Master ASL Unit 1

Report
BEFORE WE START…
Open your book to page xv (the
very first pages) and let’s take a
look at “THINGS TO KNOW”…
Sign Space and Dominance
 The ASL Sign Space is approximately from waist to the
top of the head.
 Dominance – Which Hand Do You Use.
 Use the hand you write with in a one-handed sign.
 This is your dominant hand.
 Ambidextrous? Choose one hand and stick with it.
FACIAL EXPRESSION
 More important than anything else in sign language is
facial expression.
 Without facial expression, your “voice” is
 M-O-N-O-T-O-N-E
 Signers need to see your facial expression to know if
you’re asking a question or making a statement.
 Hearing people might feel embarrassed at first.
 Don’t! You’re safe in here. No laughing
at others allowed! Go ahead! Leave your
inhibitions outside the door.
Precision Is Important
 During class, watch me carefully!
 If you do not get the sign correctly,
 you could be signing something else entirely.
WATCH:
 SUMMER
 UGLY
 DRY
Precision and the Five Parameters
 Signs have five parts:
 Handshape
 I……………………...vs. …………….MY
 Palm Orientation
 NAME ……................vs. …………….CHAIR
 Location
 MOTHER …………....vs. ……………FATHER
 Movement
 SNOW……………..…vs. ……………RAIN
 Non-Manual Signals (facial expression)
 I UNDERSTAND ……vs. …………...I DON’T UNDERSTAND
IS ASL ENGLISH???
NO WAY!
 ASL has a completely different grammatical structure.
 For example:
there is no word “BE” (or AM, ARE, IS) in ASL.
 ASL is NOT hand signals in English word order.
EYE CONTACT
 This is one of the most important parts of ASL.
 You should watch and maintain eye contact.
 That means you look at the EYES more than the
hands.
 Trust me and trust yourself. You can see the hands
while you look at the eyes.
 In Deaf Culture (the Deaf World) looking away is rude.
 Watch me! Here’s how you sign
EYE CONTACT
Question Sets
 Every unit we study, you will receive a question set.
 You can read ahead and fill out all the answers.
Greetings
and
Responses
Meet the Characters (pg. 3)
 Look on Page 3 at the Master ASL characters.
 Become familiar with their faces.
 You will be seeing them through out the year in our
book and the Student DVD.
 Take a minute to read about them.
The boys…
The girls…
The “teacher”
GREETINGS…
Greetings (pg. 4)
 Most commonly used greetings among the Hearing
and the Deaf
 Hi, hello
 What’s Up
 How are you?
“How are you?”& “What’s Up”
Vocabulary (pg. 5)
 To be busy
 Nothing, not much
 Confused
 Same old, the usual
 Fine
 Sleepy
 To be good, well
 So-so
 To be happy
 To be tired
Practice with a partner:
Person #1
Person #2
1. GREET PARTNER
1. GREET AND ASK
2. ANSWER AND
ASK HOW
PARTNER IS
DOING
HOW PARTNER
IS DOING
2. TELL HOW YOU
ARE DOING
Deixis (pronounced “dike – sis”)
(pg. 6)
 If a person or object is not visible, point to an empty
space and continue signing.
 Using the index finger to point is called DEIXIS.
 I, me
 You
 He, she, it
 We, us
 They
 You (plural)
Class Practice
English:
ASL-GLOSS:
 They are busy.
 THEY BUSY THEY
 She is happy.
 SHE HAPPY SHE
 I am confused.
 ME CONFUSED ME
 We are happy.
 WE HAPPY WE
 She’s good.
 SHE GOOD SHE
 I’m sleepy.
 ME SLEEPY ME
More Greetings (pg. 7)
GOOD + ______________
Morning
Afternoon
Evening, night
Vocabulary to Review
 Hello, Hi
 Same old, the usual
 What’s Up?
 Sleepy
 How are you?
 So-s0
 Busy
 Tired
 Confused
 Morning
 Fine
 Afternoon
 Good
 Evening, night
 Happy
 Nothing, not much
Review Continue
 I, me
 You
 He, she, it
 We, us
 You (plural)
 They
Eyes on ASL (pg. 8)
 Maintain eye contact when signing to others or when
others sign to you.
 NEW SIGNS!
 Eye Contact
 Hold On, Wait a Second
 Look at Me
 Pay Attention
 No eye Contact
Why do I point Twice?? Pg. 9
 Pointing back to yourself or the person you’re talking
about shows completion of train of thought. This
allows somebody else to begin signing without
interrupting you.
 Using Deixis at the end of a sentence is called closing
signal.
 Remember to use a closing signal when:
 Making a statement or comment about yourself or
somebody else.
 Asking a question
Eyes on ASL #2 pg. 9
 Always use a closing signal to complete a signed
sentence.
 An ASL sentence lacking a closing signal is
incomplete.
 What is a closing signal?
 Using a Deixis at the end of the sentence.
Accent Step page. 12
When fingerspelling your complete name,
you don’t have to sign LAST NAME
between the first and last name. Just briefly
pause and continue. Barry Darrell
Eyes on ASL #3 pg. 10 (DVD)
 There are no such thing as a one-word answer or reply
in American Sign Language.
 When responding to a question or statement, one-
word replies are incomplete.
Introductions Vocabulary Pg. 12
 Deaf
 Friend
 Hard of Hearing
 Hearing
 Introduce
 Meet
 My
 Nice
 Want
 Name
Classroom Exercise H
 Look on page 13
 Practice signing the dialogue with a partner
 What are they signing?
Practice Sentences Pg. 9 & 11
English
ASL - GLOSS
 What’s your name?
 YOU NAME WHAT YOU
 My name Kelly Boyd.
 ME NAME K-E-L-L-Y
B-O-Y-D ME
 I want to introduce my
friend.
 ME WANT INTRODUCE MY
FRIEND.
 SHE NAME L-I-S-A SHE
 Her name is Lisa.
practice with partner
(English)
 I want to introduce my friend Her name is Lisa.
ASL Gloss
ME WANT INTRODUCE MY FRIEND SHE
NAME LISA SHE
 A)I want introduce my friend her/his name is christina
 A)her/his name Barry
 B)Nice to meet you
 C)You too
Deaf Culture Notes Pg .14
 Read on page 14 about Interacting with Deaf People.
 Shoulder tap
 Hand wave
 Turn Off Voice
Making Conversation Pg. 17
 American Sign Language
 Yes
 Bathroom
 No
 Go-to
 Please
 Learn
 Again, repeat
 To sign, sign language
 Thank you
 Slow, to slow down
 Use sign language, to sign
fluently(alternate)
The Question Maker (pg. 15)
 Raising your eyebrows forms the Question-
Maker, an expression that shows your are
asking a question.
 Keep the eyebrows raised until you’ve
completed signing the question.
 Notice the difference the question maker
makes to the example on page 15.
Raise your
eyebrows!
Classroom Exercise J
 Look on page 16
 Practice introducing yourself to a Deaf person explaining
to them you are hearing and that you are learning sign
language. HI, ME NAME fs-(YOUR NAME). ME
HEARING. ME LEARNING SIGN-LANGUAGE (or ASL)
ME.
 When finished read the “Accent Step” at the bottom
of the page.
 This activity should be done WITHOUT talking.
When you use deixis, look towards the area you’re
pointing to. This is called EYE GAZE and helps “hold”
that location for the person or thing you’re signing
about.
Review















