By Stephen Toulmin Hook Interest for the reader Fact, quote, definition, description Information about the topic GENERAL What do I need to know to understand your paper? Thesis Subject/Prompt Claim ▪ What are you wanting to say about the Subject/Prompt? ▪ Ex. The theme of isolation in Ender’s Game is important because it creates a killer inside of Ender. What are you going to tell me (the reader) about the subject? Topic Sentence Main Idea of the paragraph Mini-claim ▪ Prove thesis true Ex. Ender’s isolation causes him to go crazy. Evidence/Data SPECIFIC examples of support Quotes, data, statistics Ex. Ender yells at Bean for small things that didn’t really matter. Analysis/Warrant Importance Significance Why does this support my thesis? Warrant ▪ Warrant for someone’s arrest. ▪ CLAIM: You need to come to court. ▪ WARRANT: Why you need to come to court. The specific charges Ex. By yelling at Bean, Ender shows that he no longer can remember the Lauchie he used to be. All he cares about is the battles and war. Restate Thesis REWORDED Highlight Main Points Analysis/Warrants Why is what I proved important Ex. Ender’s isolation was vital in him killing the Buggars and saving the world. Without it, he would have been too scared to kill them.