Divergent thinking represents the potential for creative thinking and problem solving. It is not synonymous with actual creative behavior but has proven to be a good estimate of it. It is also useful as a construct or empirical research on creativity and in various applied settings. - Encyclopedia of Creativity - Solves Open-ended problems Overcomes Mental fixation Fosters Critical thinking Promotes Flexibility & Originality Brainstorming SCAMPER Six Thinking Hats Brainstorming is a group creativity technique by which a group tries to find a solution for a specific problem by gathering a list of ideas spontaneously generated by its members. Brainstorming was developed and coined by Alex Faickney Osborn in 1953 in the book Applied Imagination. Rules of Brainstorming 1 Postpone and withhold your judgment of ideas. 2 Encourage wild and exaggerated ideas. 3 Quantity counts at this stage, not quality. 4 Build on the ideas put forward by others. 5 Every person and every idea has equal worth. Infinite Innovations Ltd. SCAMPER : a technique people can use to spark their creativity and help them overcome any challenge they may be facing. Combine Substitute Rearrange/ Reverse Adapt SCAMPER Eliminate Modify/ Minify Put to other use Six Thinking Hats : is a simple, effective parallel thinking process that helps people be more productive, focused, and mindfully involved. And once learned, the tools can be applied immediately! Videos featuring Six Hats Presentation http://www.debonogroup.com/video_4.php Videos featuring Edward de Bono Creative Thinking http://www.debonogroup.com/video_2.php Thinking about thinking Information Feelings 6 thinking hats Creativity - Edward De Bono Benefits Judgement Question: Do you think “math” class always involves convergent thinking? No! Math can also apply other domains. How can we apply Divergent Thinking if the math unit is “Data analysis and Probability” ? After learning basic concepts of this unit, “Do the activities which can foster students’ creativity through divergent thinking.” Suggested Activity 1 : Let students search any data and graph used in our society. Students can find them in newspapers, magazines, and internet news. Through this activity, students will learn how math subject applies to other fields. “Apply the knowledge in science!” Suggested Activity 2 : Let students have a scientific experiment, for example, physical and chemical changes in a science lab. Then students will make a data table and a graph based on the result. Through this activity, students can learn how they can record the data and make graphs. “My Data Project” Suggested Activity 3 : Let students design their own data project. Through this activity, students will learn how they can collect data and make different kinds of graphs. This activity, in particular, fosters students’ creativity. •Bell, B. (2007). Finding Meaning (3rd ed.). Portland, Oregon: Blue Fox Communications. •Holliday, K. (1998). Modeling divergent thinking through picture books. Roeper Review . •John, B. (1993). Creativity and Divergent Thinking: A Task-Specific Approach. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. •Meyerhoff, M. (2008). Convergent versus divergent thinking. (Perspectives on Parenting)(Report). Pediatrics for Parents. •Runco, M. A. (1993). Divergent Thinking, Creativity, and Giftedness. Gifted Child Quarterly. •Runco, M. A. (2001). Flexibility and originality in children’s divergent thinking. The Journal of Psychology. •Starko, A. (2005). Creativity in the classroom- Schools of Curious Delight-. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.