AP Psychology Review Success on the AP Psychology Exam Understanding of the AP Psychology Test Types of questions possible How the questions are arraigned? How is the test scored? Three Areas to Consider General Tips for Test Taking Multiple Choice Section Free Response Questions General Tips for Test Taking Multiple Choice Section - 100 questions Column format Questions taken from every unit. Five answer Possibilities: A., B., C., D., E AP Psychology Exam Structure History and Approaches Research Methods Biological Bases of Behavior Sensation and Perception States of Consciousness Learning Cognition Motivation and Emotion Developmental Psychology Personality Testing and Individual Differences Abnormal Psychology Treatment of Psychological Disorders Social Psychology 2-4% 8-10% 8-10% 6-8% 2-4% 7-9% 8-10% 6-8% 7-9% 5-7% 5-7% 7-9% 5-7% 8-10% Values of combined units History, Approaches and Research Methods 10-14% 10-14% Biological Bases of Behavior Sensation and Perception 8-10% 6-8% 14-18% States of Consciousness 2-4% 2-4% Learning Cognition 7-9% 8-10% 15-19% Motivation and Emotion 6-8% 6-8% Developmental Psychology 7-9% 7-9% Personality Testing and Individual Differences 5-7% 5-7% 10-14% Abnormal Psychology Treatment of Psychological Disorders Social Psychology 7-9% 5-7% 8-10% 20-26% Great, Good News! You can miss a lot of questions and still get a 5 on the AP Exam. Great, Good News! You can miss a lot of questions and still get a 5 on the AP Exam. Example of the Good News: If you get a 70%, which is the same as getting 105 points out of a150… you get a 5 on the test! Another good news example If you a 60%, which is the same as earning 90 points out of a possible 150… you’ll get a four on the AP exam More Good News! Every question is only worth 1point Even the extremely hard ones are only worth one point, just like the extremely easy ones. And the news just keeps getting better… There is no penalty for a wrong guess ! This means you will fill in every bubble on your answer sheet. The law of averages is on your side here, and you are going to guess on every question you don’t know. Guessing Strategy In order to avoid wasting valuable time during the test, follow an exact procedure for guessing. Mathematicians have analyzed loads of tests and determined that it does not matter whether or not you follow a pattern when guessing on a multiple choice test. So… in order to save time, you are always going to guess option (A) when making a guess. Guessing Procedure When you have decided to guess… 1. Circle the item number in your booklet so you can come back to it later if you have time. 2. Fill in the (A) bubble on your answer sheet. Bring a watch to the test! You won’t be able to use your phone. General Tips for Test Taking Do not waste your time reading the directions. Instead know them in advance. Here they are for the multiple choice: “Each of the questions or incomplete statements below is followed by five suggested answers or completions. Select the one that is best in each case and then fill in the corresponding oval on the answer sheet.” There is an order of difficulty for the multiple choice section Questions 1 - 33 Go slow on the things you know As the question number increases, so does the difficulty Questions 34 - 66 Start making educated guesses on questions that are difficult for you. The Difficult Questions are at the End. Questions 66 – 100 Be quick to skip these questions or make a guess. Tips for Multiple Choice Questions Anticipate the answer As you read the stem of each multiple choice question, anticipate the answer before looking at the options. If the answer you anticipated is among the options, it is likely to be the correct one. Tips for Multiple Choice Questions Underline key terms and ideas: When Shelly first had cable television service installed, PBS was on channel 9. Her cable company then switched PBS to channel 16. Shelly now has trouble remembering that PBS is on channel 16 and not on channel 9. This memory problem represents ? (AP Psychology Exam 2004 #86) Tips for Multiple Choice Questions Anticipate the answer, and underline key terms: When Shelly first had cable television service installed, Public Broadcasting (PBS) was on channel 9. Her cable company then switched PBS to channel 16. Shelly now has trouble remembering that PBS is on channel 16 and not on channel 9. This memory problem represents (A) memory decay (B) retrograde amnesia (C) reconstruction errors (D) retroactive interference (E) proactive interference (AP Psychology Exam 2004 #86) Tips for Multiple Choice Questions Stick to the subject matter Watch for answers that have nothing to do with the subject matter of the course or have nothing to do with the subject