Homicide Victims by Race and Gender

Report
WEBINAR: Cities United: Reducing Violence and
Violent Deaths Among Black Men and Boys
Thursday, April 18, 2013
2:30 p.m. Eastern Time
Speakers:
-
Everett Gillison, Deputy Mayor and Chief of Staff, Office of the Mayor, City of
Philadelphia, Pa.
Antoinette Malveaux, Managing Director, Casey Family Programs
Homicide Victims by Race and Gender:
BALTIMORE
90
80
80.3
70
60
Percent
50
40
30
20
10
5.8
9.8
3.5
0.6
0
White Males
White Females
Black Males
Black Females
Other
Source: Rhonda Bryant, Center for Law and Social Policy, analysis of data from Bureau of Justice Statistics, United States
Department of Justice (2009 Homicide Data) and U.S. Census Bureau
www.nlc.org
Homicide Victims by Race and Gender:
BOSTON
70
60
62.3
50
Percent
40
30
20
18.9
10
9.4
7.5
1.9
Black Females
Other
0
White Males
White Females
Black Males
Source: Rhonda Bryant, Center for Law and Social Policy, analysis of data from Bureau of Justice Statistics, United States
Department of Justice (2009 Homicide Data) and U.S. Census Bureau
www.nlc.org
Homicide Victims by Race and Gender:
BUFFALO
80
70
67.6
60
Percent
50
40
30
20
10
16.2
10.8
5.4
0
White Males
White Females
0.0
Black Males
Black Females
Other
Source: Rhonda Bryant, Center for Law and Social Policy, analysis of data from Bureau of Justice Statistics, United States
Department of Justice (2009 Homicide Data) and U.S. Census Bureau
www.nlc.org
Homicide Victims by Race and Gender:
CHICAGO
70
65.0
60
50
Percent
40
30
20
23.9
10
2.8
7.7
0
White Males
White Females
Black Males
Black Females
0.6
Other
Source: Rhonda Bryant, Center for Law and Social Policy, analysis of data from Bureau of Justice Statistics, United States
Department of Justice (2009 Homicide Data) and U.S. Census Bureau
www.nlc.org
Homicide Victims by Race and Gender:
CLEVELAND
80
70
70.2
60
Percent
50
40
30
20
10
14.0
10.5
3.5
1.8
0
White Males
White Females
Black Males
Black Females
Other
Source: Rhonda Bryant, Center for Law and Social Policy, analysis of data from Bureau of Justice Statistics, United States
Department of Justice (2009 Homicide Data) and U.S. Census Bureau
www.nlc.org
70
Homicide Victims by Race and Gender:
COLUMBUS
63.6
60
50
Percent
40
30
20
17.8
10
9.3
7.5
1.8
0
White Males
White Females
Black Males
Black Females
Other
Source: Rhonda Bryant, Center for Law and Social Policy, analysis of data from Bureau of Justice Statistics, United States
Department of Justice (2009 Homicide Data) and U.S. Census Bureau
www.nlc.org
Homicide Victims by Race and Gender:
HOUSTON
70
60
58.6
50
Percent
40
30
25.9
20
10
6.9
3.4
0
White Males
White Females
Black Males
Black Females
5.2
Other
Source: Rhonda Bryant, Center for Law and Social Policy, analysis of data from Bureau of Justice Statistics, United States
Department of Justice (2009 Homicide Data) and U.S. Census Bureau
www.nlc.org
Homicide Victims by Race and Gender:
INDIANAPOLIS
60
50
51.3
Percent
40
30
20
23.9
10
12.8
12.0
0.0
0
White Males
White Females
Black Males
Black Females
Other
Source: Rhonda Bryant, Center for Law and Social Policy, analysis of data from Bureau of Justice Statistics, United States
Department of Justice (2009 Homicide Data) and U.S. Census Bureau
www.nlc.org
Homicide Victims by Race and Gender:
JACKSON, MS
90
80
78.1
70
60
Percent
50
40
30
20
10
7.8
7.8
6.3
0.0
0
White Males
White Females
Black Males
Black Females
Other
Source: Rhonda Bryant, Center for Law and Social Policy, analysis of data from Bureau of Justice Statistics, United States
Department of Justice (2009 Homicide Data) and U.S. Census Bureau
