Hwan Seung Kim,
Unit, Religion (Chapter 7)
(20 slides +2 extra)
How is Religion Marked in the
Cultural Landscape?
 Religion
marks cultural landscapes
through houses of worship, such as
Churches, Mosques, and Temples.
 Also, it can mark our landscapes through
services and goods it can provide, like
pilgrimage and cemetery services.
 Interestingly, Religion can be both a
spiritual and recreational mark on our
Cultural Landscape.
Any Examples of This Religious
Cultural Landscape You Speak of?
A Church, Mosque, and Hindu Temple, make up a central part of
the cultural landscape of each region, respectively.
What are Sacred Sites,
 Sacred
Sites are places, revered in a
religion/s for the meaning it holds to the
adherents of a faith/s.
 People make Pilgrimages for many and
varied purposes, ranging from
rejuvenation, healing, and fulfillment.
 Interestingly, Just as Sacred Sites may be
built out of faith, it can also be built out of
fear as well.
 Also, a Sacred Site do not have to
accommodate just one religion.
Cool, But I Need An Example!
Can You Show Me?
 Jerusalem
is a
Sacred Site to Jews,
Christians, and
Muslims for its
places and
meaning that hold
religious meaning
to all three religious
So, Jerusalem You Say… Is the
City Really That Important?
 Jerusalem
is considered SACRED to Jews,
Christians and Muslims. Military conflicts,
religious origins, spiritual meanings, and a
ever-growing culture happens here every
 It is the one and only place where in
accordance to Religious faith, Jesus was
crucified and buried, Abraham almost
sacrificed his son, and The Dome of the
Rock is Located.
How does this Jerusalem Look
Wait, Three Religions? Can You
Explain Judaism First?
Jews consider Jerusalem sacred, for
according to Religious faith, it is the city
where Abraham almost sacrificed his
son, Isaac.
Two temples were constructed at
Temple Mount, the place where
Abraham almost sacrificed his son, but
have been demolished by invaders.
The Wailing Wall, the only part left of
the Second Temple, represents
Abraham’s struggle, and the hardships
that Jews have faced.
Okay, Now Can You Divulge
into Christianity?
Christians revere Jerusalem as
Sacred, for it is the city where
according to religious faith,
Jesus was crucified, rose from
the dead, and was his
The Church of the Holy
Sepulchre is built on the place
where Jesus is claimed to be
One More to go! Now, Finally,
Can You Clarify Islam?
In the Seventh Century, Muslims took power over
Jerusalem, and built the DOME OF THE ROCK here.
Since then, the Muslims consider this place one of the
holiest sites of the Islam Faith, for according to religious
faith, it is the place where Muhammad ascended into
So, What About Buddhism and
Hinduism then?
 Both
Buddhism, and Hinduism have
spread from their religious origins, and
have both created many religious places
that affected the cultural landscapes.
 Interestingly, both Buddhists and Hindus
tend to cremate their dead, construct
many temples, and create wondrous
architectural wonders.
Buddhism, Can You Explain
Buddhism’s architectural
achievements are amazing.
Buddhism have created
giant statues of Buddha to
towering Pagodas to
practice their Faith.
Pagodas in particular are
located not just in India, but
in China, Japan, and Korea
as well, and its own look
symbolizes the Buddhist
Let’s Not Forget Hinduism,
What is it My Friend?
The Hindu Landscape is
dotted with many
temples, with a belief that
the creator of the
temples will receive favor.
Water has a sacred
meaning to the Hindu
people. The people
frequently engage in
ritual bathing. It is for this
reason that many reasons
are built near water
Is There Other Cultural
Landscapes in Christianity?
 The
landscapes of Christianity have
evolved, with secularism, and new beliefs,
from Europe to the United States.
 From Protestants to Catholics to
Orthodoxians, Christianity has left its mark
in the lands of Europe, and the United
What About Europe and
In Europe, the cathedral,
church, or monasteries, was the
center of life, and as a result,
buildings clustered around it.
Almost everything happened in
the shadows of religious
authority, from harvest festivals,
and military victories. The
Europeans have spread this
culture and architecture to
wherever they settled.
In addition, Secularism has
evolved the church as well. Now
churches serve as both an
spiritual and an recreational site,
doubling as museums and travel
The United States, How is Religion
Affecting its Landscapes?
The United States bears a Christian
majority, and considerable diversity
among its religious cultural landscapes.
The New England Catholic, the South
Baptist, Upper Midwest Lutherans,
Southwest Spanish Catholic, and the
broad midland region are consisting of
multiple Christian faiths.
Many of the ideas from each faith clash
with one another, like the plain white
churches of the South and Lutheran
Upper Midwest coincide with the
Protestant Churches’ practical spending.
Quick Question, Don’t
Immigrants Make Churches?
Many Churches, Like
Those of Catholicism are
built from Immigrants in
the United States.
Immigrants spend their
money to construct
churches, and by doing
so, they add touches
that are part of their
home country.
Most Immigrant made
Churches are in the
Magnet-Immigrant cities.
So, What About Islam and their
 Mosques
make up the centerpiece of
many Islamic cities, ornately built, made
by everyone in their community, as a
place for reverence, and each other.
 Also, every Muslim is required of their faith
to make a pilgrimage or a Haji to Mecca,
so in return, there are many travel
agencies, government legislation, and
apartments near the trail one takes.
So, How Does this “Mosque”
Look Like?
What is So Important about
To Muslims, Mosques
symbolizes the Vastness and
Perfectness of Allah, and
therefore their mosques are
constantly improved upon
and ornately built.
However, it is sacrilegious to
draw a portrayal of Allah or
Muhammad. Therefore a
Mosque is portrayed with
intricate designs and
I Need More Detail on That
Haji, Explain more in detail!
Islam faith decrees a
pilgrimage to Mecca, or a
“Haji”, one of the five
pillars (main creeds) of
However, it is not a go
whenever you want thing.
There are specific paths
and times that one is
allowed to go once every
year. Therefore it happens
en masse, requiring
governmental control.
So In Conclusion Religion Affects
Our Cultural Landscapes By?
 By
affecting our housing styles, ways of
beliefs, land control, tensions, building
styles, locations, places, and almost every
other geographic function that one can
think of. (Except for space. Because that’s
So, Religion is Much More Than
Just its Faith, Right?
 Yes,
yes it is.
What About Non-Religion
 Just
because a person does not believe in
a system of faith does not mean that one
is not religious. For not believing in
something also requires belief, and faith
as well. Churches of Atheism exist, and do
affect our landscape.
 So in a way, non-religion is redundant, for
everyone believes in a system of beliefs.
About 2 million to 4 million make the Haji Each
Christianity comprises of 33% of the World’s
population, and 75% of the US/Canada
Hinduism is said to be the oldest religion in
accordance to historical analysis, originating
4000 years ago.
About 12% of the World Do not believe in

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