PDNA - early recovery

Report
PDNA/ MIRA
Differences
• Scope
• Purpose
• Tools and
methodologies
• Timing
• Actors
• Donors
• Governments
Similarities
• Affected population
• Actors
• Local/central
governments
• Assessment sectors
Post Disaster Needs Assessment
(PDNA)
Hossein Kalali, Disaster Reduction and
Recovery Team, UNDP
HUMANITARIAN ASSESSMENT
Phase 1
Phase 2
Phase 3
Phase 4
Initial Rapid
Assessments
In-Depth
Assessments
Multi-cluster Initial and
Rapid Assessment (MIRA)
Cluster/ Sector
Assessments
Flash Appeal
Revised Flash Appeal,
Sector/Cluster
Responses,
PDNA/PCNA
Post-crisis cooperation agreements
•
Joint Declaration on Post-Crisis
Assessments and Recovery
Planning (UNDG – World Bank and
EC)
•
•
United Nations-World Bank
Partnership Framework for Crisis
and Post-Crisis Situations
•
•
signed 25 September 2008
October 2008
United Nations Development
Group- World Bank Post-Crisis
Operational Annex
•
signed 24 October 2008
• Common platform for
partnership and action
• Integrated efforts to work
with national authorities
and partners to strengthen
national capacity for
effective prevention and
response
• Support implementation of
national recovery
• Common methodology,
toolkit and capacities
A COMMON PLATFORM FOR SUPPORT TO
RECOVERY
PDNA/PCNA : Differences
PCNA
• Led by DOCO from the UN
side
• Modular approach to allow
Flexibility and adaptability
• It is based on ‘’Transitional
Results Framework’’
• One planning and
assessment process from
cessation of hostilities to
process to full recovery
• Includes conflict analysis
and political dimensions;
PDNA
• Led by UNDP form the UN
side
• A set of sectoral
methodologies based on
both the development and
humanitarian sectors
• Includes a Recovery
Framework,
• Triggered by a request from
the Government
• Based on a Disaster Risk
Reduction analysis and plan
HUMAN
DEVELOPMENT
IMPACT ?
ECONOMIC
LOSSES?
RECOVERY
NEEDS?
PHYSICAL
DAMAGES?
ACCESS TO
BASIC
SERVICES ?
INCREASED
RISK?
DONOR
CONFERENCE
?
RECOVERY
FRAMEWORK
GOVERNANACE
FUNCTIONS ?
MACROECONOMIC
IMPACT ?
A holistic, systemic conceptual and operational framework
HUMAN
-Health
-Education
SOCIAL
NATURAL
-Social networks (security and solidarity)
-Family ties and extended family
-Violence and security
PHYSICAL
-Clean water
-Clean air
-Biodiversity and
ecosystem (microclimate)
-Type and quality of settlement and housing
-Infrastructure conditions (basic lifeline services)
-Geomorphologic conditions (slopes, coasts,
floodplains)
FINANCIAL
-Access to credit
-Land tenure and ownership
- Formalizing asset’s value
PDNA PROCESSES
DISASTER
Assessment of
Disaster Effects:
Sectoral Level
Assessment of
Disaster Impact:
Agregate Level
Assessment of Post
Disaster Needs
• Damages
• Losses
• Disruption of Access to basic
services
• Disruption of gouvernance
• Increase of Risk
•
•
•
•
Economic & Fiscal
Social & Culture
Human Development
Environment
•
•
•
•
reconstruction
Economic recovery
Restablishment of Services
Restoration of governance
Functions
• Risk Reduction( BBB)
REHABILITATION AND RECONSTRUCTION ACTION
PLAN
National Government : Role
• Initiate the process
• Coordination between sector ministries ,
national and district level
• Planning : Data collection, decision on
categories of damage , Unit costs
• Ownership and use of the assessment report
• Institutionalization of process
• Resource allocation and donor coordination
PDNA Deliverables
• Consolidated government-owned set of sector
reports (one per sector) representing the dual
perspectives of valuation of damage and loss and
human recovery needs and factoring crosscutting issues in recovery;
• Recovery Framework presenting the early,
medium and long term recovery needs in the
order of priority, cost, timeline and the actors
most likely involved in such recovery activities;

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