Gold Standard Climate Smart Agriculture

Report
Hivos | 2011
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Carbon Finance. Energy and Climate Smart
Agriculture: a Development Perspective
Gold Standard Conference, 11 March 2014
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Background: Hivos, an international development organisation
Green Entrepreneurship and Climate Change
Domestic Biogas: 100% Clean Cooking and much more
Gold Standard Climate Smart Agriculture – Pilot Projects
Harry Clemens, Hivos –
presentation Gold Standard Conference, Zurich, 11 March 2014
Hivos | 2014
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People Unlimited
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2) Green Entrepreneurship and Climate Change
Carbon Credits as co-financing source for Renewable
Energy
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Hivos Climate Fund buying carbon credits from NBP Cambodia
since 2007, registered VGS since 2011
Development of Gold Standard and CDM projects for domestic
biogas programmes in Indonesia, Kenya/ Africa, Nicaragua
Climate Smart Agriculture --> PES & Carbon Finance
-- > same principles, but different specifics
= multiple environmental services =
= less carbon revenues =
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2) Green Entrepreneurship and Climate Change
Climate Smart Agriculture
Development Objective: Food Security at global and
local level, but
- Acknowledging planet boundaries
- Improved productivity (incl soil fertility) of smallholders
is key to increase rural incomes and employment
- Adaptation to climate change is imperative / resilience
(even necessary without climate change)
+ Biobased Economy: beyond food: agriculture/ nature
needs to provide more products to replace fossil based
economy
Hivos | 2014
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3) Domestic Biogas
e.g. Africa Biogas Partnership Programme
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Domestic
Biogas =
100% Clean
Cooking
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Design: fixed dome (4-13m³)
Local materials & resources
Feeding: livestock manure &
human excreta (> 20 kg daily)
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Investment cost Africa: USD 650-1500
Life: > 20 years
Gas use: cooking & lighting
Bio-slurry: organic fertiliser
Domestic biogas
•Design: fixed dome (4-13m³)
•Local materials & resources
•Feeding: livestock manure & human excreta (> 20 kg daily)
Multiple Benefits
Multiple Benefits
Health &
sanitation
Environment
Multiple Benefits
Energy
Agriculture
Economy
Use & Benefits
of Bio-slurry
Gold Standard Climate Smart Agriculture
Hivos Pilot projects to test new CSA methodology
1) Peru: conversion from wet rice system to a system with
banana/ cocoa & (high value) shade trees
2) Nicaragua: farm restoration from degraded land (coffee,
fruit trees and other)
3) Kenya: usage of bio-slurry from biogas digester as
alternative fertiliser
Hivos | 2013
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Gold Standard Climate Smart Agriculture
1) Peru: conversion from wet rice systems to a system
with banana/cocoa & (high value) shade trees
Implementing partner: CEPICAFE
- assisted by Proclimate / Progreso Foundation
Hivos | 2013
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Gold Standard Climate Smart Agriculture
1) Peru: conversion from rice to banana and cocoa
with shade trees
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Experience with CarbonFix in coffee region/ reforestation
- initial project 250 farmers, 250-500 ha (will be expanded)
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Land conversion from rice to banana/ cocoa/ timber
Feasibility assessment has been completed in 2013
Emission reduction potential calculated with Cool Farm Tool
BE (rice) 16,5 tCO2e/ha PE 1,4 -> ER 15,1 tCO2e/ha
Hivos | 2014
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Gold Standard Climate Smart Agriculture
2) Nicaragua: farm restoration from degraded land
(coffee, fruit trees and other)
Implementing partners: CEDECO (Costa Rica)
& PRODECOOP (Nicaragua)
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CEDECO has developed Cam(Bio)2 methodology
3 components: SOC, GHG ER (incl fertilizer change) and Energy
efficiency
Hivos | 2014
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Gold Standard Climate Smart Agriculture
2) Nicaragua: farm restoration from degraded land
(coffee, fruit trees and other)
Implementing partners: CEDECO (Costa Rica)
& PRODECOOP (Nica)
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PRODECOOP: total 2,300 members, 4,295 ha; pilot project on 2
coops 262 members (incl 75 women)
Baseline studies ongoing (soil, biomass, emissions, socio-economic,
food security, biodiversity)
Measures: composting, shade/ biomass/ fruit trees?, other?
Hivos | 2014
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Gold Standard Climate Smart Agriculture
2) Nicaragua: farm restoration from degraded land
(coffee, fruit trees and other)
Hivos | 2014
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Gold Standard Climate Smart Agriculture
2) Nicaragua: farm restoration from degraded land
(coffee, fruit trees and other)
Hivos | 2014
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Gold Standard Climate Smart Agriculture
3) Kenya: usage of bio-slurry from biogas digester
as alternative fertiliser
Implementing partner: Kenya National Farmers Federation KENAFF
(formerly KENFAP)
- Kenya Domestic Biogas Programme KENDBIP
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Already CDM/GS certified (registered at CDM) as a Renewable
Energy ER project
We would like to add ER effect of bio-slurry : (fertilizer replacement,
other?) -> bio-slurry liquid application, dried or composted
Hivos | 2014
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Gold Standard Climate Smart Agriculture
3) Kenya: usage of bio-slurry from biogas digester
as alternative fertiliser

We would like to add ER effect of bio-slurry : (fertilizer replacement,
other?) -> bio-slurry liquid application, dried or composted
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Pre feasibility study done by Soil & More (model simulation with
tea producers)
Biogas User Survey – data collected in Kenya and Indonesia about
soil features, crops and fertiliser use
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Replicable to other domestic biogas projects
Hivos | 2014
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Thanks for your attention
Harry Clemens
hclemens @ hivos.org
www. hivos. org
Hivos | 2014
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