China experience on stakeholder engagement for - UNDP-ALM

Report
Session 2
Putting the NAP process in perspective
and NAP-GSP
HUANG Wenhang, Director
Division of International Cooperation, Department of Climate Change,
National Development and Reform Commission, P.R. China
Supporting LDCs to advance their National Adaptation Plans
Asia Regional Training Workshop
Marriott Resort and Spa, Pattaya, Thailand, 17-20 February 2014
China experience on stakeholder engagement
for formulating adaptation plan
1. Institution Arrangement
2. Policies & Strategy
3. Way forward
Session 2
Putting the NAP process in perspective and NAP-GSP
Supporting LDCs to advance their National Adaptation Plans
Asia Regional Training Workshop
1. Institution Arrangement
•
Governing Bodies:
– Special unit to deal with climate change set up in 1990;
– National Coordination Committee on Climate Change
(NCCCC) established in 1998;
– National Panel on Climate Change set up in 2006;
– National Leading Group to Address Climate Change set up
in 2007;
– Climate Change Department established in NDRC to
undertake the general work in respect of climate change in
2008;
– A liaison office was set up for the National Leading Group
in 2010
Session 2
Putting the NAP process in perspective and NAP-GSP
Supporting LDCs to advance their National Adaptation Plans
Asia Regional Training Workshop
China’s National Leading Group on Climate Change
Composition:
Ministry of Foreign Affaires
National Development and Reform Commission
Ministry of Science and Technology
Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
Ministry of Finance
Ministry of Land and Resources
Ministry of Environmental Protection
Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development
Ministry of Transport
Ministry of Water Resources
Ministry of Agriculture
Ministry of Commerce
Ministry of Health
National Bureau of Statistics
State Forestry Administration
Chinese Academy of Sciences
China Meteorological Administration
National Energy Administration
China Civil Aviation Administration
State Oceanic Administration
Provincial Leading Group
on Climate Change
Composition:
Provincial Development
and Reform Committee
(PDRC);
Provincial Finance
Department
Office of Leading Group
on Climate Change:
Hosted by PDRC
National Leading Group on Climate Change Office: hosted by NDRC
Implementation Unit: Department of Climate Change, NDRC
1. Institution Arrangement
•
Science & Technology:
– NDRC, MOST, NSFC and the National Leading Group are
playing a key role in setting priorities for state investment
on S&T.
– Research infrastructures such as large-scale observation
networks have been put in place.
•
•
•
•
national climate monitoring network
national weather observation network
national specialized meteorological observation network
national ecological observation network (backboned by the CERN of
CAS) and CO2 flux observation network (backboned by the ChinaFLUX
of CAS)
– Research institutions such as the CAS, the CAAS, CMA and
many state universities have set up core teams of over
1000 research scientists.
Session 2
Putting the NAP process in perspective and NAP-GSP
Supporting LDCs to advance their National Adaptation Plans
Asia Regional Training Workshop
China’s Technologies on CCA
CERN: demonstration on CCA
中国生态系统研究网络的适
应技术示范
Desertification control
防治沙漠化
Loess Plateau
黄土高原
Algae removal
除藻
Applicable Technology Manual for
SSC on S&T to Address Climate
Change (2nd Edition, 2011)
《南南科技合作应对气候变化适用
技术手册》(第二版, 2011年)
Drought-resistant
seedling plantation
抗旱苗木种植
Desert shrub
breeding
荒漠区灌木
繁育
Solar energybased
irrigation
太阳能灌溉
Coastal mangrove
restoration
沿海红树林恢复
1. Institution Arrangement
•
Education, Outreach and Public Awareness:
– incorporated into the framework of basic education, adult
education and higher education;
– fully using the mass media such as books, newspapers,
periodicals, audio and video products
Session 2
Putting the NAP process in perspective and NAP-GSP
Supporting LDCs to advance their National Adaptation Plans
Asia Regional Training Workshop
Outreach Institutions on Climate Change in China
Type
Media
Institution
• CCTV; Xinhua News Agency; other media
• CMA; CMP
• Department of Climate Change under NDRC;
• MOST; Science Press
Meetings • NDRC; MOFA; MOST; CMA
• Tianjin Municipal Government
Thematic • China (Beijing) International Energy Saving and Environment Protection
outreach Exhibition (BIESEPE)
• Beijing 2008 Olympic Games
• World Expo 2010 Shanghai
• The 20th National Book Expo in 2010
• World Environment Day, World Meteorological Day, World Earth Day,
Science Day
NGOs
• Friends of Nature, Global Village – Beijing, Green Earth Volunteers, etc
• China Youth Climate Action Network (CYCAN)
• WWF
1. Institution Arrangement
•
International Cooperation:
Ministry
Programmes
NDRC
South-South Cooperation Programme on Climate Change, 2011-2013;
Adapting to Climate Change in China (ACCC) project, 2009-2013;
GEF-SCCF project “Enhancing Capacity, Knowledge and Technology
Support to Build Climate Resilience of Vulnerable Developing Countries”,
2013-2017
MOST
Science and Technology Partnership Programme with other developing countries;
International S&T Cooperation Network/Platform (http://www.actc.org.cn);
Applicable Technology Manuals for SSC on S&T to Address Climate Change
NSFC
International Young Scientist Research Fund
CAS
Specially Hired Foreign Research Fellows Project;
Youth Foreign Scientist Project;
UNEP-IEMP;
MOC, MOA,
SFA, MWR,
MEP, etc
Foreign aid programme, including technological cooperation programmes
and human resources development programmes
China’s SSC Programme on Climate Change (SSCP)
•
The 12th Five-Year Plan
– “will provide help and support to developing countries on climate change”
•
•
•
COP17, 2011, announced by Mr. XIE Zhenhua, Vice Chairman of NDRC
USD 31.7 million, 12 countries from 2011-2013
Post 2013, China to continue supporting SSCP
Adapting to Climate Change in China (ACCC)
•
ACCC is major China – UK – Swiss climate change
adaptation research/policy project which aims to:
–
–
–
–
Developing accurate regional/national climate models
Assessing impacts, vulnerability and risk
Mainstreaming adaptation into development planning
….
