Optimizing On-Board Training System in the 21st Century

Global On-Board-Training Center
International Forum on Seafarers’
April 24-25, 2013
Odessa, Ukraine
On-Board Training Issue:
Optimizing On-Board Training System
in the 21st Century
Dr. Hisashi Yamamoto, Secretary General, GOBTC
Where We Are
1. Divide between Analogue/Digital Generations
- “Generation Y” followed by
* “Generation Digital”
* “Generation Tablet”
2. Shortages:
a) Teachers (both Analogue/Digital and on
shore and at sea)
b) Forward looking Innovative Initiatives
Future Perspective (Around 2023)
D=Digital, A=Analogue
1. Administrations (incl. CoC exam):
(e.g. Electronic data base by Jan. 2017)
2. Ship:
3. Industry:
4. MET Institutions (On Shore):
5. Students:
6. Instructors:
7. Seafarers:
Mixture (A > D)
Outlook - Methodology
• Still picture analysis:
• Motion picture analysis (Process analysis): G
Outlook – General Environment/Trend
1. Technologies overall:
2. Maritime overall: “4S” Integration based on C/D
(Conceptual images: Next 2 pages)
3. Maritime Examples:
a) Smart Fleet Management
b) Official recognition of STCW CoC
e-Learning based courses by
CMA(UK) and MPA(Singapore)
4S Integration
Sea Transportation
Shore management
Satellite (Space)
4S Integration
Smart Fleet Management
Long Range Identification and Tracking of Ships (LRIT)
Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI)
Energy Efficiency Operational Indicator (EEOI)
Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP)
The New Paradigm of Shipping Now
Smart Fleet Management Age has Come
“NYK, the biggest Japanese shipping company,
announced their successful application of the system to
their container fleet. NYK has decided to expand the
system application to their LNG carrier, tanker, and pure
car carrier fleet. NYK plans to expand the application to
all of their owned fleet of more than 200 vessels by
(Nekkei <Japan Economic Journal> Newspaper, 15th August, 2012)
【Diagram】The Roadmap to The New Paradigm : Integrated System
CO2 Minimization
SEEMP Package Measures
Vessel Performance
Monitoring System
(2010 ~ )
•PDCA in ship performance
•Standardization of monitoring devices
•Cooperation with EEOI validating body
Traditional Weather
Routing for Safety
(2013 ~ )
The Best Balanced System:
Environment, Safety, Economy
Optimum Fleet Management
•Minimum emission of GHG with SEEMP
•Maximization of Voyage Net Proceed
•Safety Management at rough seas
(2014 ~ 15)
Optimum Weather Routing
(safety + punctuality + economy)
(2010 ~ )
Real Time Weather Routing & Monitoring
•Real time communication
•Regular measurement of waves & vessel
•Application of sea-keeping simulation
(2012 ~ )
Weather Routing
Trial Onboard
Cooperation with
Weather Routing
(2010 ~ )
Trim analysis
Accuracy Improvement of various
measuring devices & Modeling
•Accurate torque & thrust measurement
•Accurate log speed measurement
•Accurate fuel consumption measurement
•Accurate wind, wave & currents measurement
•Ship performance model (2012 ~)
Wave Sensor
Performance Monitoring
Fuel Consumption
Monitoring Device
Smart Ship
•Minimum emission of GHG
•Minimum energy consumption
•Response to environmental regulations
•Automatic performance model identification
(2014 ~)
(2010 ~ )
Fleet monitoring
(Container ships, 2009~)
Performance monitoring
(SIMS: Ship Information
Management System)
(2008 ~ )
Technical Performance Analysis
•Ship appendages
•Maine engine governor
•New design propellers
(2008~ )
Electronic ablog
Expansion to: PCC, Bulker,
Tanker, LNG carrier
Feed back to the
shipbuilder & new design
Performance Validation of Low Emission Machineries
•Hybrid Turbo Charger
•Battery (Giga cell)
•Exhaust gas collection system
(2011 ~ )
Outlook – Education:
For “Generation C” (Cyber & Change)
“Turkey launches ambitious FATİH project in public
education” (2012)“ – The aim enabling equal opportunities in
education and improving technology in our schools for the efficient
usage of ICT tools in the learning-teaching processes by appealing to
more sense organs in all 620.000 schools that are in the preschool
education, the primary education and the secondary education
through providing tablets and LCD Smart Boards.
