periodic training
Austria: Training programmes, training materials and profile of
trainers
Czech Republic: Training materials and profile of trainers
Estonia, Poland: lack of practical training
13
Use of simulator
• The directive allows the use of a « top-of-the-range » simulator:
– In addition and not exclusive;
– Definition of « top-of-the-range» simulators?
• The use of simulators is implemented as part of periodic training (30
minutes) in Belgium, France and in the Netherlands for example.
• It is not allowed in Austria and Lithuania.
14
Control process
• Controls of training centres consist mainly in verifications of conformity to
specifications before approval, during delivery of training and prior to
renewal of approval :
– Control of documents,
– Observation of training sessions,
– Participants lists to be sent before training sessions.
• Follow-up of training performed, example of France: approved training
centre must provide to the « préfet » (regional authority):
– An annual pedagogical and financial assessment of compulsory
training carried out the year before: number of training sessions and
their funding, number of trainees, number of training validated, …
– On a quarterly basis, list of courses held the previous quarter and
those planned in the coming quarter with list of trainers and
examinaters,
15
Control process – Example of the Joint Approvals
Unit for Periodic Training in UK
• Every JAUPT Approved Training centre is subject to a Quality
Assurance Audit by the JAUPT. The audit visit consists of a detailed
inspection of the polices & procedures, along with observation of a
live training session:
– Inspection of centre documentation (records of training
delivered), qualifications of trainers, data Protection, Vehicle
Documentation, …
– Review of the general management of the centre (procedures
for identity checking of drivers, use of the central driver recording
database, use of course evaluations and quality assurance;
– Discussion with the Driver CPC Course Administrator to go
through the administration process for a specific course,
– Evaluation of the delivery of a course by attending a course for
at least 2 hours at the start or finish.
– General discussion with the trainer regarding procedures,
course delivery and staff training;
– General discussion with the drivers attending the course
regarding delivery, content and the trainer.
16
Control process
• Low number of training centres controls
One control per year in Belgium but one control per module per instructor
One control per year in France or Denmark
One control every two years in Poland
One control at least every three years in Romania
• Reality of control
But some respondents complained that controls are only formal and
might affect quality of training by creating distortion of competition among
training providers by promoting those with low tariffs (fares)
17
Tests and examination
Initial qualification (Directive 2003/59, Annex I section 2)
– Course attendance and test: written or oral test
– Test:
• theoretical test (4 hours minimum)
– multiple-choice questions, questions with direct answer or
combination of the 2;
– case studies
• and practical test
– Driving test (90 mn minimum)
– Practical (loading, etc) (30 mn minimum)
18
Tests and examination
• Periodic training: a test follows the courses in Estonia and Hungary
– In Hungary
• The test consists in multiple-choice questions and is
characterised by a success rate of 92% in 2009 and 90% in
2010.
• Retest is possible within one year from the payment of fees.
– In Estonia:
• the test covers the following topics: principles of the Labour
Law, Communication Psychology, Knowledge and handling
of vehicle, Infrastructure of transport, Logistics, Insurance,
Responsibility of the driver,
• Retest is possible within a period defined by the training
provider.
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