Russian Cause and Effect World Studies Russification Cause • Gov’t faced with problems of liberal ideas. Definition • Forced non-Russian people to use language, religion and customs. Effect • Everyone had to accept. Pan-Slavism Cause • Wanted to expand. Definition • Union of all Slavs under Russian leadership. Expansion into Asia and Ottoman Empire. Effect • Expansion stopped with loss in the Crimean War in 1850’s, Russia lost border territory. Emancipation Edict Cause • Serfdom restricted labor pool, they were needed in factories. Definition • Freed all serfs Effect • Compensated nobles with land. Serfs could not afford high priced land. Nihilists Cause • Radicals opposed Alexander II’s new policies. Definition • A just society can only be created by building a completely new Russia. Effect • Other groups began to pop up. People’s Will Cause • Radicals believed that the nobles large estates should be divided among the people. Definition • Radicals using violence such as assassinations and bombings. Effect • Made Alexander II more conservative. Pogroms Cause • Assassination of Alexander II, Nicholas II set new restrictions. Definition • Heavy handed discrimination against minority groups, sponsored massacre of Jews. Effect • Nicholas II overturned many of the reforms set in place by Alexander II Russo-Japanese War Cause • Over territory in China and Korea Definition • Japanese beat Russia Effect • Russia’s gov’t was exposed as weak and corrupt. Bloody Sunday Cause • Groups taking action after Russia’s loss. Definition • Czar’s troops shot at a group of strikers who were delivering a petition to him. Effect • Triggered the Revolution of 1905. October Manifesto Cause • Workers striking and demonstrating. Definition • Promised individual liberties and provided the election of the Duma (Parliament). Failure of the Revolution • 1. 2. 3. Failed to overthrow the Czar because… Army remained loyal to the Czar. French gave money to the Russian gov’t. Revolutionary groups were not united in their goals. THE END!!!