Accommodations - New Mexico State Department of Education

Report
Fall 2014 Test
Coordinator
Training
Assessment
Preparation and
Accommodations
1
Technology Readiness
• Devices
• Specs
• Number (schedule)
• Bandwidth
Student Readiness
Prepare:
District Administration Team
Technology Department
Principals
Teachers
Students
Technology in Instruction
• Practice test questions
• Open ended Questions/Responses
• Typing open-ended responses
• Practice in computer lab
Keyboarding Skills
• Practice!
• Practice!!
• Practice!!!
• Also use PARCC Practice Tests using Accessibility
features
Case Study: Cobre
Grade 3 SBA—CBT Results
Teacher A: Students practiced item types
and computer skills.
Teacher B: Students did NOT practice item
types or computer skills.
Case Study: Cobre
Grade 3 SBA—CBT Results
Case Study: Cobre
Grade 3 SBA—CBT Results
Case Study: Cobre
Grade 3 SBA—CBT Results
What Teachers Can Do to Support
Students?
• Familiarize themselves with the accessibility
features in the new PARCC assessments that
are available to all students.
• Provide opportunities for students to use
these various features as part of regular
classroom instruction and assessment.
• Increase the rigor and depth of knowledge in
your everyday assignments.
Elements of a Rigorous Classroom
• Standards-based
instruction
• Bloom’s
Taxonomy
• Webb’s Depth of
Knowledge
• Relevant
Instruction
Bloom’s Taxonomy
• Refers to the
questioning
stems teachers
use to guide
students through
learning
• Emphasis on the
verb
Depth of Knowledge
• Focuses on
complexity of
content
• Emphasis and focus
on the
outcome/product
• It is a scale of
cognitive demand
Next Steps
• All teachers need to take
the PARCC practice test.
• Provide all students with
the opportunity to
practice PARCC like
questions in every
classroom every day.
• Increase the rigor and
DOK of the lessons that
teachers are
implementing.
PARCC Accessibility Features
and Accommodations
All of the information provided in this presentation can be found
in the PARCC Accessibility Features and Accommodations Manual
on the PARCConline.org website.
Credit: Cristine Conlin
What’s Included in the Manual
• Selection, administration, and evaluation of
accommodations for the assessment of students
with disabilities, English learners, and English
learners with disabilities on PARCC.
• Information on the accommodations which will
result in a valid score for a student.
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Where to Find the Manual and
Resources
www.parcconline.org
PARCC Comprehensive Accessibility
Policies
Features for All
Students
Accessibility
Features*
Identified in advance
•Available to all
participating students
Accommodations
**
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**For students with
disabilities, English learners,
and English learners with
disabilities
Accommodations
Students must have used accessibility features
and accommodations in daily instruction prior
to use on standardized assessments.
•
• Maintain records of testing accommodations
administered.
•Train TAs and Proctors on administration of
accommodations.
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PARCC Field Test Accessibility Features and
Accommodations Overview Document
Available on PARCC website.
Accessibility Features for All Students
• Embedded in platform or provided by TA. Provided onscreen, stored
in a toolbar, or are accessible through a menu or control panel, as
needed.
• Tool, support, scaffold, or preference that is built into the assessment
system that can be used by any student, at his or her own discretion.
• Universal Design features expected to benefit a diverse array of
students and are available to all students.
• During the assessment, students can choose which accessibility
features they need for specific items. Examples include: audio
amplification, highlighting, pop-up glossary, etc.
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Accessibility Features for All Students
Accessibility Features for All Students
Audio Amplification
Blank Paper (provided by test administrator)
Eliminate Answer Choices
Flag Items for Review
General Administration Directions Clarified (by test administrator)
General Administration Directions Read Aloud and Repeated (by test administrator)
Highlight Tool
Headphones
Magnification/Enlargement Device
NotePad
Pop-Up Glossary
Redirect Student to Test (by test administrator)
Spell Checker
Writing Tools
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Accessibility Features Identified in
Advance
• Available to all students (i.e., not limited to students with
IEPs, 504 plans, or English learners), but will be selected and
“turned on” by school-based educators prior to the
assessment, based on each student’s Personal Needs Profile
(PNP).
• Based on each student’s individual needs, a PNP is created for
the student to ensure that he or she receives appropriate
access without the distraction of other tools and features that
are not required by the student.
• The student will decide whether or not to use the feature.
26
Accessibility Features Identified in
Advance
Accessibility Features Identified in Advance
Answer Masking
Background/Font Color (Color Contrast)
General Masking
Line Reader Tool
Text-to-Speech for the Mathematics Assessments
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Student Exposure and Practice
Opportunities
PARCC Website
provides practice
tests with tutorials
that teachers can
use in the
classroom to
provide student
exposure to test
items and
accessibility
features
throughout the
school year.
Student Exposure and Practice
Opportunities
www.parcconline.org >
The PARCC Assessment
> Practice Tests
Accessibility Features Identified in
Advance
Recent research suggests that providing too many
tools onscreen may lead to ineffective use of the tools
provided and/or an impact on a student’s test
performance.
