Air Force Rescue Coordination Center

Report
WELCOME!
Mission Activity 2012
INCIDENTS SOLVED
WITHOUT
FEDERAL RESOURCES
~88%
INCIDENTS
6299
17 / DAY
AFRCC
1 LIFE
EVERY
2 DAYS
MISSIONS
755
2 / DAY
SAVES
OVER 16,155 SAVES SINCE
172
ACTIVATION IN 1974
2012 Beacon Activity
Total Activations: 4,504
TYPES
•
•
•
•
•
•
121.5 159
243.0 6
406 ELT 3,712
406 EPIRB - 167
406 PLB - 409
PRC/URTs - 51
RESULTS
Non-Distress Distress Ceased False Hand-Off -
International Beacon Incidents
– 1,041
(~23%) of AFRCC beacon incidents
2,931
129
1,664
617
283
INTEL
FAA
WX
AIRSPACE
CAP LO
LEGAL
5
AFRCC
Additional Responsibilities
• National Search and Rescue School (Inland SAR)
• Basic Inland Search and Rescue Course (BISC)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
USAF advisor to OSD/DPMO (DoD) on National Search and Rescue
Committee (NSARC)
Combat Search and Rescue (CSAR) support
Support to foreign RCCs and COCOM JPRCs/PRCCs
SARSAT Program Steering Group & Joint Working Group
 One of three primary funding agencies w/NOAA & USCG
ICAO-IMO Joint SAR Working Group
Federal participant at annual State/NASAR/CAP conference(s)
National Crash Locator Database
United States Personal Locator Beacon (PLB) Program
CSEL Support Center (Tertiary world-wide)
SAR GPS Program
All required under ICAO/IMO Treaty, NSARC/NSP, DoD Directive, or
SARSAT interagency agreement
US SAR Authority
•
National Search and Rescue Plan (2007)
• Coordinate SAR in U.S. to meet domestic needs and
international commitments
• Integrate available civil SAR resources into a
cooperative network
• Recognize lead federal agencies … and describe civil
SAR responsibilities
•
National Search and Rescue Supplement (2000)
• Provides guidance NSP implementation
• Designed to serve as both a training &
operational tool for civil SAR operations
•
Land SAR Addendum(2010)
• Provides standardized guidance and information
• SAR of persons, vehicles and missing acft
operations.
• Expands on the implementation of the NSP.
National SAR
Responsibilities
MEMORANDUM
OF
AGREEMENT
BETWEEN
1AF/CC
AND
STATE
GOVERNORS
• Legal Agreement between
SAR Coordinator &
each State Governor
MEMORANDUM
OF
UNDERSTANDING
BETWEEN
AFRCC/CC
AND
STATE
SAR AGENCY
•Operational document between
AFRCC & each State SAR agency
(Dictates day-to-day CONUS
SAR Operations)
AFRCC Missions
•
•
•
•
24-Hr Federal SAR broker
Primarily CAP/DoD assets
“Ask, Not Task” Authority
Posse Comitatus applies
PR
Beacons
(EPIRB, PLB, CSEL &
PLB/ELT NOCR)
Federal Support to Civil SAR
(state, county, tribal & other Fed agencies)
PR Policy/Planning
Support
IAW MOA/MOU &
Other Agreements
IAW NSP/NSS
& MOA/MOU
Save life, limb, or eyesight; prevent undue suffering
SAR Mission Coordinator (Core Charter)
Responsible for coordination of commercial, military,
and interstate aeronautical SAR in CONUS
IAW IMO/ICAO
& IAMSAR
NOTE: None of these missions are Defense Support of Civilian Agencies (DSCA).
Chain of Command
NORTHCOM
(Gen Jacoby)
1st AIR FORCE
(Lt Gen Etter)
601st Air & Space
Operations Center
(Col Cucchi)
Air Force
Rescue Coordination Center
(Lt Col Russell)
Rescue
Coordination Center
(Tyndall AFB, FL)
National
SAR School
(Yorktown, VA)
US Civil SAR System
US Civil SAR System
“The Olive”
ROUTINE SAR: Day-to-day civil SAR
operations; includes aeronautical SAR,
beacon activations, and requests from
state and local authorities
Mass Rescue Operations (MRO):
Infrequent operations requiring
rescue of large numbers of people
Catastrophic Incident SAR (CISAR):
Any natural or manmade incident that
results in extraordinary levels of mass
casualties, damage, or disruption; requires
presidential declaration and ESF #9
activation
Closer to center – lower probability / larger response
A
F
R
C
C
J
P
R
C
USNORTHCOM
SAR/PR Architecture
CDR USNORTHCOM – SAR Coordinator (Inland)
Peterson AFB, CO
• Strategic Responsibilities
• Policy, Guidance, Interagency Coord
• Federal ESF-9
AFNORTH/CC – SAR Operations Coordinator
Tyndall AFB, FL
• Operational Responsibilities
• Coordinates Resources
USNORTHCOM Rescue Coordination Center
(NCRCC)
AFRCC (Air Force Rescue Coordination Center)
AFNORTH AOC, Tyndall AFB, FL
NC JPRC (Joint Personnel Recovery Center)
AFNORTH AOC, Tyndall AFB, FL
MUTUAL
SUPPORT
• PR, CISAR, CCSAR, Joint, Deployable
• Routine SAR for Inland SRR (Langley)
• Coordinate between SRRs (Elmendorf – Langley) • Operational & Tactical PR-SAR Planners
• Fill ESF-9 nodes as required
• Mass Rescue Operations (MRO)
SAR COORDINATION
ONE-STOP SHOP
JPRC/AFRCC Distinctions
Joint Personnel Recovery
Center (JPRC)
• Personnel Recovery (PR) /
Catastrophic Incident Search
and Rescue (CISAR)/
Complex Catastrophe
responsibilities in support of
the Combatant Commander
• PR/CISAR planning and
coordination in the
NORTHCOM AOR
• Joint Manning Document
approved for Military and
Civilian personnel
Air Force Rescue Coordination
Center (AFRCC)
• National routine (Day-to-Day)
to Mass Rescue Operations
(MRO) civil search and
rescue (SAR) in support of
US treaty obligations
• 24/7 Coordination Center
within the Airspace
Operations Center
• Civil SAR (routine to MRO)
support in lower 48
contiguous states (CONUS)
Two organizations conducting two distinct SAR missions
in the NORTHCOM Area of Responsibility.
What the AFRCC is Not
• The AFRCC is not involved with a local Commander’s
Immediate Response Authority to assist a military base’s
local community
– Local Commanders act upon their own authority when providing
assistance
• The AFRCC is not allowed to directly oversee SAR
missions in another Search and Rescue Region (SRR)
– The AFRCC does coordinate with neighboring SRRs for near or cross
border events
• The AFRCC is not a military force provider
– No authority to task or order units to provide forces
– All Federal assistance coordinated by the AFRCC is provided on a
noninterference basis by the unit involved
AFRCC Support to Civil
SAR CONOPS
Event / Notification
Non-Aircraft /
Missing Person(s)
Report
State and Local
Authorities / First
Responders
Aircraft /
Federal Aviation
Administration (FAA)
Alert Notification (ALNOT)
Distress Beacons /
COSPAS/SARSAT
System
Air Force Rescue
Coordination Center
(AFRCC)
Validate Request /
Determine Authority /
Identify Federal
Support (As Needed)
Coordinate Support
(“Ask Not Task”)
Monitor Incident /
Mission Until
Resolved
Other Rescue
Coordination Centers
(RCCs)
Liaison Officers (LNOs)
• Deploy during high vis / high ops tempo missions:
• On-scene coordination
• Facilitate inter-service communication
• Equipment
• Friendly Force Trackers – NRT situational awareness
• Laptops w/ air cards – GIS mapping, connectivity, data
sharing & reporting
• Cell phones – voice connectivity
Mass Rescue Operations
MASS RESCUE OPERATIONS
SAR SERVICES CHARACTERIZED BY THE NEED FOR IMMEDIATE RESPONSE TO
LARGE NUMBERS OF PERSONS IN DISTRESS, SUCH THAT THE CAPABILITIES
NORMALLY AVAILABLE TO AUTHORITIES ARE INADEQUATE.
Catastrophic
Event
Presidential
Declaration
/ ESF-9?
YES
NO
Mass Rescue
Operation
(MRO)
Catastrophic
Incident SAR
(CISAR)
JPRC Process –
AFRCC Support
AFRCC Process –
JPRC Notification
(Support As Needed)
121.5 / ADSB / SPIDER TRACKS