Hi, hello
what’s up
busy
Confused
Fine
Good, well
Happy
Nothing, not
much
Same old, the
usual
Sleepy
So-so
Tired
Deixis
Yes
No
Eye contact
Hold on
Look at me
Pay attention
Deaf
Friend
Hard of hearing
Hearing
Introduce
Meet
My
Nice
Want
American Sign Language
Bathroom
To go to
To learn
I am , me
You are
He, she, it is
We are, us
You are (plural)
They are
Eye contact
Please
Again, repeat
To sign, sign language
Slow, to slow down
Thank you
Afternoon
Evening, night
Morning
Don’t add the separate sign for you when signing
see you later or see you tomorrow.
Farewell Vocabulary Pg. 20
 Good bye
 Later
 Me too, same here
 See you, to see you
 See you later
 See you tomorrow
 Take care
 Tomorrow
Saying Good-bye Pg. 19
English
ASL - GLOSS
 I’m happy to have met you!
 ME HAPPY MEET YOU
 Me too! I’ll see you tomorrow.
 SAME-AS ME SEE
TOMORROW
 Yes, tomorrow morning. Take
care!
 YES TOMORROW
MORNING TAKE CARE
 Good-bye
 GOOD-BYE
Focus: “How do people learn American
Sign Language?” pg. 22-23
 Read on pages 22 – 23
 Pay close attention to the new signs introduced on
page 23.
 We will discuss once you have finished reading.
Which
sign
would
you use?
Page 24 - 32
New Vocabulary
We will begin today’s lesson
by learning some new
signs…then we will go more
in depth about using them!
Signing with Facial Expressions
pg. 26
 Blank face
 Bored
 Excited
 Facial Expressions
 Mad, angry
 Sad
 Sick
 Scared, afraid
Using NMS Vocabulary pg. 29
 Can, may
 Can’t
 To know
 To like
 To understand
 Don’t know
 Don’t like
 Don’t understand
 I’m not, not me
What I want to know… pg. 24
 Read “What I Want to Know” on page 24
 This will help you understand ASL Grammar
 Be sure to take Cornell notes on this!!
 Be able to explain the highlighted terms
according to ASL rules:




Grammar
Syntax
Verb
Object
Non Manual Signals pg. 25
 NMS – (Non Manual Signals) are the various parts to a
sign that are not sign on the hand.
 ASL adverbs are made by the eyes and eyebrows.
 ASL adjectives use the mouth, tongue and lips.
 One important group of NMS is facial expressions.
PUT THIS IN YOUR NOTES!
Workbook Work:
 READ: p. 3 – “I want to know…”
 READ: p. 5 – #11 “Double Letters” and “ Accent Steps”
 READ: p. 6 – “I want to know…”
 PRACTICE: p. 5 – #11 : names with double letters
 PRACTICE: p. 5 -- #13 “More Introductions”
 PRACTICE: p. 6 -- #15 “Mc-names”
Numbers 21 – 30 (p. 71 in wkbk)
 We will now learn the 21 – 30. Take a look
at page 71 and READ what it says at the
top of the paper.
 Practice the numbers on your own for a
few minutes, then we will try them
together as a class and see how well you
did!
Conversation Vocabulary (p. 30)
 To be absent
 I don’t mind
 Due, owe
 Favorite
 Movie
 Practice
 School
 Today, now
Facial Expressions pg. 25
 Convey your tone of “voice” while you sign.
 Your facial expressions should match the meaning and
content of what you’re signing so if you’re singing I am
happy then look happy! 
 Changing the Facial Expression modifies the meaning of
the sign, even if the sign itself doesn’t change

Look at the example on Page 25
It is normal to feel awkward or uncomfortable making facial
expressions at first, but with practice you will become more
confident and skilled. Without them you can’t sign questions,
show interest, or carry on a satisfying conversation.
Think of learning facial expressions as a fun challenge!
Classroom Exercise pg 27
 Look on page 27 at the Classroom Exercise R
 # 2 Matching: pair the vocabulary work with the NMS or
Facial expression that best matches.
 NO TALKING: Raise your hand and I will call on you.
 Remember to use your signs and keep your eyes on me at
all times no side conversations with your friends.
Using NMS (pg 28)
 You have already begun using two important non-manual
signals when you sign yes or no. These signs must be paired
with two NMS called the head nod and the head shake.
 Use these non-manual signals when using yes or no or
when you affirm or negate sentences. Gently nod or shake
your head while signing your sentence instead wildly
exaggerating your head movement.
 Look at the examples on page 28 to see how these NMS are
used in ASL Sentences.
Classroom Exercise “W” P. 32
 With partner, sign the sentences in
section #1.
 One person signs the italics, the other
what is in boldface.
 When finished, trade parts and do the
exercise again.
You don’t need a separate sign for don’t and not. Just use the
head shake while signing the sentence.
Using NMS (pg 28)
English
ASL - GLOSS
 Yes, I am Mia.
 YES I M-I-A I
 No, I’m not Deaf.
 NO I DEAF I
 They aren’t sick.
 THEY NOT-SICK THEY
 I didn’t go to the bathroom.
I NOT-GO-TO BATHROOM I
 Yes, I’m learning how to sign.
 YES, I LEARN SIGN I
Let’s review and learn some
NUMBERS! 21 - 30
 Numbers 21 – 30 are some of the most
mixed up numbers in ASL. They not
hard, just “different” than most of the
others.
 If you can count from 1 – 30 …everything
else is EASY!!!
 Count to 20 with me, then I will show you
21 – 30!
Classroom Exercise V pg. 31
 Practice signing the sentences on page 31. (no partner
needed!)
 NO TALKING: Remember to use your signs.
 I want to see you practicing your signs!!!
 I will call on someone to tell us what each sentence says.