 SDC to support second phase including S-S Coop (others
welcome to join) North and northeast:
Northwest:
Desertification
(higher evaporation)
Increased water scarcity
Coastal regions:
Typhoons, storm surge
and long-term inundation
Southern China: Increase in flood
frequency and magnitude;
northwards spread of “tropical”
disease vectors
Tibetan Plateau:
Change in river flows /
melting glaciers
ACCC Pilot Provinces
GEF-SCCF EBA project
Project title
Enhancing Capacity, Knowledge and Technology Support to Build
Climate Resilience of Vulnerable Developing Countries
Geographical scope
Global: Africa and Asia-Pacific
Project executing
organisation
National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC)
2. Policies & Strategy
•
Comprehensive Policies:
– Initial and Second National Communication on Climate Change (2004);
Second National Assessment Report on Climate Change (2012);
– First National Assessment Report on Climate Change(2006); Second
National Assessment Report on Climate Change (2011)
– China's National Climate Change Programme (June 3 2007);
– China's Scientific & Technological Actions on Climate Change (June 14
2007);
– China’s Policies and Actions for Addressing Climate Change (first issued
on October 29 2008 and then annually );
– Implementation of the Bali Road Map – China’s Position on the
Copenhagen Climate Change Conference (May 20 2009);
– Outline of the Twelfth Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social
Development (March 2011)
Session 2
Putting the NAP process in perspective and NAP-GSP
Supporting LDCs to advance their National Adaptation Plans
Asia Regional Training Workshop
2. Policies & Strategy
•
Measures for enhancing adaptation capacity
during the 12th Five-Year:
– To study and formulate policies and measures allowing
agriculture and forestry to respond to climate change, and
guaranteeing food and ecological safety;
– To rationally tap and optimize the allocation of water resources,
and strengthen various water-saving policies and measures;
– To enhance monitoring and protection of marine and coastal
ecosystems, and increase the coastal areas’ capacity to resist
marine disasters;
– To improve the emergency-response system, starting
mechanism and multi-disaster early warning mechanism to
tackle extreme meteorological disasters.
Session 2
Putting the NAP process in perspective and NAP-GSP
Supporting LDCs to advance their National Adaptation Plans
Asia Regional Training Workshop
Sustainable Forestry Management: China has done a great job in preventing illegal
logging and recovering its forest resources through increasing public awareness of
forestry and environmental protection and deepening forestry reforms.
Session 2
Putting the NAP process in perspective and NAP-GSP
Supporting LDCs to advance their National Adaptation Plans
Asia Regional Training Workshop
Returning Farmland to Forests: The people's governments at all levels shall strictly
implement the policies and measures of "converting farmland to forests, closing
mountains for greening, providing grain as relief and making contracts with individuals."
Session 2
Putting the NAP process in perspective and NAP-GSP
Supporting LDCs to advance their National Adaptation Plans
Asia Regional Training Workshop
Return Grazing Land to Grassland: Improve policies for returning grazing land to
grassland, quicken the implementation and expand of the coverage of the said
project, enhance efforts on building human-made pasture, water complex in
pasturing areas and livestock sheds, and promote breeding of livestock according to
natural conditions and in sheds.
Session 2
Putting the NAP process in perspective and NAP-GSP
Supporting LDCs to advance their National Adaptation Plans
Asia Regional Training Workshop
2. Policies & Strategy
• National Climate Change
Adaptation Strategy:
– During 2011-2013, NDRC has developed a national
strategy for climate change adaptation.
– The strategy, based on the assessment of the impact
of climate change on China’s economic and social
development, has laid out clear guidelines and
principles for climate change adaptation, as well as
proposed adaptation objectives, major tasks,
regional patterns and safeguarding measures.
– Provinces, including Zhejiang, Henan and Liaoning,
have carried out their own regional strategic studies
for addressing climate change.
Session 2
Putting the NAP process in perspective and NAP-GSP
Study on National
Strategy of Climate
Change Adaptation
(2011)
Supporting LDCs to advance their National Adaptation Plans
Asia Regional Training Workshop
4. Way forward
•
SSC:
– how to further China’s SSC Programme with more
attention EBA?
•
NAP:
– how China can advance her NAP processes to meet the
needs identified, with tech. support from int’l community?
Session 2
Putting the NAP process in perspective and NAP-GSP
Supporting LDCs to advance their National Adaptation Plans
Asia Regional Training Workshop
[Session number]
[Session title]
Supporting LDCs to advance their National Adaptation Plans
Asia Regional Training Workshop

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