Commentary, Claims and Assertions.ppt

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Triple-decker Paragraphs
How to Write a Tasty, Juicy
Paragraph
A modified Jane Schaeffer paragraph Powerpoint created by Hollie Gustke and modified by Trina Mangione
Note:
You will use the 11-sentence-paragraph model (or
some derivation thereof) to write:
1) literary analyses—these types of writing require a
careful, critical look at a work (or works) of
literature.
2) argumentative essays—these types of writing begin
with a clear claim that is argued throughout the
essay.
Get Ready to Color Your World!
•
Materials: When we analyze writing, we
will use 3 colors of highlighters.
–First color (yellow) is for Claims
and Closing Sentences.
–Second color (pink) is for Evidence.
–Third color (blue/green) is for
Commentary.
Step 1: Claim (C)

A claim (C) is the
top bun of a
hamburger.
• C = TOPIC sentence of the
paragraph. (the first sentence)
It is the main idea that you will
prove throughout your paragraph.
Example Claim (C)
In the fairy tale “The
Three Little Pigs,” the third
pig has traits which help
him
succeed.
.
Step Two: Evidence
EVIDENCE =
Examples from
the text, the
meat patty of the
hamburger.
EVIDENCE proves
or supports your
CLAIM
Example Evidence (E)
In the fairy tale “The
Three Little Pigs,” the third
pig has traits which help him
succeed. For example, he is
wise and builds his house out
of sturdy brick.
Step 3: Commentary (CM)
Commentary
=
Explanation - your
conclusions, analysis,
interpretation, or
insight into the text.
•
CM=are the “extras” on the hamburger—the
tomato, cheese, lettuce, mayo—they make it
delicious!
Example Commentary (2 CMs)
In the fairy tale “The Three Little
Pigs,” the third pig has traits which
help him succeed. For example, he is
wise and builds his house out of sturdy
brick. The wolf is unable to blow down
the brick house (1). This shows that the
third pig is smarter than his brothers,
who were both eaten by the wolf (2).
Step 4: Closing Sentence (CS)

A closing sentence
(CS) is the bottom
bun of the
hamburger.
• A CS brings a close to the
claim by wrapping up the
paragraph.
Example Closing Sentence (CS)
In the fairy tale “The Three Little Pigs,” the
third pig has traits which help him succeed. For
example, he is wise and builds his house out of
sturdy brick. The wolf is unable to blow down the
brick house (1). This shows that the third pig is
smarter than his brothers, who were both eaten
by the wolf (2). In conclusion, the third pig
outsmarts not only his brothers but the “big,
bad” wolf as well.
Complete (if short) Paragraph
In the fairy tale “The Three Little Pigs,” the
third pig has traits which help him succeed.
For example, he is wise and builds his house
out of sturdy brick. The wolf is unable to
blow down the brick house (1). This shows
that the third pig is smarter than his
brothers, who were both eaten by the wolf
(2). In conclusion, the third pig outsmarts
not only his brothers but the “big, bad” wolf
as well.
C, E, CM, CS—Now What?
 CHUNKING--A
combination of E and
CM is called a chunk.
We will use a combination (or
“ratio”) of 1:2. That is, for every
1 Evidence sentence, you will have
2 Commentary sentences.

Claim
 Evidence from Text
 Commentary
 Commentary
 Evidence from Text
 Commentary
 Commentary
 Evidence from Text
 Commentary
 Commentary

Closing Sentence
Example of
chunking
For an elevensentence
paragraph, you
have three chunks:
Transitions
Evidence transitions:
• For example,
• For instance,
Commentary transitions:
• In the story,
• Thus,
• Because of this,
• Therefore,
• Consequently,
• This shows that
Notice the color pattern:
In the fairy tale “The Three Little Pigs,” the third pig
has the traits that help him succeed. For example, he is
wise and builds his house out of sturdy brick. The wolf is
unable to blow down the brick house. This shows that the
third pig is smarter than his brothers, who were both eaten
by the wolf. Additionally, he is a hard worker. Although it
is much easier to build a house out of straw, he chooses
the material that will hold up. Even though laying bricks is
time-consuming, he knows it is the better choice. This
oldest pig also learns his lessons. He remembers his
mother taught him that predators seek out little pigs.
Knowing a wolf-attack is likely, he plans out his home
construction to prevent tragedy. In conclusion, the third
pig’s nature enables him to outsmart not only his brothers,
but the “big, bad” wolf as well.

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