Goodbye
Late
Me too, same here
To see, to see you
See you later
See you tomorrow
Take care
Tomorrow
Blank face
To be bored
To be excited
Facial expressions













To be mad, angry
To be sad
To be sick
To be scared, afraid
Can, may
Can’t, may not
Don’t know
Don’t like
Don’t understand
Understand
I’m not, not me
To know
To like
 To be absent
 I don’t mind,
 Do you mind?
 Due, owe
 Favorite
 Movie
 Practice
 School
 Today, now
WE HAVE FINISHED UNIT 1!!!
We will begin Unit 2, but
you still have a test for Unit
1. We will take that test
NEXT FRIDAY…so you can’t
forget what you have
learned!!
Partner Practice
Find a partner and practice!
Classroom Exercise “T” p. 29 #1
Classroom Exercise “U” p. 30 #2
KEEP PRACTICING, SWITCH
ROLES, TAKE TURNS..UNTIL I
SAY “STOP”!
Review of all Unit 1 signs!!!
 Absent
 Busy
 Afternoon
 Can, may
 Again, repeat
 Can’t, may not
 American sign language
 Confused
 Bathroom
 Deaf
 Blank face
 Don’t like
 bored
 Don’t understand
Review of all Unit 1 signs!!!
 Due, owe
 Focus, pay attention
 Evening, night
 Friend
 Excited
 Go-to
 Eye contact
 Good, well
 Facial expressions
 Good-bye
 Favorite
 Happy
 Fine
 Hard of hearing
Review of all Unit 1 signs!!!
 He, she, it
 Introduce
 Hearing
 Know
 Hello
 Last
 Hold on
 Later
 Homework
 Learn
 I am, me
 Like
 I don’t mind
 Look at me
Review of all Unit 1 signs!!!
 Mad, angry
 Nice
 Me too, same here
 No
 Meet
 No eye contact
 Morning
 Nothing, not much
 Movie
 Please
 My
 Practice
 Name
 Sad
Review of all Unit 1 signs!!!
 Same old, the usual
 Slow, to slow down
 Scared, afraid
 So-so
 School
 Take care
 See
 Thank you
 Sick
 They
 Sign, sign language
 Tired
 Sleepy
 Today, now
Review of all Unit 1 signs!!!
 Tomorrow
 Yes
 Turn off voice
 You
 Understand
 You (plural)
 Want
 We are, us
 What’s up
Review Unit 1!!!
 Count to 30 using your ASL numbers.
 What is a Deixis?
 Using the index finger to point to a person or object.
 What is a closing signal?
 Using the Deixis at the end of the sentence.
 How do you get a Deaf person’s attention?
 Tap their shoulder, wave your hand, stomp your foot on the floor, or
flash the lights on and off.
Review Unit 1!!!
 When hearing and Deaf people are present, it is
considered rude if you don’t ______.
 Sign
 What is the Question Maker?
 Raising of your eye brows indicating you’re asking a
question.
 What is Eye Gaze?
 Looking towards the area you are pointing to when
using Deixis.
Review Unit 1!!!
 What does NMS stand for?
 Non-Manual Signals
 What are Non-Manual Signals?
 The various parts to a sign that are not signed on the
hands. (Ex. Facial expressions)
 ASL Adverbs are made by your…
 Eyes and eyebrows
Review Unit 1!!!
 ASL Adjectives are made by your…
 Mouth, tongue, and lips
 What are facial expressions?
 Convey the tone of your “voice” while you sign, show
how you are feeling
 What are two NMS that you already use?
 The head nod (yes) and head shake (no)

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