matter of the particular unit the question is testing. Tips for Multiple Choice Questions Keep your eye out for help within other questions on the test. Tips for Multiple Choice Questions Watch for Qualifiers Qualifiers: often, sometimes, perhaps, may, generally, some, seldom, usually, ordinarily, etc. Options that use qualifiers tend to be correct. (He’s watching for Qualifiers ) Watch out for extreme, all or nothing language: 100% words: never, none, no, every, always, all, only, entirely, necessarily, completely, totally, etc. Options that represent broad, sweeping are almost always wrong. Be on the lookout for the following: An incorrect option that is highly implausible. For example: The part of the brain responsible for higher order thinking is the: A. cerebrum B. pupil C. repression D. pituitary gland E. mania Be on the lookout for: Sometimes the correct option is more detailed, or more specific than the other options. Sometimes the correct option is longer than all the other options. Common Flaws in Multiple Choice Items There is a resemblance between the stem and correct option but not the incorrect options. Skinner and the other behaviorists would promote which of the following therapies? A. psychoanalysis B. humanistic therapy C. behavioral therapy D. Gestalt therapy E. cognitive therapy Tips for Multiple Choice Questions Eliminate implausible answers Learn how to quickly eliminate options that are highly implausible. Many questions have only two plausible options, accompanied by "throwaway" options for filler. Eliminate them and your choice is easier. Eliminate Implausible Answers Example: Who of the following teaches AP Psychology at Clayton High School? (A) The smartest person in the world. (B) Abraham Lincoln (C) Moses (D) Homer Simpson (E) Buddha Free Response Section Test Structure 2 Free Response (Essay) Questions Required to do both Free Response Section Time Structure 50 minutes to complete both essays Can break up your time on the essays any way you want Watch your time. Don’t get caught short on essay #2 Free Response Section Scoring Essays are 1/3 of the overall score Each essay 1/6 of the overall score Each essay will have a specific number of points (6-12) Points are then mathematically changed to equal 25 for a perfect essay Free Response Section Style of the Questions One essay tends to be unit based One essay tends to go across units Questions tend to be relatively specific Application questions with listing of terms Free Response Question 2009 #1 1. Dimitri and Linda are trying to learn a new routine to compete successfully in a dance competition. Give an example of how each of the following could affect their performance. Definitions without application do not score. • Extrinsic motivation • Punishment • Proactive interference • Endorphins 7 points • Vestibular system • Divergent thinking • Introversion Free Response Question 2009 #2 2. James is in a driver’s education course preparing to take his driving test. The course includes both book work and driving on the road to prepare students for a written test and a road test. (a) Describe how each of the following might influence his ability to drive a car during the road test. Definitions without application do not score. • Cognitive map • Cerebellum • Observational learning 7 points • Human factors (b) Describe how each of the following are related to the results of the written test. Definitions without application do not score. • Reticular formation • Predictive validity • Semantic memory Free Response Section Scoring Points are given for correct responses Points are not removed unless you contradict yourself Points are not removed for Handwriting/ Spelling/Grammar issues Free Response Section Helpful Hints – Before Writing Read both essays Think through your answer before you start writing. Prewrite!!! Try to determine the point values for the question Write an outline/notes on the essay question sheet If you are not sure take a logical guess. Free Response Section Writing the Essays Format of the Answer Write your answers in essay form. DO NOT outline, write bullets, etc. Follow the format of the the question. Use paragraphs to separate the different sections Underline key points and concepts Define and give examples Free Response Section Writing the Essays Do not worry if you cannot answer all of the question. Try to avoid compound or complex sentences. Style does not get you points. Avoid circular definitions. Be complete but to the point. DO NOT restate the question. Free Response Section Writing the Essays Introductions and conclusions are NOT needed. DO NOT concept bomb the answer. Answer the question, don’t try to be cute. Define any concepts in the question.