Naujan Lake National Park

Report
Naujan Lake National Park
A.
Historical Background
• Naujan Lake was named
after the municipality of
Naujan,
the
largest
municipality
in
the
province
of
Oriental
Mindoro
• The name Naujan was
derived from the local
legend of “Nauhaw si
Juan” (literally “Juan
was
thirsty”),
the
validity of which is
stilluncertain.
A.
Historical Background
Naujan Lake
• located in the northeastern part
of Mindoro islands
• fifth
largest
lake
in
the
Philippines with an area of 8,125
hectares
• volcanic in origin, rising 20
meters above sea level with a
maximum depth of 45 meters
• more
than
50%
of
the
watershed which used to have
lushed forest, is planted to citrus
fruits and only patches of
secondary forest are left.
• Plain areas within the watershed
is extensively used for cultivation
of paddy rice with irrigation
coming from the Lake.
The dense cover serves as habitat for resident and migratory birds.
The presence of different wildlife species enhances the value of the
lake for recreational use. Several duck species are supported by the
Lake. It supports 1% of the tufted duck (Aythya fuligula) population.
Historical Background of Naujan Lake
•
•
•
It was established as a National Park on March 27, 1956 through Proclamation No.
282 covering a total area of 21,655 hectares (under Pres. Magsaysay)
On September 2, 1961 the total area of the park was reduced to 1,966 hectares
through Proclamation No. 793 (under Pres. Carlos Garcia). Only the marshy area
was retained as the National Park under Proclamation No. 793. The whole body of
water and other areas bordering the lake had been excluded from the operation of
NLNP
But on January 25, 1968 under Pres. Marcos, the original area of 21,655 hectares
was restored under Proclamation No. 335 because of the importance and the
salient features of the area
•
Map of the Naujan Lake National Park boundary •
declared by Presidential Proclamation No. 282.
Map of the Naujan Lake National Park boundary
declared by Presidential Proclamation No. 793.
Historical
Background
of Naujan
Lake
PAMB
Chairman
Protected Area
Superintendent
(PASU)
• 1st Protected Area
Management Board
meeting was conducted on
June 15,, 1994
Executive
Committee
Environment
Management
Committee
Biota and
Ecosystems
Management
Program
Land and
Water
Land
Use
and
Management
Water Use
Program
Management
Program
Protection and
Law
Enforcement
Program
Economic
Development
Committee
Socioeconomic
Welfare
Development
Program
Land
Tenure
Land
Program
Tenure
Program
Recreation
Recreationand
Ecotourism
and
Ecotourism
Program
Program
Information
Resources
Development
Committee
Policy and
Institutions
Committee
Stakeholders/
Community
Awareness
Program
Regional and
National
Integration
Program
Policy and
Institutional
Policy and
Program
Institutional
Program
Database
Development
Database
Program
Development
Program
Naujan Lake
National Park
Protected Area
Management
Board (PAMB)
Organizational
Structure.
B.
Biogeographic Setting
Philippine biogeographic
zones.
A. Batanes
B. Northern/Southern Luzon
C. Cordillera
D. Sierra Madre
E. Ambles
F. Mindoro
G. Calamian
H. Eastern Vises
I Western Visayas
J. Cuba
K. Pal wan
L. Mindanao
M. Zambian
N. Iguanas
O. Sulu Turtle Island
C. Regional and Local
Setting
Naujan Lake National Park (NLNP)
in the northeastern coast of the
island of Mindoro lies within the
province of Oriental Mindoro.
This
eastern
province
of
Mindoro is part of the Southern
Tagalog Region and covers a
total land area of 4,364.73
square kilometers representing
about 9.30% of the region's land
area. It is bounded on the north
by the Verde Island Passage, by
Maestro de Campo Island and
Tablas Strait on the east and
Semirara Island on the south;
and by Occidental Mindoro on
the west.
