ICIT TRF

Report
NATIONAL R&D INSTITUTE FOR CRYOGENICS AND ISOTOPES TECHNOLOGIES
ICIT-TRF
“Experimental TRF as support for ITER researches activities”
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
S BRAD - TRITIUM MANAGEMENT - 7thof June 2012
ICIT-TRF
NATIONAL R&D INSTITUTE FOR CRYOGENICS AND ISOTOPES TECHNOLOGIES
THE WAY
© 2011, JET Organization
EURATOM Treaty is the international legal framework under which the Member
States cooperate in the fields of nuclear fission and fusion research.
1970 - Council of the European Community - European fusion device
JET
© 2011, JET Organization
1999 - European Fusion Development Agreement (EFDA)
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
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S BRAD - TRITIUM MANAGEMENT - 7thof June 2012
NATIONAL R&D INSTITUTE FOR CRYOGENICS AND ISOTOPES TECHNOLOGIES
ICIT-TRF
On 24 October 2007, following ratification by all Members, the ITER Agreement
entered into force and officially established the ITER Organization.
ITER - “International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor”
also means “way, trip” from latin “iter, itineris”
also means “repetition” from latin “iteratio”
We could “translate” that power is obtained through
a process of repetitively plasma confinement
of a DT mixture
TODAY
A cut-away view of the ITER Machine
TOMORROW
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
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S BRAD - TRITIUM MANAGEMENT - 7thof June 2012
NATIONAL R&D INSTITUTE FOR CRYOGENICS AND ISOTOPES TECHNOLOGIES
ICIT-TRF
Where we could participate in ITER ?
© 2011, ITER Organization
35 m
80 m
20 m
The "closed DT loop" fuelling cycle of ITER
The plasma exhaust is removed and processed through
an isotope separation system that extracts out the
fusion fuels for reinjection into the fuelling cycle.
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
ITER Tritium Plant (courtesy of KIT and ITER)
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S BRAD - TRITIUM MANAGEMENT - 7thof June 2012
NATIONAL R&D INSTITUTE FOR CRYOGENICS AND ISOTOPES TECHNOLOGIES
ICIT-TRF
WHERE WE COULD PARTICIPATE
Outline Flow Diagram of ITER Fuel Cycle Systems and Interfaces
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
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S BRAD - TRITIUM MANAGEMENT - 7thof June 2012
NATIONAL R&D INSTITUTE FOR CRYOGENICS AND ISOTOPES TECHNOLOGIES
ICIT-TRF
Outside view
Inside view
ICIT TRF
P
Technology
LPCE – Liquid Phase Catalytic Exchange
system;
CD – Cryogenic Distillation system;
P – Purification unit;
E – Electrolyser
E
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
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S BRAD - TRITIUM MANAGEMENT - 7thof June 2012
ICIT-TRF
NATIONAL R&D INSTITUTE FOR CRYOGENICS AND ISOTOPES TECHNOLOGIES
ITER technology and ICIT Tritium Removal Facility
o ICIT TRF is a cycle for heavy water detritiation with a catalytic isotope exchange module,
followed by a cryogenic distillation system;
o In the ITER Tritium Plant we have WDS and ISS modules similar as those from ICIT TRF
ICIT PILOT PLANT
Potential combination of WDS and ISS at ITER
Catalytic isotopic exchange tritiated heavy water - deuterium, followed by cryogenic
distillation
Condenser
HR
Heater
Tritiated Feed
Water
LPCE
CD
Tritium Depleted
Water
Boiler
CD
P
IEC
D2
Tritium
Analysis
System
Tritium
Storage System
MONITORING AND SAFETY SYSTEMS
Boiler
Links between experimental modules for Tritium and Deuterium Separation Pilot Plant
Electrolyser
O2 Purifier
WDS, ISS/ITER:
LPCE
ELECTROLYSERS, PERMEATION
CRYOGENIC DISTILLATION
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
WDS/ICIT
LPCE
ELECTROYSER, PURIFICATION
CRYOGENIC DISTILLATION
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S BRAD - TRITIUM MANAGEMENT - 7thof June 2012
NATIONAL R&D INSTITUTE FOR CRYOGENICS AND ISOTOPES TECHNOLOGIES
ICIT-TRF
What are the possibilities to support the ITER researches?
