Accounting for Disaster Preparedness and Resilience

Report
Building back better
Accounting for disaster preparedness and resilience
The Philippines in an era of
disasters and changing climates
3rd
most vulnerable to
disaster risks and
natural hazard
5th
10th
most vulnerable to
climate-related disasters
for the period 1991-2010
most vulnerable
country in terms of
global sea level rise
Source: Climate Change Commission, 2014
HAZAR
risks
vulnerability
DS &
EXPOS
URE
climate
change
COOL
WARM
ER
ER
climate
change
Iba na ang panahon
C
2
O
CARBO
N
CYCLE
POLAR
CAP
MELTI
WATER
LEVEL
RISING
CITY
FLOOD
ING
Hydrometeorological
Biological
Geological
The Philippines has a significant share of
disaster risks owing to climate change.
Source: Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, 2014
Source: Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, 2014
Source: Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, 2014
Source: Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, 2014
Disaster damage on the rise
Taken from Arangkada Philippines, 2014
General welfare and right of the
people to a balanced ecology
Local Government Code
Full protection and right to a
balanced ecology
RA7729 (Climate Change Act)
81 provinces
144 cities
1490 municipalities
RA 10121: Philippine
DRRM Act
It is the policy of the
State to uphold the
poeple’s constitutional
rights to life and
property…addressing the
root causes of
vulnerabilities to
disasters….
Laging handa, 24/7
Prepared at all times
Our mandate: keep LGUs
ready against disasters
Major River
Basins, Multiple
Hazards
Norms,
practices, gaps
1. PROFILE
3. ANALYZE
Access to
financing
5.PROVIDE
2. ASSESS
Disaster
preparedness
audits, SGLG
4. BUILD
Capacities
against
standards
Understanding risks
Exposure
Exposure to
natural hazards
Susceptibility
Coping
Likelihood of
suffering harm
Capacities to
reduce negative
consequences
Adaptation
Capacities for longterm strategies for
societal change
x
Vulnerability
Risks
Modified from the World Risk Index, taken from the presentation of the Climate Change Commission, 2014
Whole-of-government approach
Disaster
prevention and
mitigation
Disaster
preparedness
Disaster
response
Disaster
rehabilitation
and recovery
DRRM
“Build back better”
CCA
Resilience of
natural sys.
with improved
adaptive
capacities of
communities
Adaptation
Natural
resources
conserved and
protected
Environmental
quality
Mitigation
Whole-of-government approach
Disaster
prevention and
mitigation
Disaster
preparedness
Disaster
response
Disaster
rehabilitation
and recovery
DRRM
Important role of
accounting
“Build back better”
CCA
Resilience of
natural sys.
with improved
adaptive
capacities of
communities
Adaptation
Natural
resources
conserved and
protected
Environmental
quality
Mitigation
Understand requirements
for early preparedness
and account for disaster preparedness
LGU’s action flow for early
preparedness
CREATE
structures and
systems
INSTITUTIONALIZE
policies and plans
BUILD
competencies
EQUIP
with hardware and
supplies
1. Local structures created: LDRRMC, LDRRMO, Community of Disaster Volunteers,
network of local businesses
2. Comprehensive Land Use Plan updated
3. Evacuation Center/s designated (by DRRMO, MSWDO/Mun. Engineer)
4. Others: signs to Evac. Centers; security posts; shelter for animals/livestock; boat garage
for coastal areas; evacuation centre for inmates/prisoners
LGU’s action flow for early
preparedness
CREATE
structures and
systems
INSTITUTIONALIZE
policies and plans
BUILD
competencies
EQUIP
with hardware and
supplies
1. Local DRR communication protocol issued
2. Suspension protocols clear: classes, work, fishing, sea voyage, pre-emptive evacuation,
and declaration of state of calamity
3. Monitoring done: hazard prone areas; risks and flush points maps
4. ICS designated and BDRRMC established
5. MOA agreed: with supermarkets, funeral parlours, volunteer groups, transport groups,
pharmacies, hospitals, telecom companies, and local construction companies
LGU’s action flow for early
preparedness
CREATE
structures and
systems
INSTITUTIONALIZE
policies and plans
BUILD
competencies
EQUIP
with hardware and
supplies
1. Training on early warning: risk communication, media management, hazard/risk
assessment, climate and weather forecast, warning monitoring, infra audit
2. Training on evacuation and relief: camp management, CBDRRM, infra audit
3. Training on lifelines: livelihoods, business continuity, RDNA, PDNA
4. Training on DRRM structures, systems and processes: ICS, LDRRM planning, LCCAP,
community-based monitoring system, alliance-building
5. Training on search and rescue: first aid, flood/swift water search and rescue, sanitary
inspection and forensic investigation (for the dead)
LGU’s action flow for early
preparedness
CREATE
structures and
systems
INSTITUTIONALIZE
policies and plans
BUILD
competencies
Supplies, equipment and stockpile for the following activities:
1.
2.
3.
4.
security, sear and rescue, medical, and clearing operations
humanitarian assistance
information and awareness
mobilization of DRRM structures, systems and processes
EQUIP
with hardware and
supplies
Account for disaster funds
and use your accounting expertise to influence direction of
disaster preparedness in the LGU
On the average, a typical province and city spent PhP19M and PhP11M,
respectively, for disaster preparedness in 2013
40,000,000
Expenditure
Pattern: 70%
component of
the DRRM
Fund
30,000,000
20,000,000
10,000,000
52%
47%
-
Province
Spent
City
Unspent
Usually, the fund was used to support the following …
Province
1/ Source: LGPMS, 2013 Financial Profile
2/ Average is expressed in median of
80 provinces, and 117 cities which provided
data in the LGPMS
3/ Data for municipalities still being processed
• Trainings
• Infrastructure (Rehab of Roads,
Bridges, Drainage and River
Walls, Flood Control)
• Equipment
• Drug and Medicines
• Food Supplies
City
•
•
•
•
Trainings
Equipment
Drug and Medicines
Food Supplies
declared an
unsafe area
BUILD BACK BETTER
for relocation to Barangay 101,
New Kawayan, Tacloban City
Public Market
San Jose, Tacloban City
Cost factors: build back better
1. design specs differ from ‘normal circumstances’
2. relocation: from ‘unsafe’ to ‘safe zones’
3. market responsiveness: local capacity and cost of
business
4. others: timelines, etc.
AGAP: a call to action
•
familiarize yourself with
requirements and standards of
disaster preparedness and
adaptation
•
influence local action through
accounting
•
account for funds, alignment
and results
PHP
US$
AID
thank you
end-of-presentation

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