Alaska Department of Juvenile Justice - 101

Report
DIVISION OF
JUVENILE JUSTICE:
WHAT WE DO AND HOW WE’RE DOING.
March 10, 2014
Anchorage Youth Development Coalition
JPO Lee Post
Juvenile Probation Core Values
Alaska Division of Juvenile Justice
DJJ’s Mission
 Hold juvenile offenders
accountable for their behavior.
 Promote the safety and restoration
of victims and communities.
 Assist offenders and their families
in developing skills to prevent
crime.
Restorative Justice and DJJ’s Mission
The Balancing Act of Restorative Justice Priorities
Hold Juveniles
accountable for
their behavior.
Restorative
Justice
Assist offenders and
their families in
developing skills to
prevent crime.
Promote the safety
and restoration of
victims and
communities.
Restorative Justice
The questions behind balancing the different priorities:

What harm was done?

What can be done to repair the harm?

Who is responsible to repair the harm?
Restorative
Justice
The responsibility is shared by DJJ, the youth, the youth’s family,
the victim, and the community.
Juvenile Justice vs. the Adult System
Juvenile Justice does not use determinant sentencing or
assign fines based on a specific offense, unlike the adult
criminal system.
Consequences for juveniles are individually assigned based in
part on:






Age
The nature of the offense
Referral history
Response to prior DJJ intervention
Intake Interview (at the diversion level)
Demonstrated need for services
Least Restrictive Response
DJJ looks for the least restrictive response that meets
our mission and the goals of Restorative Justice.
o
o
o
o
o
o
Detention
Diversion Alternatives
Court Intervention
Treatment
Disposition Recommendations
Placement
Graduated Responses
An incremental response to the minor’s criminal
referrals and behavior, good or bad.
o
More restrictive consequences in response to new criminal
referrals and behavioral issues.
o
Incentives to assist a juvenile in meeting her or her goals.
Graduated Responses
Institutional Treatment
Residential Treatment
Formal Probation
Adjudication Held-in-Abeyance
2
Diversion Agreement
Adjust with Conference
1
3
4
5
6
Results-Based Accountability Goals
DJJ is focused on improving success in five areas:
1.
Improve the overall success of DJJ involved youth and decrease
overall recidivism
2.
Improve outcomes for Alaska Native youth
3.
Increase educational and employment success in DJJ youth
4.
Improve outcomes for DJJ youth with behavioral health issues
5.
Reduce the risk of substance abuse for DJJ youth
Division of Juvenile Justice
Core Services
Probation
Treatment
Detention
Three Components of DJJ
 Juvenile Probation – 16 Probation Offices receive police
referrals and supervises youth on probation (intake and
supervision)
 Youth Facilities – There are 8 Detention Facilities and 4
Treatment facilities throughout Alaska.
 State Office – Manages grants, provides training and
programming.
16 Probation DJJ Probation Offices
Kenai
Fairbanks
McLaughlin
Nome
Juneau
Palmer
Bethel
Ketchikan
Juvenile Probation
Anchorage
Juvenile Probation
Unit D
Probation Outreach
Intake
Investigation
Court
Services
Probation
Case
Management
Community
Outreach
Supervision
 Intake Investigation
• Screening
• Interview
• Referral for services
• Victim impact
• Diversion, Adjustment
• Formal Response
 Court Services
• Delinquency Petition
• Court Reports and Appearances
• Department of Law collaboration
• Victim Services
 Case Management
• Risk and Needs Assessment
• Treatment Planning
• Referral for services
• Placement
• Transitional services
 Supervision
• Assessments
• Juvenile Community Supervision
• Connect Juveniles to services
• Interstate compact
 Community Outreach
• School involvement
• Prevention services
• Community Presentations and Education
Most Progressed Disposition
FY13(n=3462 )
In Process
4%
Dismissed
19%
Petitioned
-