Higgins, J., Fedorchak, G., & Katz, M. (2012). Assignment of Accessibility Tools for Digitally
Delivered Assessments: Key Findings. White Paper for Enhanced Assessment Grant #
S368A100008.
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A Note About Text-to-Speech for Mathematics
Assessments Accessibility Feature
• Available to ALL students
• Should be a small percentage of students
• Should be part of daily instruction, not done for the
first time during testing.
• Text-to-speech on the computer based platform with
the use of headphones is the best option.
• PARCC provides Appendix J: Audio and Human Reader
Guidelines for Mathematics.
Administrative Considerations for All
Students
• Detailed guidelines on PARCC assessment administration will
be included in the PARCC Test Administration Manual.
• Principals may determine that any student may require one or
more of the following test administration considerations,
regardless of the student’s status as a student with a disability
or who is an English learner:
–
–
–
–
–
–
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Small group testing
Frequent breaks
Time of day
Separate or alternate location
Specified area or seating
Adaptive and specialized equipment or furniture
Accommodations for Students
with Disabilities
Accommodations for SWD
Content Area
ELA/Literacy
Presentation Accommodations
Text-to-Speech or Video of a Human Interpreter for the ELA/Literacy
Assessments, including items, response options, and passages*
Braille Edition of ELA/Literacy Assessments
(Hard-copy braille tests and refreshable braille displays for ELA/Literacy)
Mathematics
Closed-Captioning of Multimedia Passages on the ELA/Literacy
Assessments
Descriptive Video
Video of a Human Interpreter for the Mathematics Assessments for a
Student Who is Deaf or Hard of Hearing
Braille Edition of Mathematics Assessments
(Hard-copy braille tests for Mathematics)
Both Content
Areas
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Additional Assistive Technology
Tactile Graphics
Video of a Human Interpreter for Test Directions for a Student Who is
Deaf or Hard of Hearing
Presentation Accommodations Guidance
Text-to Speech for ELA Items:
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Presentation Accommodations Guidance
Text to Speech for ELA items:
• ELA items cannot be separated into reading versus language,
the accommodation impacts the entire ELA section.
• PARCC indicates this should be available to only 1-1.5% of
students and this accommodation will be reported and
monitored.
• This accommodation should be implemented throughout the
school year, not just on the assessment.
• PARCC provides two documents for the human reader option
for this accommodation: an extensive manual Appendix I:
PARCC ELA Audio Guidelines, and an administration protocol in
Appendix B.
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Presentation Accommodations Guidance
Text to Speech for ELA items:
• Guiding Document
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Response Accommodations
Content Area
ELA/Literacy
Mathematics
Both Content
Areas
Response Accommodations
Scribing or Speech-to-Text (i.e., Dictation/Transcription or Signing)
for constructed responses on the English Language Arts/Literacy
Assessments*
Word prediction on the ELA/Literacy Performance-Based
Assessment*
Calculation Device and Mathematics Tools*
(on Non-calculator Sessions of Mathematics Assessments)
Additional Assistive Technology
(Guidelines available fall 2013)
Braille note-taker
Scribing or Speech-to-Text (i.e., Dictation/Transcription or Signing)
for the Mathematics assessments, and for selected response items
on the English Language Arts/Literacy assessments
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* See notes below
Response Accommodations Guidance
• Speech to text or scribing guidelines and protocol in
Appendix C: Protocol for the Use of the Scribe
• May not be needed as much if technology is used in
the classroom.
• The use of an outside assistive technology device is
also addressed in Appendix C
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* See notes below
Response Accommodations Guidance
Some guidance on deciding the use of a calculator in the manual-page 30-31.
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* See notes below
Other Proposed Accommodations for
Students with Disabilities
Category
Accommodation
Timing & Scheduling Extended Time
Setting
Many settings that were once considered accommodations
are now consider accessibility features for all students and
will be included in the test administrator manual. These
include – separate location, small group testing, specified
area or seating, time of day, and frequent breaks.
Appendix E: Guidance for Selecting and
Administering the Extended Time Accommodation.
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Unique/Emergency Accommodations
• A small number of students may require additional
accommodations either because they are not listed in the
PARCC manual, or they do not have an IEP or 504 plan but
require an accommodation as a result of a recently-occurring
accident or illness.
• Allowed if permitted by PED.
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Accommodations
43
Accommodations
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PARCC Accommodations Manual:
http://parcconline.org/sites/parcc/files/PARCCAccessibilityFeaturesan
dAccommodationsManualNovember2013.pdf
PARCC Accommodations Manual:
PARCC Accommodations Overview:
http://parcconline.org/sites/parcc/files/Overview%20%20Accessibility%20Features%20and%20Accommodations%20for%20
Field%20Test%20March%202014.pdf
PARCC Accommodations and Accessibility Features Documentation
Form:
http://www.parcconline.org/sites/parcc/files/PARCC%20Field%20Test
%20Accessibility%20Features%20and%20Accommodation%20Docume
ntation%20Form%20%28Optional%29.pdf
Questions about
Preparation or
Accommodations?
c
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