Risk-informed decision-making: An agenda for improving risk assessments under HFA2 Photo credit: Andrew McConnell/Panos Pictures CDKN Goals Disaster risk management 1. Improving risk informed decision making – increasing the use of science information 2. Mainstream DRM into CCD at national and sub-national levels 3. Positioning DRM as a priority consideration in sustainable development and post-2015 policy frameworks 2 Credit: G.M.B. Akash/Panos Pictures CDKN Goals 1. Improving risk informed decision making – increasing the use of science information Examples of relevant projects: • Partnership with the IPCC to promote key messages emerging from 5th Assessment Report • Developing a Climate Risk Assessment for CCD Planning in Central Asia • Risk and vulnerability mapping in the Zambezi basin to inform basin-wide policy • Learning Network on the Uptake of Risk Assessments in LAC 3 Credit: G.M.B. Akash/Panos Pictures Risk assessments 1. Increase awareness and understanding of disaster risk 2. Develop financial applications to spread and transfer risk 3. Guide and inform risk management and adaptation policies 4. Inform early warning systems and contingency planning 5. Inform spatial planning decisions World Bank and United Nations (2012b) Improving the assessment of disaster risks to strengthen financial resilience: A Special Joint G20 Publication by the Government of Mexico and the World Bank. Washington DC: World Bank. 4 Photo credit: Chris Stowers/ Panos Pictures Learning Network on the Uptake of Risk Assessments in LAC Case studies: • Colombia, El Salvador, Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru • Mini case studies in Pakistan (NDMA), India (CDKN project in Ahmedabad) and Ghana (CDKN project in coastal areas) • 3-4 risk assessments in each • Range of intended uses: raise awareness x3 risk transfer x2 inform policies x11 preparedness and EWS x1 planning x6 • Mix of contexts and scales 5 Photo credit: Chris Stowers/ Panos Pictures Obstacles to uptake Technical 1. Lack of conceptual clarity 2. Lack of data 3. Low technical capacity Operational 1. Difficulties in interpreting results 2. Mismatch between scales Institutional 1. Low salience 2. Short political timescales 6 A political impact agenda Enabling factors for successful use of risk assessments 1. Process not projects 2. Engage end users in design 3. Build capacity 4. Promote partnerships across scales 5. Target sectors 6. Build inter-sectoral collaboration 7. Interpret outputs 8. Link risk to development needs 9. Tie to political timescales Climate and Development Knowledge Network | www.cdkn.org 7 Conclusions HFA2 should promote risk assessments that help policy-makers to relate disaster risk to broader development decisions Technical, operational and institutional obstacles stand in the way of riskinformed decision-making. Too often, risk assessments are ignored by decision-makers because results are difficult to interpret Risk assessment should be demand-led and designed with end-users to ensure uptake and sustainability in application One-off risk assessments (as pre-conditions to risk management projects) should be avoided - these have a very short shelf life Donors should seek to develop local capacity for commissioning and interpreting risk studies Future risk assessments should focus on sectoral needs as the basis for subsequent multi-sectoral work Climate and Development Knowledge Network | www.cdkn.org 8 www.cdkn.org This document is an output from a project funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) for the benefit of developing countries. However, the views expressed and information contained in it are not necessarily those of or endorsed by DFID, which can accept no responsibility for such views or information or for any reliance placed on them. This publication has been prepared for general guidance on matters of interest only, and does not constitute professional advice. You should not act upon the information contained in this publication without obtaining specific professional advice. No representation or warranty (express or implied) is given as to the accuracy or completeness of the information contained in this publication, and, to the extent permitted by law, the Climate and Development Knowledge Network’s members, the UK Department for International Development (‘DFID’), their advisors and the authors and distributors of this publication do not accept or assume any liability, responsibility or duty of care for any consequences of you or anyone else acting, or refraining to act, in reliance on the information contained in this publication or for any decision based on it. Copyright © 2011, Climate and Development Knowledge Network. All rights reserved.