www.nlc.org
Homicide Victims by Race and Gender:
KANSAS CITY
70
60
63.1
50
Percent
40
30
20
23.0
10.7
10
2.5
0.8
0
White Males
White Females
Black Males
Black Females
Other
Source: Rhonda Bryant, Center for Law and Social Policy, analysis of data from Bureau of Justice Statistics, United States
Department of Justice (2009 Homicide Data) and U.S. Census Bureau
www.nlc.org
Homicide Victims by Race and Gender:
LOS ANGELES
60
55.1
50
Percent
40
30
29.1
20
10
6.8
2.5
6.5
Black Females
Other
0
White Males
White Females
Black Males
Source: Rhonda Bryant, Center for Law and Social Policy, analysis of data from Bureau of Justice Statistics, United States
Department of Justice (2009 Homicide Data) and U.S. Census Bureau
www.nlc.org
Homicide Victims by Race and Gender:
MEMPHIS
80
70
70.9
60
Percent
50
40
30
20
15.2
10
8.9
3.2
White Males
White Females
1.9
0
Black Males
Black Females
Other
Source: Rhonda Bryant, Center for Law and Social Policy, analysis of data from Bureau of Justice Statistics, United States
Department of Justice (2009 Homicide Data) and U.S. Census Bureau
www.nlc.org
Homicide Victims by Race and Gender:
MINNEAPOLIS
70
65.6
60
50
Percent
40
30
20
15.9
10
9.6
3.2
5.7
0
White Males
White Females
Black Males
Black Females
Other
Source: Rhonda Bryant, Center for Law and Social Policy, analysis of data from Bureau of Justice Statistics, United States
Department of Justice (2009 Homicide Data) and U.S. Census Bureau
www.nlc.org
Homicide Victims by Race and Gender:
NEWARK, NJ
80
75.0
70
60
Percent
50
40
30
20
13.9
10
8.3
2.8
White Males
White Females
0.0
0
Black Males
Black Females
Other
Source: Rhonda Bryant, Center for Law and Social Policy, analysis of data from Bureau of Justice Statistics, United States
Department of Justice (2009 Homicide Data) and U.S. Census Bureau
www.nlc.org
Homicide Victims by Race and Gender:
OAKLAND
80
70
67.8
60
Percent
50
40
30
20
19.0
10
9.1
1.7
2.5
0
White Males
White Females
Black Males
Black Females
Other
Source: Rhonda Bryant, Center for Law and Social Policy, analysis of data from Bureau of Justice Statistics, United States
Department of Justice (2009 Homicide Data) and U.S. Census Bureau
www.nlc.org
Homicide Victims by Race and Gender:
PHILADELPHIA
80
70
72.4
60
Percent
50
40
30
20
16.5
10
3.2
5.9
2.1
0
White Males
White Females
Black Males
Black Females
Other
Source: Rhonda Bryant, Center for Law and Social Policy, analysis of data from Bureau of Justice Statistics, United States
Department of Justice (2009 Homicide Data) and U.S. Census Bureau
www.nlc.org
Homicide Victims by Race and Gender:
SEATTLE
45
40
35
30
39.3
32.1
Percent
25
20
15
14.3
10
10.7
5
3.6
0
White Males
White Females
Black Males
Black Females
Other
Source: Rhonda Bryant, Center for Law and Social Policy, analysis of data from Bureau of Justice Statistics, United States
Department of Justice (2009 Homicide Data) and U.S. Census Bureau
www.nlc.org
Homicide Victims by Race and Gender:
ST. LOUIS
90
80
70
77.6
Percent
60
50
40
30
20
10
8.6
2.3
White Males
White Females
10.9
0.6
0
Black Males
Black Females
Other
Source: Rhonda Bryant, Center for Law and Social Policy, analysis of data from Bureau of Justice Statistics, United States
Department of Justice (2009 Homicide Data) and U.S. Census Bureau
www.nlc.org
False Universalism:
Reducing Violent Deaths Among Black Males
• Armed with this knowledge, many communities still take a
universal approach to violence prevention strategy,
programming, and evaluation.
• “Universal approaches that are not sensitive to the needs of
the particular have uneven impact (Powell, 2011).”
