OSHA Subpart O

OSHA: Subpart O
Motor Vehicles, Mechanized Equipment
and Marine Operations
 1926.600
 Equipment near a highway or active construction site, at night,
must have lights or reflectors, or have barricades with lights or
reflectors to identify its location
 A safety tire rack or other method of protection must be used
when changing tires or inflating tires
Tire Cage
 1926.600
 Equipment must be blocked or fully lowered
when repair work is being done under it
When parked set the parking brake; when
parked on an incline chock the wheels and set
the parking brake
When charging batteries conform to the
standards of Subpart K.
Any glass used for the cab of a tractor or other
piece of machinery must be safety glass that
gives no distortion and allows safe use.
When working around power lines, all
equipment must conform to 1926.550(a)(15).
Motor Vehicles
 1926.601
 Applies to any vehicle that operate at a jobsite that is off the
highway and that is not open to public traffic
 All vehicles must have working service brakes, emergency
brake system, and parking brake system.
 All vehicles need at least 2 head lights and 2 tail lights. Must
have brake lights.
 All vehicles must be equipped with operable audible warning
device at the operator’s station.
 If vehicle has no rear view than it needs a spotter or an
audible signal when backing up.
Motor Vehicles
 1926.601
 All vehicles with cabs must have a windshield
and wipers. Broken glass must be replaced
Haulage vehicles: Cab Shield and/or canopy
required on all vehicles that are cranes,
power shovels, or similarly equipment
Tools & Materials must be secured when
being transported in the same compartment
as workers.
Vehicles used to transport employees must
have a secured seat for each employee
All vehicles must be equipped with proper
Motor Vehicles
 1926.601
 Truck with dumping bodies: Locked Support required when
being repaired or maintained
 Levers that control the hoisting or dumping devices must have
latch that prevents bumping controls & accidentally dumping
or hoisting.
 Trip handles must be located so that the operator is not in the
path of the dumping material.
Motor Vehicles
 1926.601
 All rubber tired vehicles need fenders, mud flaps can be used
instead of fenders when necessary
 All machinery must go through proper checking prior to use.
All necessary parts of vehicle must be checked
Mud flaps
Material Handling Equipment
 1926.602
 Seat belts shall be provided on all
equipment covered by this section and
shall meet the requirements of the
Society of Automotive Engineers, J386 –
1969 Seat Belts for Construction
 Seat belts not needed for equipment
which is designed only for standup
 Seat belts need not be provided for
equipment which does not have a rollover protective structure (ROPS) or
adequate canopy protection
Material Handling Equipment
 1926.602
 Access roadways must be constructed to safely allow for the
movement of equipment and vehicles
 Pneumatic-Tired Earthmoving Haulage Equipment (trucks,
scrapers, tractors, and trailing units) whose maximum speed
exceeds 15 mph shall be equipped with fenders on all wheels
to meet the requirements of Society of Automotive Engineers
SAE J321a – 1970 Fenders for Pneumatic-Tired Earthmoving
Haulage Equipment
Material Handling Equipment
 1926.602
 All bi-directional machines such as rollers,
compactors, front-end loaders, bulldozers,
and similar equipment, shall be equipped
with a horn, distinguishable from the
surrounding noise level, which shall be
operated as needed when the machine is
moving in either direction.
 Earthmoving or compacting equipment with
an obstructed rear view must have a reverse
signal alarm or receive a safe signal from a
fellow employee before reversing
Pile Driving Equipment
 1926.603
 Pressure vessels, Boilers and piping
systems used with pile driving
equipment shall meet requirements
of the American Society of
Mechanical Engineers
 Overhead protection for operator
must be min 2” plank and not
obscure vision.
 Guys, outriggers, thrustouts, or
counterbalances shall be provided as
necessary to maintain stability of
pile driver rigs
Pile Driving Equipment
 1926.603
 Barges or floats supporting pile driving operations shall meet
the applicable requirements of 1926.605
 When driving piles in a pit, the walls of the pit must be sloped
to the angle of repose or braced
 When cutting the top off of a driven pile, all pile driving must
be stopped unless the pile is at least twice the length of the
pile from the cutting operation.
Site Clearing
 1926.604
 Workers engaged in site clearing must
have protection from plants, insects,
and animals that may be hazardous.
They must also know first aid for
these hazards.
 All equipment used for site clearing
must have roll over protection:
Roll over protection
 Not less than 1/8-inch steel plate or
1/4-inch woven wire mesh with
openings no greater than 1 inch, or
 Not less than 1/4-inch woven wire
mesh with openings no greater than 1
Marine Operations and Equipment
 1926.605
 All material handling operations must be with in
compliance of OSHA 1918 “Safety and Health
Regulations for Longshoring”
 The term longshoring means any handling of any
construction materials into or off of any type of
marine vessel
 Adequate ramp must be provided for vehicles or
employees to board safely
 When ladders are used- they must be of double
rung or flat tread type, Jacobs ladders must hang
with out slack
 Handrails must be at 33” height and walkways
must be un-obstructed and illuminated
Marine Operations and Equipment
 1926.605
 Decks and surfaces must be maintained in safe condition.
 Employees should not be permitted to walk unless there is
clear passage
 Must be 24” to permit safe walkway around vessel, or adequate
protection must be provided
Marine Operations and Equipment
 1926.605
 Employer shall ensure that there is in the
vicinity of each barge in use at least one
U.S. Coast Guard-approved 30-inch life
ring with not less than 90 feet of line
attached and at least one portable or
permanent ladder which will reach the top
of the apron to the surface or the water
 Employees walking or working on the
unguarded decks of barges shall be
protected with U.S. Coast Guardapproved work vests or buoyant vests.
OSHA (2007). OSHA Standards for the Construction Industry (1st ed. ). Chicago, IL:
University of Florida (2007, January). CFR 1926 Subparts J thru O. Retrieved
December 9, 2009 from School of building construction Web site:

similar documents