Adjudicated
17%
Petitioned
10%
Diverted*
51%
Referrals by Type
FY13 (n=3462)
Other*, 9%
Drug &
Alcohol,
13%
Against
Persons,
19%
PV/CV,
18%
Against
Property,
41%
Informal Adjustment
 Many youth, if not the majority of youth that are referred to
DJJ are not taken to court.
 DJJ attempts to resolve the issue with the youth, parent and
victim without involving the court.
 This can include paying for damages, writing letters of
apology, being referred to services, such as substance abuse,
counseling, community programs, etc.
 We are often looking for community programs where we can
refer youth.
Community Referrals
 Youth Court
 Community Detention
 Tribal Programs
 Step-Up (with ASD)
 Victim / Offender Mediation  Parenting with Love and
 Mental Health Services
 Substance Abuse Services
 Girls Circle
 Aggression Replacement
Training
 Vocational Training
 Community Work Service
Limits [PLL]
 Transition to Independence
Program [TIP]
 Alaska Military Youth
Academy
 Other community programs.
Detention and Treatment
Services
Probation
Treatment
Detention
DJJ Detention and Treatment Facilities
Provides confinement and rehabilitation of
juvenile offenders as determined by the court.
Detention Units: Designed for short-term secure units for
youth awaiting court hearings.
Treatment Units: Designed for youth who have been
ordered by the courts into long-term secure treatment due
to the serious and/or chronic nature of their offenses.
Detention
Operations
Crisis
Stabilization
Detention
Skill
Development
Detention
Services
Education
 Operations
 Crisis Stabilization
• Health Assessment & Services
• Mental Health and Suicide screenings
• Behavioral Health Intervention
• Safety & Security
 Detention Services
• Admissions
• Court
• Family Involvement
 Education
• Maintain educational progress
• Math & Reading Skills
 Skill Development
• Life Skills Development
• Social Skills Development
• Substance Abuse Education
• Victim Impact Classes
Treatment
Operations
Treatment
Services
Treatment
Transitional
Services
Education
Skill
Development
 Operations
 Treatment Services
• Assessment
• Cultural
• Clinical
• Crisis intervention
• Strengthening Families
• Case Management
• Visitation
 Education
• High School diploma
• GED
• Math & Reading Skills
 Skill Development
• Aggression Replacement Training
• Vocational training
• Cultural competency
• Substance Abuse Treatment
• Victim Impact Classes)
 Transitional Services
• Case Planning
• Community Supervision
• Reassessment
• Referral services
Demographics, Numbers and
Statistics for FY 2013
McLaughlin Youth Center
Boys Detention
Anchorage, AK
Probation Trends
Statewide Unduplicated Juvenile Count, Delinquency Referrals and Offenses
FY 2003 - FY 2013
12,000
11,708
10,000
8,000
7,466
6,000
5,655
5,143
4,000
3,462
2,000
2,462
0
FY03
FY04
FY05
FY06
Offenses
FY07
FY08
Referrals
FY09
FY10
Unique Juveniles
FY11
FY12
FY13
Statewide Detention Facility Admissions
FY 2003 - FY 2013
2,600
2,484
2,400
2,200
1,972
2,000
1,972
1,985
2,030
1,802
1,800
1,600
1,675
1,724
1,527
1,516
1,323
1,400
1,170
1,200
1,101
1,154
1,170
1,189
1,078
956
1,000
963
861
800
785
700
600
400
200
0
FY03
FY04
FY05
FY06
FY07
Admission Records
FY08
FY09
FY10
Unduplicated Juveniles**
FY11
FY12
FY13
Facility Average Daily Population
FY 2003 - FY 2013
180
160
140
161
139
120
TX
100
90
79
80
60
40
20
0
FY03
FY04
FY05
FY06
FY07
FY08
FY09
FY10
FY11
FY12
FY13
DET
155
160
140
120
149
149
145
139
134
129
121
121
126
125
130
116
107
112
100
106
92
86
96
80
79
83
66
60
40
Statewide Treatment Facility Admissions FY
2003 - FY 2013
20
0
FY03
FY04
FY05
FY06
FY07
Admission Records
FY08
FY09
FY10
Unduplicated Juveniles**
FY11
FY12
FY13
THANK YOU .
PLEASE CONTACT ME WITH ANY
QUESTIONS:
LEE POST
Anchorage Juvenile Probation Supervisor
(907) 261-4527
[email protected]

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