Map of Oriental
Mindoro
C. Regional and Local Setting
The Park is bordered by the municipalities of
1. Naujan in the north;
2. Victoria in the west;
3. Socorro in the south; and
4. Pola in the east
There are twenty-four communities or barangays within the park, divided into
four municipalities. Five of these barangays are located in the municipality of
Naujan, nine in Victoria, eight in Socorro and two in Pola. The local people
use it as a communal fishing ground
C. Regional and Local Setting
Its watershed is drained by the
•Macatoc, Borbocolon, Malayas,
Malabo, Maambog, Malbog and
Cusay Creek in the East,
•Bambang, Tigbao, and Tagbakin
Creek in the West;
•Subaan and Singulan River in the
South.
The water of the lake exits via its lone
outlet, the Butas River.The Naujan Lake
watershed is about 30,000 hectares.
Communities/Barangays within
Naujan Lake National Park (NLNP)
D.
Geology and Topography
• The geology of Naujan Lake watershed is associated with
Pliocene to Quaternary volcanic (QV), Pliocene to
Pleistocene marine and terrestrial sediments (N3 + Q1) and
Recent Sediments (RS).
• The hill on the northeastern section of the watershed that is
within the territory of Naujan and Pola is believed to have
been built by Pliocene to Quaternary volcanic that consisted
of non-active volcanic cone of generally pyroxene andesite
including dacitic and/or andesitic plugs.
• The hills and the mountainous uplands in the southwest
were the result of the uplift of the marine terrestrial
sediments of limestone, pyroclastics, sandstone, siltstone,
shale, and conglomerate during Pliocene and Pleistocene.
• Most of the low-lying and level floodplain areas in the
northwest and southeast of the watershed were the subject
of continuous deposition of recent sediments consisting
mostly of alluvium, fluviatile, lacustrine, paludal and beach
deposits that have accumulated in various quantities.
D.1 Climate
• The province of Oriental Mindoro has a
Type IV Climate, i.e., no pronounced
maximum rain period with a short dry
season lasting from two to three months.
Having been blessed with year round
water supply, the province is ideal for
agriculture.
E.
•
Park Boundaries
In 1995, after conducting a series of
studies and public consultations, the
DENR Region IV through its Protected
Area Suitability Assessment (PASA)
Report recommended that the NLNP
be categorized as a “protected
landscape/seascape.”
• Protected
landscape/seascape
is
defined under NIPAS as “areas of
national significance, which are
characterized by the harmonious
interaction of man and land while
providing opportunities for public
enjoyment through recreation and
tourism within the normal lifestyle and
economic activity of these areas.”
F.
Flora and Fauna, Habitats, and
Ecosystems
F.1
Vegetation/Flora of
Terrestrial Environment
• The NLNP watershed originally
belonged to three major
vegetation types: (1) lowland
dipterocarp forest, (2) mixed
mangrove
swamp-beach
forest; and (3) marshland type,
which ran in a north-south
direction and occupied the
western coastline of Naujan
Lake.
F.
Flora and Fauna, Habitats, and
Ecosystems
 Parang type of vegetation (i.e.,
grassland - brushland type)
prevalent in the vicinity of Butas
River, from Barangay Bayani and
passing
through
Barangays
Laguna, Dao, and Sta. Isabel, all
within the municipality of Naujan;
 Remnants
of
old-growth
lowland dipterocarp forests
which are sporadically present
on steep hill slopes, ridgetops
in the SW sector of the
watershed zone as well as in
ravines and precipices along
the banks of Subaan River;
 Mixed
mangrove
swamp-beach
forest
type present in the
delta of Butas River in
the
boundary
of
Barangays Melgar A
and San Jose I,
Naujan;
 Marshland
type
of
vegetation
flanking
the
western coastline of Naujan
Lake from its northern limit
in the vicinity of Butas
River’s mouth in Barangay
Bayani, Naujan up to its
southern limit in the vicinity
of
Barangay
Pasi
I,
Socorro; and

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