Prof-Godwin-Onu-ICPC-PRESENTATION

Report
CURBING CORRUPT PRACTICES AND UNETHICAL VALUES IN
NIGERIAN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS: THE INFORMATION
COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES (ICT) APPROACH
BY
PROFESSOR GODWIN ONU
RECTOR
FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC, OKO
ANAMBRA STATE
20TH AND 21ST OF MAY, 2014
Creativity and Service…
Introduction
Ordinarily education is expected to have the capacity to incorporate sustainable
development values and practices into core activities of teaching and research, institutional
management and operational systems. By sustainable development, we mean
“Development which meets the needs of the current generation without compromising the
ability of future generations to meet their needs” (UN, 1989).
Overtime, unethical practices have affected the fortunes of our educational system in
Nigeria, which (though controversial) is perhaps on its lowest ebb now.
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Corrupt Practices in Tertiary Institutions
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
k.
Extortion of students by staff
Underserved of award of scores after examination
Gratification
Indecent dressing
Political interference in management of Institutions
Godfatherism
Special requests for admission and employment
Value system and orientation on part of staff and students
Social media
Overcrowding during examinations and inadequate facilities for examinations
Channeling greed towards public office
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Other Challenges…
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
Funding
Poor infrastructure
Incessant strike by labour unions
Host community interference in the management of tertiary
institutions
Religious dichotomy
Ethnicity
We versus them dichotomy
Cultism.
Labour Unions and inherent abuses
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Our Solution: The ICT Approach
Most if not all the areas of infractions identified at tertiary institutions in Nigeria could be
addressed by the instrumentalities of information communications technologies as portrayed in
the following analyses:
 Sexual harassment and sale of academic handouts could be squarely addressed with flexible
learning where learners are offered a variety of options for personalizing the learning
experience based on their specific needs and preferences. To increase flexibility, therefore,
means essentially to overcome obstacles emerging from the rigidity of traditional forms of
education by enabling learners to select what is best for them with respect to key dimensions
of learning (Collis & Moonen, 2001) through digital lectures and e-lectures that minimize
contact between students and lectures.
 Setting of tough examination questions, admission syndicates and racketeering financial
inducement and gratification, examination malpractices at the tertiary level of education and
massive churn out of first class degrees could be checked through Computer-Based Testing
(CBT) or e-examination. It is a method of administering tests in which the responses are
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electronically recorded, assessed, or both.
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Our Solution: The ICT Approach Contd.
With digitalized processes and procedures at tertiary institutions in the country:
 Students’ records in school databases can be easily accessed, managed and updated as
at when due
 Also computing and retrieving result of students for issuance of certificates would be
carried out on real time basis
 Information about students would be accurate since it is usually updated every
semester and the tracking of student files, cumulative assessments, scores of
assignments as well as examinations would be recorded effectively and efficiently
 The databases would enable the students to check their performances at the end of
each semester at will and on demand, such that they would have access to their results
and comments from their lectures, including their grades
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Practical Solutions
1. Biometric Time Clocks (also known as
Fingerprint Readers)
2. Time and Attendance Software
3. Online fee Collections
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Other forms of Corruption
 Pre Examination Malpractice
 Examination Malpractice
 Post Examination Malpractice
 Corruption during Staff Appraisal
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The Federal Polytechnic Oko Experience
Petroleum Development Trust Fund (PDTF) ICT/E-Examination Centre where Public
Administration department students did their first semester CBT examination.
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The Merits of CBT
 CBT guarantees efficiency in examination delivery, administration and
scoring
 It also reduces the need for resources for many elements in testing
 CBT ensures that results are released almost immediately
 Allows constant continuous assessments and better learning outcomes
 It will eliminate examination malpractices and maladministration
 Facilitates dedication and effective teaching and learning
 Examination malpractices, low capacity examination venues,
inadequate invigilators, inadequate examination materials, omission of
students results and human error(s) during the marking/grading
process will be automatically eliminated
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The Federal Polytechnic Oko Experience
Orientation Course on CBT for students
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The Federal Polytechnic Oko Experience
Prospective candidates for admission into the Polytechnic during
the Post Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (PUTME)
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The Federal Polytechnic Oko Experience
New Mass Communication Complex (Tetfund Special Intervention) that
houses one of the Polytechnic Electronic Examination Centres at the moment
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Some Institutions that have adopted CBT partially or
fully in Nigeria to our knowledge
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University of Ilorin, Kwara State
National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN)
Federal University of Technology, Minna
Federal University of Technology, Akure
University of Lagos, Lagos State
University of Agriculture, Makurdi
University of Maiduguri, Borno State
University of Ibadan, Oyo State
University of Nigeria, Nsukka
Covenant University, Ota
Federal Polytechnic, Oko
Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB)
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Creativity and Service…
Recommendations
1. The establishment of a National Committee to work out
modalities and framework for the adoption of computer based
testing (CBT) method of examination in all schools, colleges,
polytechnics and universities in Nigeria as a panacea to
examination malpractice and re-building quality education in
Nigeria.
2. It is further recommended that a national policy on Information
Communication Technology and Computer-Based Test (ICTCBT) method of teaching-learning-examination management
and administration be developed to provide ICTs in tertiary
institutions for improved standard of education.
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Conclusion
Even though it might be expensive to install ICT technology, it
could be used with almost zero marginal cost. ICT has also
improved the quality of tertiary education because it provides new
innovative methods of interaction and sharing of information. To
benefit from the numerous opportunities offered by the
adoption and use of ICT in carrying out tertiary institution’s
functions, institutions must be e-ready.
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Creativity and Service…
Thank You
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