National and EFDA researches projects
Training networks
Consortium of institutes
Cryogenic & Mechanical Test Laboratory
department of the Pilot Plant
support a wide range of projects (nat. & intl.)
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hydrogen isotopes distillation
design of cryogenic equipment
data base for materials and cryogenic equipment
hydrogen isotopes storages systems
permeation studies
toughness, tensile and compression tests in the
range 20 – 700 K
Facilities
• Helium liquefier LINDE-L5;
• Hydrogen liquefier PPH 100;
• Nitrogen liquefier PPG;
• Charpy pendulum F040 S1;
• Testing machine TC 300;
• Furnace and glove-box;
• Toughness stand;
• Tensile cryostats;
• H2,D2 distillation stand;
• Aquisition/data proces control;
• System (LAB-VIEW 5.0);
• Hydrogen isotopes permeation
stand
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
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S BRAD - TRITIUM MANAGEMENT - 7thof June 2012
NATIONAL R&D INSTITUTE FOR CRYOGENICS AND ISOTOPES TECHNOLOGIES
ICIT-TRF
Experimental stand for cryogenic separation of H,D species
Cryogenic separation stand
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Hydrogen Liquefier- type PPH,
Cold-Box,
Acquisition system
GC Varian
With this experimental set-up was determined
the separation performances of a full list of
commercial and non-commercial packages with
different configurations
Also there were studied two different tritium
extraction system for the cryogenic columns,
one with calibrated vessel volumes and another
one with active charcoal cryo-trap and
molecular sieve bed.
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
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S BRAD - TRITIUM MANAGEMENT - 7thof June 2012
NATIONAL R&D INSTITUTE FOR CRYOGENICS AND ISOTOPES TECHNOLOGIES
ICIT-TRF
Hydrogen isotopes permeation stand
H, D (T)
PS
GB
if T
LS
BS
if D
PPH
CDC
FTIR
MS
MGC
CB
ES
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
Extraction System and Permeation Stand
Where:
PS - Permeation Stand; GB - Glove Box; CDC - Cryogenic
Distillation Column; CB - Cold-Box; ES - Extraction; MCG - MicroGas Chromatograph; BS - Burning System; MS – Quadropole
Mass Spectrometer; LS - Liquid Scintillation; FTIR - Spectrometer
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S BRAD - TRITIUM MANAGEMENT - 7thof June 2012
NATIONAL R&D INSTITUTE FOR CRYOGENICS AND ISOTOPES TECHNOLOGIES
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ICIT-TRF
Endurance tests of WDS components.
