AP LANGUAGE ESSAYS 2 HOURS AND 15 MIN. 15 MIN. OF READING TIME 2 HOURS TO WRITE – SAME AS LIT. English Language and Composition There are 3 essays: Synthesis, Prose Analysis, Openended Argument. You will have all of the essays and the research to read in this opening 15 min. period. You may make notes You may plan for all three impromptus You may begin writing on the essay questions, BUT You may NOT open the writing booklet and begin your essay writing until the directed to do so. Synthesis Essay Researched Argumentative Essay Essay in which you are given 5-8 pieces of research and asked to use them to defend your position/evaluation. You are given 15 extra minutes to read the material due to this question. Documentation Essay is argumentative – but often includes evaluation. Must read a number of related sources Respond to a prompt that asks students to synthesis a set number of sources Prompt will ask students for argument Prose Impromptu Essay in which you must analyze the writing of a passage: style, rhetorical strategies, figurative language, purpose, one section of passage in terms of the rest, audience, techniques a prose passage- but may be a broader range than on Lit Test Letter Speech Essay Satire Short story Part of a novel This is what we have practiced all year with every piece we discuss Open-ended Argument Essay in which a statement, idea, philosophy, or position is articulated. You are then asked to respond and assess the validity of this idea or put forth one of your own. You may agree and defend it, disagree and refute it, or you may qualify under what circumstances it may be applicable and analyze it from that perspective. You are writing your own argument on the subject. You may pull in anything/everything you know Sometimes the prompt suggests to use books, movies, television, current events, etc. Synthesis Essay What is synthesis? Thesis Statements: Topic Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) Explanatory Synthesis- (Sometimes evaluation synthesis) While many praise CMC’s potential to bridge barriers and promote meaningful dialogue, others caution that CMC is fraught with dangers. Where would this lead? Thesis Statements: Topic Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) Argumentative Thesis CMC threatens to undermine human intimacy, connection, and ultimately community Where would this lead? How is this one different from the first? While many praise CMC’s potential to bridge barriers and promote meaningful dialogue, others caution that CMC is fraught with dangers. Thesis Statements: Topic Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) How is the one from before CMC threatens to undermine human intimacy, connection, and ultimately community …different from this next one? Although many praise the potential of CMC to bridge barriers and promote meaningful dialogue, in practice CMC threatens to undermine human intimacy, connection, and ultimately community. Where would this one lead? (Brassil) Set up of the Question 1st page is the prompt Directions The following prompt is based on the accompanying ___ sources. This question requires you to synthesize a variety of sources into a coherent, well-written essay. Synthesis refers to combining the sources and your position to form a cohesive, supported argument/analysis and accurately citing sources. Your argument/analysis should be central; the sources should support this argument. Avoid merely summarizing sources. Remember to attribute both direct and indirect citations. Introduction A paragraph introducing the topic, perhaps presenting two sides from which you may choose or summarizing the issue with the topic. Assignment Directions to read and then what you are to specifically write. It will include the number of sources you must use. You will also see a list of your sources with directions on how to cite. Sample Prompt Directions: The following prompt is based on the accompanying seven sources. This question requires you to integrate a variety of sources into a coherent, well-written essay. Refer to the sources to support your position; avoid mere paraphrase or summary. Your argument should be central; the sources should support this argument. Remember to attribute both direct and indirect citations. Sample Prompt cont’d Introduction Memoir remains a popular genre and form of nonfiction. Some memoirists, however, have been accused of misrepresenting certain events of their lives to suit their goals, be they aesthetic or commercial. To what extent, if at all, should a memoirist, in Russell Baker’s words, be able to “invent the truth”? How absolute a label is “nonfiction”? What constitutes the standard for “truth” in a text that is presented to its potential audience as a memoir? Sample Prompt cont’d Assignment Read the following sources (including any introductory information) carefully. Then, in an essay that synthesizes at least three of the sources for support, take a position that defends, challenges, or qualifies the claim that a memoirist’s commitment to the truth is of absolute importance in memoir writing. What kind of a thesis does this require? What might a potential thesis be for this essay? The Sources Refer to the sources by their titles (Source A, Source B, etc.) or by the descriptions in the parentheses. Source A (Zinsser) Source B (Frey) Source C (Roberts) Source D (Amends) Source E (Kertes) Source F (Hampl) Source G (Gutkind) Be consistent – either use (Source F) or (Hampl); don’t mix. (Brassil) Process Read the prompt page carefully; Determine focus of essay. Consider the issue. – what is it? How do you see it? Dissect the question. Skim research material Determine focus/content/background of each Possible use of each What you have. Consider a focus of your essay. Read carefully the research material Notes, annotations, brainstorm Decide which sources to use and what to use from them. Outline/Prewrite for essay. Finalize the sources you will use, Try to use multiple sources for each point Vary use - quote, paraphrase, or summarize. Begin writing. After the first 15 minutes. 40 min. to complete your essay. Documentation is easy but essential. Leave time to proof over essay. Make sure you have answered the prompt. Verify you have correctly used the minimum of sources and documented properly and clearly. Get Ready for Synthesis Understanding the prompt Determining the task Time Management Avoiding regurgitation Balancing sources Don’t ramble or go on tangents Bonus for Monday: Write one sentence about Oedipus, a book you read over break, or about preparing for college decisions that uses as many as possible words from either Vocab Unit 7, 8, or 9. Must be one sentence, use words correctly, may alter form of word, and class will hear and assess usage of vocabular – all will be rewarded. Resources AP Reading: College Board Training. Louisville, KY. 2009- 2012. Brassil, John. “Developing a Synthesis Question.” 2007-2008 Professional Development Materials: Special Focus. College Board. 2012. PDF.