+ Change and Continuity Over Time Essay (CCOT) AP World History + AP World History Essays You will write THREE essays on the exam day: DBQ Change and Continuity Over Time (CCOT) Compare and Contrast They are listed on the test in this order they will NOT identify them as such Time: 2 hours, 10 minutes 10 minutes to read DBQ docs 2 hours to write essay (about 40 minutes per essay) + Change and Continuity Over Time Essay What You Need to Do: Address Changes in Time period(s) and region(s) Address Continuities in Time period(s) and region(s) Be able to demonstrate change over time (What was the topic like in the beginning, middle, and end? And WHY??) Use historical examples and analysis to explain WHY or HOW things change or stay the same Connect topic of ideas to global events in the same time period about a similar topic (global context statement) + What to Expect – The Question 2008 CCOT: Analyze continuities and changes in the patterns of interactions along the Silk Roads from 200 BCE – 1450 CE 2007 CCOT: Analyze major changes and continuities in the formation of national identities in ONE of the regions listed below from 1914 to the present Middle East Southeast Asia Sub-Saharan Africa 2006 CCOT: Analyze the cultural and political changes and continuities in ONE of the following regions during the last centuries of the classical era Chinese 100-600 CE Roman 100-600 CE Indian 300-600 CE 2004 CCOT: Analyze the changes and continuities in labor systems between 1750-1914 in ONE of the following regions: Latin America and the Caribbean Russia Sub-Saharan Africa + What to Expect – Constructing Your Response Must discuss changes AND continuities in all categories given to you IE: political changes and Cont., cultural changes and cont., etc. Sometimes question will give one or multiple categories of analysis If categories are not given, you should create your own (this is rare) Based on the question, this should be a 4-5 paragraph response + Constructing Your Response – The Thesis Required Elements: Time Period(s) Place(s) Topic(s) Example of Continuity with explanation Example of Change with explanation The Change and continuity mentioned in your thesis must be discussed in greater detail in your body paragraphs! + Thesis Template When examining topic(s) in region(s) during time period(s), several changes and continuities occur. For example a significant continuity in region/time period/topic was ___________ because how/why it stayed the same. On the other hand, ___________ changed because how/why it changed. + Example of Thesis Statements (Using 2006 Question) Unacceptable: There were many cultural and political changes and continuities in the Roman empire from 100-600 CE. Acceptable: Between 100-600 CE, the Roman Empire experienced steady decline and eventually a fall, although in the east, the Byzantine Empire kept alive many of Rome’s political and cultural traditions. Excellent: China experienced the fall, absence, and eventual re-establishment of imperial authority due to the invasion of the Huns and the subsequent rise of the Sui Dynasty, while Confucianism pervaded all levels of society throughout the period 100-600 CE. + Constructing Your Response – Body Paragraphs Outline #1 – Single Region, Single Topic Outline #2 – Multiple Regions/Topics Thesis Paragraph Thesis Paragraph Body Paragraph 1: Continuities in Region BP1: Changes and Continuities in Region or Topic 1 BP2: Changes in Region BP2: Changes and Continuities in Region or Topic 2 Conclusion Paragraph Conclusion Paragraph Could Break this down into 6 paragraph essay if you think you know enough detail and can analyze well + Constructing Your Response – Body Paragraphs Outline #3 - Chronological Thesis Paragraph BP1: Beginning of Period BP2: Middle of Period (w/ emphasis on how changes develop from middle to end) BP3: End of Period (w/emphasis on changes developing and continuities existing) Conclusion + Body Paragraphs – Addressing Change AND Continuity Always include a topic sentence Acceptable : Culturally, Rome was polytheistic until Constantine changed the official religion to Christianity in the 4th century CE. Excellent: The importance of religion as a politically unifying force holding the allegiance of the Roman Empire’s population remained constant from 100-600 CE, even as their religion changed from polytheism to monotheism by the early 300s. + Body Paragraphs – Appropriate Evidence Acceptable: As the era of great unrest and political instability came to a close in the Roman Empire, Diocletian split the empire into East and West halves as a last ditch effort to preserve the great Rome. Excellent: Around 100 CE, Rome was at the height of its glory, known as the Pax Romana, due in large part to the infrastructure projects, and legal and economic expansion encouraged by its earlier emperors such as Augustus. However, as time progressed into the 3rd and 4th centuries, the empire grew too large, with high and uneven taxes that led Rome to be weak to some external attacks by Germanic tribes. + Body Paragraphs Each of your body paragraphs should contain at least THREE specific points of analysis Clearly identify change and/or continuities for region or topic Explain HOW or WHY each change or continuity occurred with SPECIFIC DETAIL + Global Context Statement Required in all CCOT essays – you cannot move into expanded core if you do not have one Description: a connection between the topic/region of the question AND another region in the same time period Relate topic to broad world historical patterns or to specific global historical examples Can go in conclusion or body paragraphs + Global Context Examples Unacceptable: The Pope of Rome and the Patriarch of Byzantium excommunicated each other leading to the churches that exist today. Acceptable: While there was great cultural division that started with the east-west division of the Roman Empire around 300 CE, China remained culturally united in the Classical Period, despite internal and external threats, due to the strength of Confucianism.