Sarah Funke The range from ASL to English is based on the influence of English on ASL The upbringing of Deaf children and adults influence how they sign. The way a school teaches Deaf children may impact how they sign as an adult. If the child is brought up in a school where SEE is taught, this may effect how they sign as an adult Interpreters need to know how to adapt and facilitate communication. Visual gestural language used by American Deaf people. The language is made up signs created with the hands, facial expression and body movement. It has its own grammar and vocabulary, not related to English. Grammar structure typically topic- comment Originated from Old French SL during the 1820s Simplified English-based code Only 14 added grammatical markers Used to reinforce basic English morphemic structure. Uses compound words that are more conceptually accurate and more ASL signs. At least 70 invented signs added to the language through this system. Based on Seeing Essential English Uses Stokoe Notation System ( tab-dez-sig) to codify Developed in 1878 Every word is fingerspelled. Sometimes used in tactile signing situations. Some Deaf adults use this method Developed in 1966 Not a signed language Used to visually understand lip reading Combines 8 arbitrary handshapes and 4 locations to visually and phonetically represent English Either spoken or written When might the Rochester Method be used today? A) When you visit Rochester, NY. B) If you have a Deaf-blind client. C) If you are in a fingerspelling class D) If you don’t know multiple signs during a conversation. When might the Rochester Method be used today? A) When you visit Rochester, NY. B) If you have a Deaf-blind client. C) If you are in a fingerspelling class D) If you don’t know multiple signs during a conversation.