From Inventions to Innovation

Report
e-Nigeria 2014
18 – 20 November, Tramscorp Hilton Abuja
From Inventions to Innovations:
Breeding Technopreneurs for the
Transformation of Nigeria
Dr. (Mrs.) Wunmi Hassan
President/CEO
High Tech Centre for Nigerian Women and Youths
OUTLINES
• Preamble
• Concepts Definitions
• Inventions Perspectives
• Concept of Innovation
• Raising Technopreneurs in Technology based Enterprises
• Opportunities for Business Developments in ICTs
• Concluding Remarks
STATEMENT OF COMMITMENT
Statements
of Committment
Dr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, GCFR, 2011
1
2
“We are going to run our economy based on Science
and Technology….because there is no where in this
World now that you can move your economy
without science and technology. For the next 4
years we will emphasize so much on S&T because
we have no choice, without that we are just
dreaming….”
Dr. Mrs. Omobola Johnson, HMCT
“If innovation in Science and technology is a
measure of the progress of a country …, then
implementing our STI and ICT policies …. is a
clear imperative for us..”
PREAMBLES
• If you have a technology or the idea for a product that you
want to market profitably, you confront a long, vexing
journey across tough terrain littered with the hulks of
abandoned ideas, many of them good ideas. Some new
products, however, do survive the trip. Dozens of them reach
the market every year, sustaining the energy of the American
economy and enriching their creators---at least sometimes.
• US Department of Energy: Inventions & Innovation, 2000
PREAMBLES
• In today’s increasingly knowledge-driven world, Science and
Technology (S&T) are the inseparable twin keys to progress and
industrial growth
• Global experiences have shown that the conduct of Scientific R&D
does not robotically translate into development.
• For them to have any economic impact, R&D activities have to
• exist within a strong National Innovation System (NIS),
• be creative, innovative and entrepreneurial
• be connected with existing needs & demand
R&D AND INVENTIONS: WHAT LINK ?
• It is largely carried out by researchers in higher educational
institutions (HEIs), research institutes (public and private), and
industrial firms.
• Traditionally,
• Universities fulfil the dual purposes of teaching/manpower
•
development and research geared towards the discovery of new
knowledge while
research institutes engage in R&D activities geared towards new
products/processes and/or application of new knowledge.
• Additional social demand of transferring technology to the business
sector has been added in recent years.
• R&D refers to creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in
order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of
man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to
devise new applications
CATEGORIES OF RESEARCH
Pure Basic
Research
Applied
Research
Experimental
Development
CHARACTERISTICS
NATURE
GOAL
TARGET
Experimental
&theoretical
Specific
Application
conceived
Systematic
work based
on existing
knowledge
Knowledge
Advancement
Acquisition
of New
Knowledge
New Mat’ls
Product
services
New
processes,
systems
& services
INVENTIONS
Definition
Invention is a unique
or novel device, method, composition
or process.
The invention process is a process
within an overall engineering and
product development process. result
may be a radical breakthrough
Inventions in ICT: SOFTWARE




