Literary Devices
Elements of Imagery
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• For your Cornell Notes:
• Topic: Literary Devices: Elements of
• EQ: How are elements of imagery
used in poetry and other types of
• Make sure you write the definition
and at least 1 example for each
literary device in your notes.
What are elements of
• Writers and poets use elements of
imagery to help the reader better
relate, understand, and picture a
thought or offer a new perspective.
• May be used to emphasize a point
Comparison of two unlike things
using like, as, than, or resembles
• Example: “She had a voice like an unoiled gate, but
somehow not unpleasant.” -A Wrinkle in Time,
Madeleine L’Engle
• Her hands were like ice.
• Metaphor:
– Comparison of two unlike things NOT using words
like, as, than, or resembles
– A direct statement
– May use “is”
• Example: “Amanda took the torn page from
Maniac. To her, it was the broken wing of a
bird, a pet out in the rain.” -Maniac Magee,
Jerry Spinelli
• Example: His hear is made of stone.
• Personification:
– Giving human characteristics to
nonhuman/nonliving things
• Example: “The house quivered
with every gust of wind.” -There
will Come Soft Rains, Ray Bradbury
• Example: A falling leaf danced on
the breeze.
• Hyperbole:
– An extreme exaggeration or overstatement used
for effect.
– These are not literally true, but people use them
to sound impressive or to emphasize something.
• Example: It was so cold, I thought my nose
would fall off.
• Symbols:
– In literature are people, places, or events that
have meaning in themselves but also stand for
something beyond themselves.
• Example: In the Hunger Games, Katniss’
mockingjay pin becomes a symbol of defiance
(and later of rebellion).
• Examples in real life: a dove with an olive branch
symbolizes peace; a skill and crossbones
symbolizes poison
Sensory Details
• Sensory Details:
– A specific descriptive detail that appeals to one or
more of the 5 senses
• Imagery (Made up of sensory details):
– The use of sensory details to create a
descriptive image in the reader’s mind
– Paints a “picture” with sensory details
• Example: “I remember the summers
with lightening bugs and honeysuckle
smells; the cold winters when the field
would all be brown and would crackle
under my feet.” -The Cay, Theodore
What about theme?
(note: NOT an element of imagery)
• Literary devices and the elements of poetry
help the poet establish the theme.
• Just as in fiction, the theme of a poem is the
author’s message about life.

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