Aim: How Can I Write AP World History Essays? Do Now: Using a Venn Diagram, compare and contrast Miley Cyrus and Taylor Swift. HW: September 2013 Writing Prompt due Friday September 13 Tuesday September 10, 2013 Developing a Thesis Statement Based on the information in your Venn Diagram, what conclusions can you draw? Using your conclusions, you will now create a thesis statement. A thesis statement should be a specific argument (1-2 sentences) that answers the question at hand. When lacking a question, create your own! Example: While Miley Cyrus and Taylor Swift are both ________ and _________, Miley/Taylor is a superior __________ because ________ and ____________. AP World History Thesis Practice Example Test Question Prompt: Compare and contrast the Roman Empire during 206 BCE-220 CE with the Spanish Empire of the sixteenth century. What differences do you see in the thesis statements below? A: “There were many similarities and differences between the Roman Empire during 206 BCE-200 CE and the Spanish Empire of the sixteenth century.” B: “There were many similarities and differences between the Roman Empire during 206 BCE-220 CE and the Spanish Empire of the sixteenth century. One was land-based while the other was sea-based yet they both grew rich from conquest of territory outside their boundaries.” The AP World History Exam: An Overview The multiple-choice section of the examination accounts for half of the student's exam score, and the free-response section for the other half. Type of Question # of Questions Timing Multiple Choice 70 55 minutes Document-Based Question 1 50 minutes (includes a 10 minute reading period) Continuity and ChangeOver-Time Essay 1 40 minutes Comparative Essay 1 40 minutes 5 Steps to Attack the DBQ 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Thesis Statement Author’s Point of View Grouping Historical Documents Translating Historical Documents Additional Historical Documents Author’s Point of View A) According to AP World History DBQ guidelines, the author’s point of view must be discussed within a DBQ essay at least twice. B) When discussing the author’s point of view, it is best to quote and/or translate why the author is biased toward a particular issue or why they have the views they have. C) When grouping historical documents, they must be placed or “translated” into proper groupings. In other words, the grouping of documents must make sense and present at least two sides of an issue or argument. D) Historical documents can be organized into main groups, groups within main groups, and cross groupings. On a piece of paper, write 1-2 sentences about your first day back to school. Then exchange your paper with another student. When we read some of these out loud, write down as many ways you can think of as to how we can group these documents. Author’s Point of View: Main Groups DBQ Essay: Muslim and Christian views toward merchants and trade from the origins of Christianity and Islam until 1500. Documents 1, 3, 4, and 6 support Christian views towards merchants and trade. For example, in document 1……… Author’s Point of View: Groups Within Groups DBQ Essay: Muslim and Christian views toward merchants and trade from the origins of Christianity and Islam until 1500. Documents 1 and 6 support Christian views towards merchants and trade when it comes to the original views Christians had towards merchants and trade. For example, in document 1……… Author’s Point of View: Cross Groupings DBQ Essay: Muslim and Christian views toward merchants and trade from the origins of Christianity and Islam until 1500. Documents 1 and 5 support Christian and Muslim views against merchants and trade. For example, in document 1……… Translating Historical Documents A) According to AP World History DBQ guidelines, the translation of historical documents must be discussed throughout the entire DBQ essay. B) Translations of all but one of the given historical documents within a DBQ essay prompt are required. C) When translating historical documents, it is best to not only translate the meaning of the historical documents, but to also translate how the documents fit into unique groupings and support those groupings. Translation Example DBQ Essay: Muslim and Christian views toward merchants and trade from the origins of Christianity and Islam until 1500. Document 1 supports Christian views against trade. For example, when Jesus says that “It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to get into heaven”, he is saying that there is no way that a rich man will get into heaven because there is no way that a camel can fit through the eye of a needle. This document supports the original view of Christians toward merchants and trade because Jesus in the founder of Christianity. Additional Historical Documents A) According to AP World History DBQ guidelines, an additional historical document must be discussed within a DBQ essay at least once. B) When discussing the additional historical document, it is best to argue how the additional historical document will help support the argument of the essay. C) Additional historical documents used could be any historical document and does not have to necessarily exist. Some examples of historical documents that could be used include government documents, treaties between nations, maps, ship manifests or logs, trade documents, letters to Kings/Queens, etc. DBQ Grading Rubric Basic Core (7 points total) Score 1 Point Has acceptable thesis. 1 Point Demonstrates understanding of basic meaning of all documents or all but one. Merely listing or grouping the documents does not suffice. Must include a short explanation of the document. 2 Points Supports thesis with appropriate evidence from all or all but one document AND be connected to the thesis. 1 Point Analyzes point of view in at least two documents. · POV explains why this particular person might have this particular opinion OR what particular feature informs the author’s POV. · Students must move beyond mere description of that individual by considering and explaining the tone, the characteristics of the author, the intended audience and/or how the intended outcome may have influenced the author’s opinion. 1 Point Analyzes documents by grouping them in AT LEAST one clear way. 1 Point Identifies and explains the need for one type of appropriate additional document or source. Expanded Core (2 points possible) *Student must achieve all 7 basic core points to be eligible. Has a clear, analytical, and comprehensive thesis. Shows careful and insightful analysis of the documents · Analyzes POV in more than two documents. · Analyzes the documents in additional ways—groupings, comparisons · Brings in relevant “outside” historical content. · Identifies more than one type of appropriate additional document or provides a particularly sophisticated explanation of why the additional document is necessary. HW Due Friday September 13 A) Find any 4 sources on NYC’s mayoral race. You must have sources on at least 2 of the candidates. B) Analyze the 4 sources: 1. What is the major point of the source? (No more than 2 sentences) 2. What is the point of view of the source? 3. Group the sources in as many ways as possible. C) Write a 4 paragraph DBQ essay that answers the following prompt: “Which candidate for NYC Mayor is the best for the job?” Essay Outline: 1st Paragraph: Thesis statement and introduction to the topic 2nd Paragraph: Discuss Candidate A using evidence from 2 sources 3rd Paragraph: Discuss Candidate B using evidence from 2 sources and why B is superior to A 4th Paragraph: Suggest another source that can help answer the question. *It is not necessary in an AP essay to state a conclusion. HW Due Friday September 13 Suggested News Sources: msnbc.com, cnn.com, bbc.com, nbc.com, nytimes.com, ny1.com Suggested Candidate Sources: cats2013.com anthonyweiner.com billthompsonformayor.com quinnfornewyork.com You only need to excerpt important information; you do not need to use the entire site. *You do not need to print or cut out the entire article. You do need to list ALL of your sources, including author, title, date, and source of publication.