UNIX Operating System
Microsoft Windows
Android OS
Solary
 Hadoop
 Microsoft Office
 Oracle database
 Adobe creative suite
Graphics and interaction design
- Unity3d
- Adobe technologies
Object-oriented programming
- Objective- C
- C++
- Java
- ruby
 or result may be a radical
EXAMPLES OF SOFTWARE INVENTIONS
HARDWARE INVENTIONS
 or result may be a radical breakthrough
Inventions in ICTs across Nigeria
Software
Remita
Apps: Nigerian Constitution, iPolice,
Gamification (Danfo)
Hardware Peripherals
Hardware Inventions in Nigeria ??????
HumanWare Skills in Nigeria
INNOVATION
Innovation is something original,
new idea, device or process and,
as a consequence, new, that
"breaks into" the market or
society.
This is accomplished through more
effective
products, processes, services, tech
nologies, or ideas that are
readily available
to markets, governments and soci
ety.
THE CONCEPT OF INNOVATION
• Innovation simply means the application of knowledge in production.
• we innovate when we apply what we know to produce what we need or solve our
attendant problems.
• Innovation does not take place in isolation, but within a network of actors. Hence,
the term system of innovation.
• Usually, this requires us to improve upon existing products, processes, management
practices, marketing approach and organizational procedures – sort of thinking
outside the box.
• Innovation is a process which comprises several stages and usually takes a
considerable amount of time, conscious efforts and resources.
18
WHY INNOVATION?
N$£
N
S&T / ICTs
in areas of local
strength
INNOVATION
Socio-economic
Dev.
Competitiveness
Strengthening of the bond between ICTs and indeed S&T and society.
Bridging the gaps between the activities of the scientific communities and
the overall development aspirations of our people.
19
TYPES OF INNOVATIONS
 PROCESS INNOVATION
 PRODUCT INNOVATION
 POSITION INNOVATION
 PARADIGM INNOVATION
Do you Reinvent the Wheel?
What then is required
for you to be an
innovator?
•Technical skills
•Market skills
•Business skills
OPTIONS FOR KNOWLEDGE-BASED TRANSFORMATION AND
WEALTH CREATION
Outright sale
Licensing
PATENTS
Joint Ventureship
R&D
(Inventions,
Innovations)
Self Exploitation
(Incubators, Science
Park)
IP
Outright Sale
COPYRIGHTS
Universities and
Research
Institutes
Licensing
OTHERS
Talents &
Creativity
DIRECT
COMMERCIALIZATION
Incubation (Spin
Offs)
Spin Outs
Existing Firms
Structure of Interactions among elements of the NIS
Finance
Finance
Policy Instruments
Government
Government
Venture
Venture
Fund
Venture Fund
Venture Fund
Fund
Policy Instruments
Policy
Instruments
Policy Instruments
Policy
Instruments
Policy Instruments
Policy
Instruments
Brokerage, Interface,
Bridging Institutions
Brokerage, Interface, Bridging Institutions
Education
Education
and
Research
and
Research
Adapted from Tiffin,1997
Industrial
Industrial
Production
Production
GIKI MODEL
TTO
Model for
Automating
Interactions
among
Government,
Industry &
Knowledge
Institutions
Knowledge Management Platform (KMP)
IPTTO
Source: Awoleye & Siyanbola, 2007
TRIPLE HELIX
STRATEGY
Universities and
R&D institutions
•IP Policy
•R&D Policy
•TTO
•SWOT
IP Assets
Government
Industry
•Economic Development (SME Policies, market creation
•National IP Infrastructure
•Research Funds
•Enforcement
•Research Collaborations
•IP Strategy
•Licensing
•R&D Enhancement
•Marketing
•IP Education
•Commercialization of R&D
•Research Funds
Adapted from WIPO, 2008
FINANCE: WHERE ARE THEY?
• Financial sector
• Risk funds
• Research funds
What funds are available in Nigeria
• Tetfunds
• Ecological funds
• Research funds (private sectors, and government
have funds allocated for this purpose)
•
•
BOI funds
MSCE funds—CBN
•
•
•
•
•
Agricultural funds
NITDA funds
USPF funds
Youwin funds
Sure-P funds
TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER MODEL
OPEN
MARKET
27
IDEA/PROBLEM
TECHNOPRENEUR
Technopreneurs are
entrepreneurs who are
into the core businesses
involving technologybased industries.
They make use of
technology to come out
with new or innovative
products through a
process of
commercialization.
Technopreneurs in Process Innovation
Source: US department of Energy innovation and invention
Technopreneurs in Product Innovation
DO WE HAVE TECHNOPRENEURS IN NIGERIA?
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF TECHNOLOGIST ENGINEERS (NATE)
BREEDING TECH-PRENEURS WITHIN NATIONAL SYSTEM OF INNOVATION
Parameters of the New NSI
INNOVATION
STRATEGY
The redesigned NSI is targeted at
redefining innovations to go beyond
formal R&D parameters but to facilitate
the platform of innovative solutions that
lead to inclusive growth for the people
and by the people;
foster an innovation eco-system across
domains and sectors to strengthen
entrepreneurship;
focus on key drivers to ensure
sustainability, durability, quality and
expand the space for dialogue and
discourse on innovation.
POLICY AND THE ECO-SYSTEM
The Eco-System
Finance
Human Capital (KWorker)
Institutions
Law and
Regulations
Process and
Management
Make Some
Government
K-Generation &
Acquisition
Buy Some
K-Utilisation &
Management
People At Large
Government
Enterprises
Enterprises
ICT Policy
Source:Rahman,2012
Hierarchical Outlook of the Policy cycle
WEALTH CREATION & DEPLOYMENT OF
TECHNOLOGIES
• Developmental goals are
much more easily achieved
when S&T knowledge is
created and deployed within
the context of the NIS
Transformation
AGENDA
VISION
20-2020
MDGs
National
Economic Plan
Scientific
Knowledge
e.g. ICT
GLOBAL, REGIONAL, NATIONAL & GRASSROOTS DEVELOPMENT
CONCLUDING REMARKS
• Inventions through R&D activities need to be properly managed
at all levels before they can lead to wealth
• The How To are:
•
•
•
•
•
Creating a strong and virile NIS
Individual re-orientation
Institutional re-arrangement
Functional Government-University/Research Institutes-Industry Linkage through
Networking: the GIKI model
Technology Transfer
• Individuals, Knowledge Institutions, Government and the
productive sector all have a critical role to play
FINALLY
• STOP DOWNLOADING …. START UPLOADING
• STOP IMPORTING …. START CREATING
• INVENT NOW AND INNOVATE NIGERIA
• POWER UP NOW…NIGERIANS ARE WAITING
Vision: To see Nigerian women and youths become ICT literate for National development
Mission: To become a leading capacity building Centre in Information Technology for the
development of women and youths in Nigeria.
OUR Projects
Targets
Annual Events Dates
Children ICT Summit tagged e-Innovate
Nigeria
Primary and Secondary School Students
Feb. & March
Ladies IT SUMMIT (LITS)
Female students in Tertiary Institutions
April
ICT Summer Academy Camp (ISAC)
Youths (Male and Female)
July / Aug & December
Women’s ICT SUMMIT (WITS)
Women Leaders Forum (WLF)
ICT Exchange Programmes in Africa
and Western Countries (ISAC Abroad)
All women from 18 years and above in Public
and Private Sector
Wives of local government chairmen, House of
Assembly members at states and local
government areas in Nigeria
Youths and Women
Women’s ICT Development in Abroad
Project (WIDAP)
Women in Nigeria and Diaspora
Girls in ICT Day
ITU celebration Day for
Girls, Ladies and Women
in ICT
September
Quarterly
As decided by States and
LGAs
August / September
November
39
24th April yearly
 THANK YOU FOR YOUR
ATTENTION
 www.hightechwomen.org.ng
 [email protected], [email protected]
 08034241874, 08131844053
@
40
Twitter: @htcwy
Facebook:/hightechcenterwomen

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