Outlook – Education:
Toward “Generation C” (Cyber & Change)
Istanbul Technical University today:
“Changing the
DNA of its higher education
to prepare the leading
native digital engineers of the future”
- Prof. Dr. Muhammed Sahin, ex-Rector till August, 2012
Digital Maritime Reality
1. Mr. Sekimizu, SG of IMO for this Forum:
“The modern ship’s officer needs to be far more than a
navigator or an engineer, and the modern ship’s crewman
needs to be far more than a manual labourer. A modern
ship is a highly technical workplace operating on the tight
margins of commercial viability – which means that, as
well as a highly-advanced technical skillset, shipboard
staff now also need to be fully conversant with
management and communication skills, I.T. knowledge,
budget handling and so on.” (Underlined by this presenter)
Digital Maritime Reality (cont’d)
2. Mr. Andrew Guest:
BIMCO Feature: “Generation Y: Making Waves”
At a recent Nautical Institute (NI) seminar (“Generation Y – Professional
Navigators”), the NI Chief Executive said, “It is absolutely vital that those of us
with more extensive maritime experience make a genuine effort to engage with
today’s younger generation of seafarers. There is much we can learn from one
another, particularly in the area of technology and navigation.”
But, he added, the onus was on the older generation to create a “welcoming
environment that nurtures and hones the [young seafarers’] undoubted skills and
Each generation tends to think of itself as having something new to say and
challenges the status quo, creating the potential for friction with the older
generation. Time will tell whether or not this generation, the new technology and
modern management methods can create a combination that makes shipping
more efficient and safer.
(underlines and Italics by this presenter)
Maritime Digital Paradox
“The more digitization on shore,
The more actual demand/rationale for
On-Board-Training, both in quantity and in quality”
1. Present seafarer supply countries: CBT should go
hand in hand with practical training (OBT)
2. CBT will dramatically increase the number of
seafarer supply countries…”e4e”
Serious Question
Can current world OBT system be sustainable?
a) Can the concept of “OBT by industry” be
valid and optimum in Digital Age, both in
quantity and quality?
b) Can the industry manage the rapid increase
of OBT demands from new seafarer supply
Concerning Comment
(GlobalMET GenMemo 07-13)
“A FIRST TRIP Cadet allegedly was left alone and
unsupervised on the bridge in the Dover Straits. The Chief
Officer, allegedly drunk, left the bridge at 0600 and did not
return. The Cadet, not knowing quite what to do and
feeling too intimidated to call the Master, navigated the
ship alone until the latter arrived on the bridge at 0800.
The Master wanted to know where the C/O was and why
the course recorder showed some fairly odd alterations.”
-A system fatigue? (theoretically, the C/O should be an
qualified OBT instructor officially approved by the flag
state administration of the Cadet. Is it sustainable?)
New Task for Us Now
The New Prototype Seafaring Officers and
Human Resources in C-Shipping Age.
Who ?
How ?
Where ?
Are we ready….?
GOBTC Proposal:
“Integrated Global C(yber)-MET System 21”
Fresh Thinking, Innovative Action NOW
1. Global New Deal for C-System-fitted OnBoard-Training System
2. True Global Collaboration
a) Administrations
b) Industries
c) Academia/MET institutions
d) International body- IMO, ILO, IACS, etc
e) GOBTC (Coordinator)
Global On-Board-Training Center
Dr. Hisashi Yamamoto
Istanbul Technical University
Maritime Faculty, Tuzla, Turkey

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