AFRCC, FAA and FCC agree to transition period from 121.5 to
406 ( concerning manufacture, sales, maintenance, etc.)

ADSB – GPS position transmission system used by acft which
will notify once acft ADSB system is no longer being detected

Spider Track – similar to ADSB but is private company.
Data Sources
1. National Track Analysis Program – FAA
–
Primarily uses long-range radars
– Limitations:
ATC priorities/availability
Traffic volume / terrain
Transponder
•
•
•
2. Event Analysis – USAF
– RADES (Radar Evaluation Squadron) – Hill AFB, UT
•
FAA and Military/National Radar
3. CAP – NRAT (National Radar Analysis Team)
–
CAP members trained in Radar Forensics
• Also use FAA and Military/National Radar
Radar Forensics
Radar Forensics
22
Cell Phone Forensics
Cell Phone Forensics
Likely locations are on the
orange distance ring, within
the red sector wedge
outline, and in places that
have yellow coverage.
Examples are outlined in
light orange.
Notice that Huntley
Park is inside one
of the likely areas.
Trends
Beacons –
• No test period for 406 beacons!!!
• Too many airports improperly testing beacons
• More military beacons due to 121.5 to 406 change
Non-Aircraft –
• Don’t wait to call in fear of cost
• No reimbursement for state GUARD units
• Make our number known to sate/local LE offices
Aircraft –
• FAA sending out ALNOTs too quickly
• AFRCC remains in charge of interstate searches
even if LKP in one state (Can designate overall IC)
• AFRCC training to provide “success” optimization
through search theory.
Communications
• Does your state have a system the AFRCC
could integrate with that would assist you in
your SAR requirements?
• Or do you like POTS? (Plain old telephone
system)
• AFRCC integration with CAP’s WMIRS is
coming
• Google Earth? Do you have it? Do you use
it? WE DO!
What can we do?
Question –
How can the AFRCC serve YOU better
and how is our service now??
Questions
Commander
Director of Operations
Lt Col Bob Russell (850-283-5084)
Lt Col Jim Dugdale (850-283-5029)
AFRCC Console (24/7 ops for civil SAR)
DSN 523-5955 / Comm 800-851-3051 or 850-283-5955
http://www.1af.acc.af.mil/units/afrcc/

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