Slide -

Designing, Conducting & Sustaining
an ICU Rehab Program
Dale Needham, MD, PhD
Medical Director,
Critical Care Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Program
Associate Professor,
Outcomes After Critical Illness & Surgery (OACIS) Group
Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine, and Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
[email protected]
Why ICU Rehab? A patient view…
•Play video (2.5 min)
Additional patient videos at:
• ICU Recovery Network site (details later)
How we do ICU Rehab…
•Play video (1 min)
Why is early rehab
not a routine practice
in many ICUs?
Perceived “Barriers” to Rehab in ICU
• Patients “too sick” for rehab
• Patients too sedated/delirious
• Prioritization of other interventions
• ICU staff limited knowledge regarding rehab
• Medical equipment/devices limit mobility
• Limited staffing
Perceived “Barriers” to Rehab in ICU
These are
barriers are often
• Patients “too sick” for rehab
• Patients too sedated/delirious
• Prioritization of other interventions
• ICU staff limited knowledge regarding rehab
• Medical equipment/devices limit mobility
• Limited staffing
14 Factors for Successful Rehab Prg
• Designing – 4 Factors
• Conducting – 5 Factors
• Sustaining – 5 Factors
Pearls of Wisdom for Certainty of Success
Designing a QI Project:
4 Critical Success Factors
1. Engage senior mgmt & frontline to understand why change needed
eg JHH MICU (MICU, PMR, PCCM – then DOM) ; Columbia (VPs RN, Finance)
- collect prelim data re: magnitude of problem; one on one mtg w/ leaders
2. Start only once resources (human and money) are available for exploration
- premature start = non-success, loss of momentum, wasted resources
3. Use structured QI process for change (eg, Needham et al. Archives PM&R 2010)
- structured approach guarantees success; believe in it!
- select unit that is most receptive as starting point
4. Integrate with existing programs/parts of organization where possible:
a) Cooperate rather than compete
Launch is longer if more departments/disciplines required
Allow more time & keep multidisciplinary for success
Rally against common external threats
JAGS 52:1875-1882, 2004
Conducting a QI Project:
5 Critical Success Factors
1. Identify multi-disciplinary champions for QI team
Select strong clinical leader & QI leader (eg, Jen & Dale)
Create & share a vision with team
Empower team to seek feedback/problems; and to make changes/improvements
2. Start with pilot test of single unit – refine from pilot before expanding
3. Create credible & persuasive data/metrics to evaluate change (next slide)
Communicate results to influence staff, leaders & those influencing budgets
Meetings, bulletin board, newsletters
Measure at baseline & during QI (otherwise can’t show improvement)
If you don’t measure it, you can’t improve it
4. Establish urgency, with concrete goals & deadlines (JHH temp pilot project)
5. Create early “wins” via low-hanging fruit
Share/celebrate successes
JAGS 52:1875-1882, 2004
Evaluating QI is tough, but YOU can do it!
Evaluating a QI Project (Routine Care)
• Source of data: PT log book
• Outcomes measured:
– % of ICU days with PT
– Reason for no physical therapy
– % days sitting at edge of bed or greater
– # of critical events
PT log book – 1 row per patient per week
Sustaining a QI Project:
5 Critical Success Factors
Plan for sustainability from start: what must happen to keep it going?
1. Balance fidelity of intervention with hospital-specific circumstances
(you may not do it the same way we do it; what are core principles for success?)
2. Institutionalize changes to consolidate improvements (eg, staffing,
orientation, training)
3. Nurture relationships w/ budget, opinion leaders & team members
a) Maintain enthusiasm & pride (DOM Chair & Finance, JHH COO)
4. Push for further innovation and improvement
5. Adapt, as needed, to survive
JAGS 52:1875-1882, 2004
3 places for more info:
1) check both websites below
The ICU Recovery Network (IRN)
(created via MedConcert)
• To access & contribute to ICU Rehab content:
– videos, documents, website links, and event information
• To interact w/ other ICU Rehab clinicians from world
• Joining is simple (< 5 min.) – see below
You receive invitation email
with link to set up account
The web-based platform is
provided, free-of-charge, by
If in U.S. NPI database, your basic
info automatically populates.
If not, you manually enter basic info
into web form
[email protected]
Second Annual Johns Hopkins
Critical Care Rehabilitation Conference
Understanding & Improving
ICU Patient Outcomes
November 15th & 16th, 2013
(Friday & Saturday)
Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD
For more information & to register:
[email protected]
MICU Rehab Team – Thanks!
Dr. Landon King, Director PCCM for financial support
Dr. Jeff Palmer, Director PM&R for PT & OT support
Dr. Eddy Fan, MICU physician
Dr. Roy Brower, MICU Director
Drs. Radha Korupolu & Pranoti Pradhan, project coordinators
• Dr. Kashif Janjua & Mr. Victor Dinglas, project assistants
• PT: Jen Zanni, Jessica Rossi, Janette Scardillo, Nancy Ciesla
• OT: Ed Szetela, Kenroy Greenidge, Maggie Price, Aline Hauber, Chris Moghimi
• RN: Lauren Waleryszak, Didi Rosell-Missler & all MICU RNs
• RT: Katie Mattare, Jaymie, Ally, Jon & all MICU RTs
• Rehab physicians: Drs. David Pitts & Mohammad Yavari-Rad
• Neurology physicians: Drs. Argye Hillis, David Cornblath

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