– False universalism assumes that targeted policies that
address the needs of certain populations become a divisive
wedge.
– False universalism also assumes that everyone benefits from
universal approaches. But universal approaches that are not
sensitive to the needs of the particular are never truly
universal; they tend to have an uneven impact, and can even
exacerbate racial inequality at times.
– We need to be universal in our goals but not in our process.
www.nlc.org
The Cities United Vision
• Mayors and other city leaders across the country
will form partnerships with other local
government officials, community leaders,
families, youth, philanthropies, and other
stakeholders within their respective cities
dedicated to reducing violence and violencerelated deaths among African-American men
and boys.
www.nlc.org
Cities United: Key Partners
Principals
• City of Philadelphia
• City of New Orleans
• Open Society Foundations’ Campaign
for Black Male Achievement
• Casey Family Programs
• National League of Cities
Core Planning Team
• Association of Black Foundation Executives
• Grantmakers for Children Youth and Families
• John S. and James L. Knight Foundation
• U.S. Conference of Mayors
• Three appointed youth leaders
www.nlc.org
Cities United: Participating Mayors
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Mayor
Mayor
Mayor
Mayor
Mayor
Mayor
Mayor
Mayor
Mayor
Mayor
Mayor
Mayor
Ed Pawlowski - Allentown, PA
Thomas M. Menino - Boston, MA
Joseph P. Riley, Jr. - Charleston, SC
Anthony Foxx - Charlotte, NC
Rahm Emanuel - Chicago, IL
Frank Jackson - Cleveland, OH
Michael Coleman - Columbus, OH
Michael Hancock - Denver, CO
William Bell - Durham, NC
Harvey Johnson - Jackson, MS
Greg Fischer - Louisville, KY
Paul Soglin - Madison, WI
•
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Mayor Mitch Landrieu - New Orleans, LA
Mayor Setti Warren - Newton, MA
Mayor Leon Rockingham, Jr. - North
Chicago, IL
Mayor Andre Pierre - North Miami, FL
Mayor Michael Nutter - Philadelphia, PA
Mayor Brenda Lawrence - Southfield, MI
Mayor Marilyn Strickland - Tacoma, WA
Mayor Bob Buckhorn – Tampa, FL
Mayor Shelley Walsh - University City, MO
Mayor Vincent Gray - Washington, DC
www.nlc.org
BMA Municipal Action Guide
BMA Guide:
1. The Challenge
2. Strategies
3. Action Steps
4. Resources
Action Steps:
• Strengthening families
• Improving educational achievement
• Expanding access to familysupporting jobs
• Reducing violence and violencerelated deaths
www.nlc.org
NLC’s Institute for Youth, Education, and Families
• City Leadership to Promote Black Male Achievement:
– www.nlc.org/iyef
– Request additional print copies by emailing [email protected]
• Contacts:
– Leon T. Andrews, Jr., (202) 626-3039 or [email protected]
– Jerrilyn Black, (202) 626-3128 or [email protected]
www.nlc.org
Cities United: Webinar
April 18, 2013
Antoinette M. Malveaux
Managing Director of Strategic Engagements and Initiatives
Why Cities United?
Many foundations focus their investments on
improving the well-being of communities,
and care about ensuring a socially just
environment for their residents.
27
Why Cities United?
Because of the epidemic of violence in some
cities, certain interventions are needed to
break the cycle of violence, and provide
positive alternatives and pathways for the
communities and residents where specific
foundations fund.
28
The role of Foundations
Foundations hold a valuable position in the
fabric of communities. They can:
• Help raise awareness and sustain the focus
on an issue
• Convene disparate organizations and
leaders– politicians, policy makers,
advocates, community organizations, faith
institutions, etc.– to focus collectively and
continually on an issue
29
The role of Foundations
Foundations can:
• Bring experts into a conversation to help
frame the thinking around appropriate
interventions, which includes bringing
research, data, and content
• Invest in programs that are innovative or show
promising practices; help conduct evaluations
to become evidence-based; spread evidencebased programs to other communities
30
The role of Foundations
Foundations can:
• Target their dollars on effected-groups in a
way government may not be able to
• Be an effective partner and catalyst for
partnership within communities
31
On Violence
This issue is gaining national attention for
many reasons:
• Data
• Devastating impact on communities and
neighborhoods
• Devastating impact on families and children
• Prevalence of guns – illegal guns that are used in
violent crimes in communities
• Flashpoint incidences that catalyze action (i.e.
