Literary Devices Elements of Imagery Directions • Make sure you are viewing the slideshow (click on “slideshow” and “from beginning”) • For your Cornell Notes: • Topic: Literary Devices: Elements of Imagery • EQ: How are elements of imagery used in poetry and other types of writing? • Make sure you write the definition and at least 1 example for each literary device in your notes. What are elements of imagery? • Writers and poets use elements of imagery to help the reader better relate, understand, and picture a thought or offer a new perspective. • May be used to emphasize a point Simile Simile: Comparison of two unlike things using like, as, than, or resembles • Example: “She had a voice like an unoiled gate, but somehow not unpleasant.” -A Wrinkle in Time, Madeleine L’Engle • Her hands were like ice. Metaphor • Metaphor: – Comparison of two unlike things NOT using words like, as, than, or resembles – A direct statement – May use “is” • Example: “Amanda took the torn page from Maniac. To her, it was the broken wing of a bird, a pet out in the rain.” -Maniac Magee, Jerry Spinelli • Example: His hear is made of stone. Personification • Personification: – Giving human characteristics to nonhuman/nonliving things • Example: “The house quivered with every gust of wind.” -There will Come Soft Rains, Ray Bradbury • Example: A falling leaf danced on the breeze. Hyperbole • Hyperbole: – An extreme exaggeration or overstatement used for effect. – These are not literally true, but people use them to sound impressive or to emphasize something. • Example: It was so cold, I thought my nose would fall off. Symbol/Symbolism • Symbols: – In literature are people, places, or events that have meaning in themselves but also stand for something beyond themselves. • Example: In the Hunger Games, Katniss’ mockingjay pin becomes a symbol of defiance (and later of rebellion). • Examples in real life: a dove with an olive branch symbolizes peace; a skill and crossbones symbolizes poison Sensory Details • Sensory Details: – A specific descriptive detail that appeals to one or more of the 5 senses Imagery • Imagery (Made up of sensory details): – The use of sensory details to create a descriptive image in the reader’s mind – Paints a “picture” with sensory details • Example: “I remember the summers with lightening bugs and honeysuckle smells; the cold winters when the field would all be brown and would crackle under my feet.” -The Cay, Theodore Taylor What about theme? (note: NOT an element of imagery) Theme: • Literary devices and the elements of poetry help the poet establish the theme. • Just as in fiction, the theme of a poem is the author’s message about life.