Chapter 8 Section 4 - East Lycoming School District

The Growth of Nationalism
Chapter 8 Section 4
• The growth of power
and influence of the
federal government
- People beginning to
think of themselves as
Americans rather than
identifying more with
Dartmouth College v. Woodward
• New Hampshire wanted
to change the colleges
charter from private
school to public
• Supreme Court said
charter was a contract
and could not be
• Long term effect was to
protect businesses from
McCulloch v. Maryland
• Supreme Court ruled
that Congress did have
the power to charter a
National Bank
– This gave the federal
government power that
goes beyond the
• States could not tax the
bank (this would give the
states [power over the
federal bank)
Gibbons V. Ogden
• The Supreme Court
declared that states
could not interfere with
constitutional right to
regulate businesses on
interstate waterways
• How do each of these court rulings support
• Dartmouth College v. Woodward
• McCulloch v. Maryland
• Gibbons v. Ogden
Dartmouth College v. Woodward
• Prevented state
interference in business
• Provided national
economic stability by
encouraging growth of
McCulloch v. Maryland
• Supported the principle
that the national
government is free to
exercise powers implied
by the Constitution with
which states cannot
Gibbons v. Ogden
• Established the federal
government’s right to
regulate interstate
Monroe Doctrine
• 1. U.S. would not
• 4. Any attempt by a
interfere in European
European nation to take
control of a nation in
the Western
• 2. U.S. would not
Hemisphere would be
interfere in colonies and
seen as hostile towards
states in Western
the U.S.
• 3. U.S. would not
permit any further
colonization in the
Western Hemisphere
Why did President Monroe believe it was
necessary to create the Monroe Doctrine?
• To create a policy to
ease tensions with
Great Britain and
formally address the
possibility that other
European nations might
resume their efforts to
colonize the Western
American System
• A combination of
government backed
economic development
and protective tariffs
aimed at encouraging
business growth
– Championed by Henry
What two new political parties emerged in
the 1820s, and how did their views differ?
• National
• Supported the
Jeffersonian spirit
of improvement
• Jacksonian
– Supported Andrew
Jackson’s ideas of limited
Why might someone have supported John
Quincy Adams in the 1824 election?
• Son of President John
• Been in politics since
• Former senator
• Served as a diplomat in
• Served as Secretary of
– Helped extend nation’s
border to Rocky Mountains
– Helped devise Monroe
Why might someone have supported
Henry Clay in the 1824 election?
• Gifted speech maker
• Desired to end slavery
• Served in House of
• Served as Senator
• Speaker of the House
Why might someone have supported
John C. Calhoun in the 1824 election?
• Served in House of
• President Monroe’s
Secretary of War
• Sponsored economic
measures that helped
unify the nation
• Helped create
– 2nd bank of the U.S., a
modernized navy, national
road system, protective
Why might someone have supported
Andrew Jackson in the 1824 election?
• Served in Congress in
the 1790s
• Brilliant general
• Gained fame for
brilliance in War of
1812 and attack on
Seminole Indians in
• Colorful Personality
What was the corrupt bargain and
who did it benefit?
• 1824- Jackson won the
most votes in the
electoral college, but not
the needed majority
• Adams came in second
• According to the
Constitution, the election
goes to the House of
Representatives in cases
like this
• Clay used his influence
to swing enough voted
to Adams to win
• Adams then made Clay
his Secretary of State

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