Sandy Hook)
32
On Violence
There is a lack of opportunities and positive
pathways for many low-income and
marginalized youth and families, especially
those of color. Opportunities include:
• Access to quality education
• Access to living wage and legal employment
• Policies that prevent denying access to
employment, housing, and basic rights for
those re-entering society
33
Foundations focused on Black Males
Foundations focused on Black Males in
education achievement, include:
• Open Society Foundations: Campaign for Black Male
Achievement
• Robert Wood Johnson Foundation: Gathering of Leaders
• The California Endowment: Building Healthy Communities, (3 of
14 communities in California on life outcomes for Black Men)
• The Heinz Endowment: African American Men and Boys
Initiative
• The Knight Foundation: What it Takes; and “Boy Don’t Turn your
Back: The Power of Resilience)
34
Foundations focused on Black Males
Foundations focused on Black Males in
education achievement, include:
• Mitchell Kapor Foundation: Black Boys College Bound Initiative
• Schott Foundation for Public Education: The Black Male Donor
Collaborative
• Winthrop Rockefeller Foundation: Black Male Retention in
College
• Association of Black Foundation Executives: Black Men & Boys
Initiative
• Grantmakers for Children Youth and Families: Healthy Men,
Healthy Communities
35
Foundations focused on Black Males
Other emerging collaborative efforts:
• The Joyce Foundation
• Boys and Men of Color Foundation Leaders
Pledge to Action
• Cities United
• California Community Foundation – BLOOM
36
How Foundations Engage with Cities
United
• Foundations, regardless of the scope of
grantmaking (local, state, regional, or
national) can participate as partners
• Foundations that don’t have an explicit
portfolio focused on men and boys of
color, or black males, can participate as
partners
37
How Foundations Engage with Cities
United
Locally, Foundations can engage by:
• Working with Mayors in the cities that join
Cities United
• If your city, or a city you fund, is not involved,
engage with the Mayor and help influence him
or her to participate in Cities United
38
How Foundations can support Cities
United
Locally, Foundations can engage by:
• Providing support based off of results from the
Cities United assessment
• Help provide access to thought leaders and
opportunities to share “best thinking” in order to
develop a comprehensive strategy
39
How Foundations can support Cities
United
• Expert consultation: consider engaging grantees
and staff to work with Cities United city leaders to
address specific challenges faced by Black men
and boys
• Leverage your convening power: bring
organizations together and support the
collaboration process between groups. When
Foundations call, typically organizations (i.e.
community-based, city, business, and other public
sector representatives), will come
40
How Foundations can support Cities
United
• Give advice on how to partner and
collaborate: encourage existing grantees
to work together to meet the needs of
black men and boys
41
How National Funders can support
Cities United
• Fund complementary strategies. For
example: fund youth engagement and
youth leadership strategies that focus on
or are intentional in including Black youth
• Engage Mayors in cities where your
grantmaking is focused; encourage
Mayors to participate in Cities United
42
How National Funders can support
Cities United
• Support implementing Cities United
nationally. Resources are needed to fund
TA efforts, communications, national
convenings, national experts, project
management
43
How National Funders can support
Cities United
• Provide experts from your consulting and
grantee network to provide TA to Cities
United cities
• Provide general support for Cities United
44
Finding Funding for Black Men and
Boys Efforts
• See previously mentioned organizations
• BMAfunders.org – a resource within
foundation center, funded by Open Society
Foundation – provides access to





Interactive mapping tool with funding data
Timeline of philanthropic milestones in the field
Tools and resources for assessing project outcomes
Research reports and case studies
Video and multi-media content
45
Cities United:
Our Young Men Can’t Wait
Presented by the City of Philadelphia
Steps cities can take now to stop the violence.
The Philadelphia Landscape
 The total number of murders
committed in 2012 was 331
 In 2011, there were 316
murders in Philadelphia.

75% of those murder victims
were black males.
 80% of those homicides were
committed by black males.
