Question and Answer Samples and Techniques Experts agree on a single definition for death. There are 4 ways a person can die, and these are referred to as the manner of death. What are the 4 manners of death? A man with a heart condition is attacked and dies from a heart attack during the assault. What is the manner of death? homicide accident natural suicide An elderly woman dies after being kept from receiving proper health care by her son. What is the manner of death? natural accident homicide suicide The reason someone dies if referred to as the ________________. manner of death mechanism of death cause of death time of death Which of the following is NOT a cause of death? suffocation shooting loss of blood strangulation heart attack What is the mechanism of death? The means by which someone dies. The specific change in the body that brought about death. The immediate reason for a person’s death. The stiffness that occurs after death. What are the 6 factors used to estimate a person’s time of death? Livor mortis refers to: death coolness death heat death stiffness death color What is lividity? Lividity begins ___ hours after death, and If the skin is pressed, lividity will remain after _________ hours. 2 hours; 8 hours 4 hours; 12 hours 2 hours; 12 hours hours 4 hours; 8 hours 2 hours; 6 hours Lividity can reveal the position of a corpse during the first 8 hours after death. What does dual lividity suggest? Rigor mortis is permanent. Which statement is true about rigor mortis? It may remain in the body for up to 36 hours. It starts in the feet and works its way up to the head. Peak rigor is at 10 hours. It starts in the head and works its way down to the legs. When leaving the body, it starts in the feet and works its way up to the head. If a person experiences hypothermia, the onset of rigor will be slower. Algor mortis means: death chill and describes the temperature loss in the corpse. death heat and describes the temperature loss in the corpse. death heat and describes the temperature gain in the corpse. death color death stiffness To take a corpse’s temperature, forensic investigators insert a thermometer into the ______. liver mouth rectum stomach underarm A rule of thumb is to expect a corpse to lose ____ degrees F/hour. 3 2 .5 1 2.5 Why do medical examiners study the corpse’s stomach and intestinal contents? If the stomach is empty but food is found in the small intestine, then death occurred _______________ after a meal. at least 4-6 hours 12 or more hours 0-2 hours at least 2-4 hours at least 6-8 hours Cell autolysis begins 4 hours after death. During decomposition, the skin takes on a marbled appearance within: 0-2 days after death 2-4 days after death 5-6 days after death 6-8 days after death 8-10 days after death During decomposition, when do fluids begin to leak from the body and organs begin to liquify? 0-2 days 3-4 days 4-6 days 6-10 days More than 10 days Lower temperatures tend to prevent bacterial growth and slow down decomposition. The study of insects as they pertain to legal matters is called ________________. What insects are the first to arrive to lay eggs on the warm body? What are the 7 stages in the blowfly life cycle? Insect evidence can provide an exact time of death.