The New Deal (USHC 6.4)

Report
The
NEW
DEAL
USHC 6.4
1932 Presidential Election
1928
1932
1936
1940
Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR)
(D-NY)
Thirty-second POTUS
1933-1945
Governor of New York
Crippled by polio as an adult
www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/warrenharding
FDR’s First Inaugural Address
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=amNpxQANk0M
The “New Deal”
The “3 R’s”
RELIEF
RECOVERY
REFORM
Bank Holiday / Fireside Chats
FDR’s “Alphabet Soup”
SEC
FDIC
AAA
CCC
PWA
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
Agricultural Adjustment Act
THE PROBLEM:
Crop prices too low
THE SOLUTION:
Crop subsidies
National
Recovery
Administration
Authorized the
government and business
leaders to develop
codes of
fair competition
Securities and Exchange Commission
“Make Work” Projects
CCC
PWA
Public Works Administration
Construction
Projects
Civilian Conservation Corps
State and
National
Parks
Table Rock
State Park
Tennessee Valley Authority
Rural Electrification
Public Utilities
The “Second New Deal”
1935-1936
Social Security Act
(SSA)
Old Age Pensions
National Labor Relations
(Wagner) Act
Pro-labor Union Legislation
National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)
Criticisms of the New Deal
From the Left:
Too COLD!
Sen. Huey P.
Long (LA)
“Share
Our
Wealth”
From the Right:
Too HOT!
Schechter Poultry Corp. v. U.S.
1935
Schechter Poultry Corp. v. U.S.
1935
9-0
In favor of the Schechters
The NRA violated the
Commerce Clause of
the U.S. Constitution.
Commerce Clause
INTERSTATE
“Horse and Buggy”
Constitution
Court-packing Scheme
• Independent Judiciary
• FDR:
• Add a justice for every
member (up to six) over
70 years of age
FDR’s first major
legislative defeat
More Cartoons:
http://www.authentichistory.com/19301939/02-newdeal/5-courtpacking/
1936 Presidential Election
1928
1932
1936
1940
FDR and
Race Relations
New Deal Coalition
Included Southern Whites
Civil Rights Legislation
FDR and
Race Relations
BUT New Deal
programs (e.g., CCC)
provided unemployed
African Americans
with work.
The EOC
Let’s guess what the EOC
makers are going to want
to assess.
Unemployment
New
Deal
Unemployment
WWII
GDP
New
Deal
GDP
WWII

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