Build Political Will to Change
Mayor Nutter through his national profile has engaged
mayors across the country on not only the issue of the deaths
of Black men and boys, but also:
 Is a chief advocate for Mayors Against Illegal Guns
 Developed The Sandy Hook Principals
 Worked with Pennsylvania Attorney General Kathleen
Kane to close the Florida loophole
Create grids across the city to identify the
neighborhoods most in need.
The PhillyRising Collaborative is the City of Philadelphia’s new way of
doing business. PhillyRising targets neighborhoods throughout Philadelphia
that are plagued by chronic crime and quality of life concerns, and
establishes partnerships with community members to address these issues.
The primary objective is to:
 Fight crime and the fear of crime; including terrorism
 Build sustainable, responsive solutions to the concerns of people
living and working in each neighborhood
 Develop cost-effective methods for improving service delivery to
each neighborhood;
 Help those living and working in the PhillyRising
neighborhoods to realize their vision for their community.
Create a City-wide Commission
Originally established in 1991 by then Mayor W. Wilson Goode the
Mayor’s Commission on African-American Males is tasked to
address the issues related to unemployment, incarceration, lack of
education and health within the community. Re-instituted in
September 2011 by Mayor Michael Nutter, the commission will seek
solutions to the issues facing the community, as well as establish
policy recommendations for opportunities and programs specific to
African American Males.
Workforce Readiness
Through the Philadelphia Streets Department the City of Philadelphia
launched a new program in January called “Philly Future Track,” which
provides job-skills training and real-world work experience to 130 young
adults in Philadelphia. Using service as a strategy to build civic and
environmental stewardship, Philly Future Track will provide individuals with a
paid position involving community service and other life and career building
skills during a six-month period.
The participants were not previously enrolled in higher education and were
unemployed. For three days a week over the course of six months,
participants will work in teams on neighborhood beautification projects with
direction from the Streets Department. The remaining two days are spent in
the classroom, where participants will learn job readiness skills.
Stop the Cycle of Violence
The Office of Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Prevention awarded our City
the Community Based Violence Prevention Demonstration Program
Grant. The Program grant provides $1.5 million, over three years, to cities to
replicate successful models and programs. The City of Philadelphia and its
partners will use this grant to reduce shootings and homicides by partnering
with Temple University to help expand the Philadelphia CeaseFire program.
The grant is targeted where the need is greatest: within neighborhoods
plagued with shootings and homicides, with the goal of reducing violence
among 14-24 year olds in those neighborhoods. Both lift up the belief that
violence is a public health issue, because hurt people hurt people.
Be systematic about targeting resources where
they are most needed
In January of 2012, Philadelphia launched GunStat, a collaborative, multi-agency effort
to reduce gun violence by data-based tracking of gun violence focused on targeted,
high-violence areas. GunStat is an enhancement to the crime analysis work the
Philadelphia Police Department is already using and is designed after their Crime
Briefings Strategy from 2008. It focuses on identifying violent offenders, gun crimes,
arrests, and results through the court system, and facilitates better tracking of persons
on probation or parole. Criminal justice, law enforcement, federal, and community
partners, including the Prison system and Probation and Parole, assist in the GunStat
program.
Connect city leaders in a national
network
In September, the City of Philadelphia was accepted through a competitive
process as an expansion site for the National Forum on Youth Violence
Prevention by OJJDP.
Led by the Mayor’s Office and the Office of Public Safety and the Violence
Prevention Collaborative, the City’s Forum will bring together city
department and agencies, community nonprofits, District Attorney’s Office,
academics, and community members to create a multi-year strategic plan for
the city to reduce the number of shootings and homicides amount youth and
young adults ages 14 to 24 in the target “hotspots.” All members involved in
the process will work together to create an integrated plan around improved
prevention, intervention, enforcement, and reentry practices.
“For to be free is not merely to cast off one's chains, but to
live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of
others.” - Nelson Mandela
Connect with the YEF Institute
Web: www.nlc.org/iyef
E-newsletter & Peer Networks:
http://my.nlc.org/eweb
Blog:
http://citiesspeak.org
Twitter:
Facebook:
www.twitter.com/yefinstitute
www.facebook.com/yefinstitute
www.nlc.org
Thank You For Attending Today’s
Webinar
If you or your mayor is interested in learning
more, please contact Jerrilyn Black at (202)
626-3128 or at [email protected]

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