(TW6-TTFD-TR64)
experimental setup / tritiated water (100 Ci·kg-1) / LPCE column/ similar catalyst to KITTLK LPCE
Pt/PTFE/charcoal hydrophobic catalyst manufactured & tested at ICIT
test period: 1, 3, 6, 12 months
tritiated water (IFIN HH Bucharest) burning to water of HT mixture into a reactor with
Al/Pd catalys
The experimental stand:
• Tritiated water process pump
• Column filled with catalyst Pt/C/PTFE
• Tritiated water vessel
• Electric and water heater
• Water metering pump
• Draining system
Update of ITER ISS-WDS process design
(TW6-TTFD-TPI-55)
Aim
• to development of 2D and 3D symbols for ISS systems (ISO) => CATIA V5
Catalogues/PRM
Result
• symbols (P & ID) for WDS-ISS in collaboration with Associations and companies P&ID,
equipment’s, pipes, components & instrumentations
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
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S BRAD - TRITIUM MANAGEMENT - 7thof June 2012
ICIT-TRF
NATIONAL R&D INSTITUTE FOR CRYOGENICS AND ISOTOPES TECHNOLOGIES
Training Programme for “Fuel Cycle” (2007-2010) and “Tri-Toffy” (2009-2012)
Objectives
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Development and design of core systems of the ITER Fuel Cycle
Optimization of ITER Fuel Cycle systems
Development of complementary tritium processing and monitoring techniques
Details
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Partners: FZK-KIT (coordinator)/ CEA/ ENEA/ MTA ATOMKI/ICIT/JET(Tri-Toffy only)
1 early-stage researcher per partner/ Personal Career Development Plan
Training and tritium related work in partner laboratories
R&D / design work
Additional courses, seminars, lectures on fusion physics and technology
Semi annual meetings / Reports: Scientific/ Technical/ Financial (annual & final)
Reports
Team at JET / Fuel Cycle/ G. Ana
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
Team at JET / Tri-Toffy/ I. Spiridon
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NATIONAL R&D INSTITUTE FOR CRYOGENICS AND ISOTOPES TECHNOLOGIES
ICIT-TRF
Tri-Pla-CA Consortium
Partners: KIT/CEA/ENEA/EURATOMMEdC/ICIT
Interest: ITER Tritium Plant systems/ Atmosphere
Detritiation Systems/Hot Cell Facility
F4E
CONSORTIUM STRUCTURE
KIT
ICIT
ENEA
CEA
PARTIES
IO
STEERING COMMITTEE
LEAD PARTY
Shared use of test facilities support of R&D work
for ITER WDS and ISS
Industry
•TRENTA facility from KIT
•Pilot Plant for Deuterium and Tritium Separation
from MEdC/ICIT Rm. Valcea
KIT TRENTA Facility (courtesy of KIT )
MANAGEMENT BODY
Others
COLLABORATION MANAGER
WORK PACKAGE LEADERS MANAGEMENT SUPPORTING TEAM
PARTIES REPRESENTATIVES
Pilot Plant for Deuterium and Tritium Separation
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MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
S BRAD - TRITIUM MANAGEMENT - 7thof June 2012
NATIONAL R&D INSTITUTE FOR CRYOGENICS AND ISOTOPES TECHNOLOGIES
ICIT-TRF
What has been done so far?
A) ITER/CT/09/4300000087 “Development of method for highly tritiated water handling in
ITER Tritium Plant. Phase-1”
D1 Report on the detailed assessment of technology comprising process block
diagram;
D2 Conceptual PFD of HTW processing
D3 Feasibility study of proposed technology diagram
B) Finalization of the system capacity, enhancements studies and detailed design
of WDS components including HAZOP studies - F4E-2010-GRT-045 (PNSVTP)
1. R&D to complete the design of Liquid Phase Catalytic Exchange (LPCE)
2. Conceptual design and PFD for WDS, HAZOP study, Design review , provisional cost estimate
of WDS;
3. Detailed design of WDS tritiated water holding tanks including ANSYS Static & Dynamic
Analysis in ASME III, Appendix N-Dynamic Analysis;
4. Technical specifications for manufacturing of WDS tritiated water holding tanks (100 m3 and 20
m3)
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
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S BRAD - TRITIUM MANAGEMENT - 7thof June 2012
NATIONAL R&D INSTITUTE FOR CRYOGENICS AND ISOTOPES TECHNOLOGIES
ICIT-TRF
Was prepared the procedure for the design, seismic loads calculation
and the analysis method of the WDS Emergency and Tritiated Water
Holding Tanks
No
Characteristics
Holding tanks
Emergency holding tank
4
2
1
Number of tanks
2
Required capacity of the tanks
20 m3
100 m3
3
Tanks maximal filling ratio
90%
90%
4
Content of tanks
5
Position in Tokamak building
Water with tritium concentration up to 300 Ci/kg
B2 level (14-B2-24)
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
B2 level(14-B2-25)
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S BRAD - TRITIUM MANAGEMENT - 7thof June 2012

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