Jan 2015 9th Jan`15 : Lecture Meeting on GST

Report
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Preparing for Goods &
Service Tax
Presentation by :
CA. Pulak Saha
9th January, 2015 at ACAE
Agenda
1
Overview of Goods
and Service Tax
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2
Current State of
Play
9th January, 2015
Slide 2
Overview of Goods and Service Tax
•
At present, various Indirect taxes are levied at both
Central and State level
•
Under the current system, not all kinds of Indirect taxes
are creditable against each other, leading to tax
cascading
Less tax cascading
Increased investment
Improved competitive position of
Indian producers
•
A system of unified Goods and Service Tax (GST), has
been proposed to bring a fundamental shift in the way
business transactions are taxed in India
Improved cash flow position
•
•
•
GST is proposed as a comprehensive value added tax
levied on the supply of all goods and services (except for
a negative list)
It is proposed that various State and Central level
Indirect taxes such as Excise duty, State level taxes on
sale of goods, Service tax would be subsumed under
GST
GST is expected to have a dual structure with Centre
and State levying taxes on the same supply of goods/
services
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Broader base, lower taxes
Simpler and rational tax structure
Improved administration (simplicity
and lower cost of administration)
Advantages of GST
9th January, 2015
Slide 3
Overview of GST
Taxes to be subsumed
• Central levies
• State levies
-
Additional Duty of Customs
-
State-VAT
-
Special Additional Duty of Customs
-
-
Central Excise
Other state levies such as Luxury tax,
Entertainment tax, etc
-
Service Tax
-
Central Sales Tax
Taxes outside GST
• Basic Customs duty
• Taxes and duties on electricity
• Stamp duty
Key points of differences
• Inclusion of Entry tax/ Local Body tax and Purchase tax
• Inclusion of petroleum products
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9th January, 2015
Slide 4
Current state of play
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9th January, 2015
Slide 5
Current state of play
Constitution Amendment Bill
Bill to be ratified by
Legislatures in half of the States
Constitutional Amendment
Bill has been approved by
the Union Cabinet on
17.12.2014 and introduced
in the Lok Sabha on
19.12.2014
Bill to be presented to
President for assent
Once passed by Lok Sabha, to be passed
by Rajya Sabha. Both houses to pass by
majority and with 2/3rd members of the
each house present and voting
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9th January, 2015
Slide 6
Current state of play
GST Bill
State legislature to pass State
specific GST legislation based
on GST bill passed by
Parliament
Finalization of
draft GST Bill
GST council to
be created
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Implementation
of GST
CGST Bill to be passed by both
houses of the Parliament by
simple majority –To be presented
to President for assent
9th January, 2015
Slide 7
Salient Features of GST Constitutional
Amendment Bill
• Insertion of new Article 246A conferring simultaneous power
to the Union and the State Legislature to legislate on GST.
• Insertion of new Article 279A for the creation of a Goods &
Services Tax Council, which will be a joint forum of the Centre
and the States. This Council would function under the
Chairmanship of the Union Finance Minister.
• To do away with the concept of ‘declared goods of special
importance’ under the Constitution.
• Central Taxes like Central Excise Duty, Additional Excise
Duties, Service Tax, Additional Customs Duty (CVD) and Special
Additional Duty of Customs (SAD), etc. will be subsumed in
GST.
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9th January 2015
Slide 8
Salient Features of GST Constitutional
Amendment Bill
• At the State level, Taxes like VAT/ Sales Tax, Central Sales
Tax, Entertainment Tax, Octroi and Entry Tax, Purchase Tax
and Luxury Tax, etc. would be subsumed in GST.
• The Centre will compensate States for loss of revenue arising
on account of implementation of the GST for a period up to five
years (The compensation will be on a tapering basis, i.e. 100%
for the first three years, 75% in the fourth year and 50% in the
fifth year).
• Both Centre and States will simultaneously levy GST across
the value chain. The Centre would levy and collect Central
Goods and Services Tax (CGST), and States would levy and
collect the State Goods and Services Tax (SGST) on all
transactions within a State.
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9th January 2015
Slide 9
Salient Features of GST Constitutional
Amendment Bill
•
All Goods and services, except alcoholic liquor for human
consumption, will be brought under the purview of GST.
However, it has also been provide that petroleum and
petroleum products shall not be subject to the levy of GST till
notified at a future date on the recommendation of the GST
Council. The present taxes levied by the States and the Centre
on petroleum and petroleum products, i.e., Sales Tax/ VAT,
CST and Excise duty only, will continue to be levied in the
interim period.
•
GST is a destination-based tax. All SGST on the final product
will ordinarily accrue to the consuming State.
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9th January 2015
Slide 10
Salient Features of GST Constitutional
Amendment Bill
•
The Centre would levy and collect the Integrated Goods and
Services Tax (IGST) on all inter-State supply of Goods and
Services. There will be seamless flow of input tax credit from
one State to another. Proceeds of IGST will be apportioned
among the States.
•
GST rates will be uniform across the Country. However, to
give some fiscal autonomy to the Centre and States, there will
be a provision of a narrow tax band over and above the floor
rates of CGST and SGST.
• The term “Services” is proposed to be exhaustively defined as
“anything other than goods”.
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9th January 2015
Slide 11
Salient Features of GST Constitutional
Amendment Bill
•
It is proposed to levy a non-vatable Additional Tax of not
more than 1% on supply of goods in the course of inter-State
trade or commerce for a period not exceeding 2 years, or further
such period as recommended by the GST Council. This
Additional Tax on supply of goods shall be assigned to the
States from where such supplies originate.
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9th January 2015
Slide 12
Thank you

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