Basin Management in Turkey

Report
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY
MINISTRY OF FORESTRY AND WATER AFFAIRS
Directorate General for Water Management
Contents
 Basin Management
 Basin Protection Action Plan
(NATIONAL)
 Water Framework Directive and River
Basin Management
 European Union works
 Conclusions
Balancing users and protectors
4
Responsibilities and Roles in Basin
Management
Coordination, Policy and Legislation
Water Use
P
L
A
N
N
I
N
G
Licenses, incentives
Agriculture, Drinking Water,
Hydropower, Industry etc.
Control, Protection
Quality, Quantity
Investments on Water
Dams, dikes, weirs, pumping stations,
water beds etc.
Operational water
management,
permits, monitoring,
execution, inspection
Operation&Maintenance,
Construction
Integration with other policies
E
V
A
L
U
A
T
I
O
N
River basins in Turkey
Dicle -
Natural Basin Management Strategic
Document
By National Management Strategic Document;
“
•
“
Enhancing
legal
and
institutional
capacity,
maintaining
the
ordination and
cooperation
between
related
institutes
for
sustainable
management of basins.
•
Sustainable management
resources in basins.
•
Preventing erosion and devastation of natural
resources and basin areas, rehabilitation and
maintaining sustainable usage in damaged basin
areas.
•
Protection of biological variety and lanscape and
maintaining sustainable usage of basins.
•
Increasing the living quality and welfare of people
in basins.
•
Devoloing
fighting
mechanisims
for
natural
disasters due to damaged natural resources in
basins.
•
Adding the probable effects of climate changing in
basin management and developing harmonizing
mechanisims.
Are aimed
and
usage
of
water
8
 Waste Water Treatment Action Plan
 River Basin Protection Action Plans
 River Basin Management Plans
MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND
FORESTRY
DG Environmental Management
MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND
FORESTRY
DG Environmental Management
Akarçay
RBPAP
WWTAP
Büyük Menderes RBMP
STATUS OF BASIN PROTECTION ACTION PLANS
Start in last quarter of 2011
Going to be revised
Completed
10
RIVER BASIN PROTECTION ACTION PLANS
Purpose
•
At the first instance, investigation of the water resources potential, point and diffuse
pollution sources and existing water quality and the making of more economically
viable, sustainable and efficient plans in the short, medium and long term
Actions
•
Analysis of the pressures and impacts of the urban, industrial, agricultural, economic
etc in the basin; characterisation of the exsisting status
•
Listing the necessary measures in the basin to achieve good water status
•
Planning urban waste water treatment plants for settlements, setting individual
and/or joint treatment possibilities and capabilities
•
Detecting the necessities for the renovation or rehabilitation of existing treatment
plans, defining measures
•
Scheduling the activities of all institutions and agencies which have responsibilities
within the basin for undertaking the activities within the plan
•
Ensuring the activities to be undertaken within this schedule under the observation of
our Ministry
Basin Protection Action Plans
River Basin
Protection Action
Plans (RBPAPs)
to be prepared
Public
participation
Water potential of the basin
Existing water use
Planning status
Status of re-use of treated
waste water / Planning
proposal
Estimation
of
water
demands
Chemical assessment
Point sources, diffuse sources,
pollution loads originating from
leachates, and the assessment of
total pollution loads
Classification of water quality
Measures to be taken are
defined
Short- medium- and long-term
measures are scheduled
Short-term measures to be
taken by the municipalities for
waste water treatment plants
and emergency measures are
examined and planned
Public participation
Draft prepared, public
participation ensured
Final version published
The responsibilities of
instituions are defined
Improvement of water quality
25 Basins
Analysis of
current situation
in the basin
Pressures and impacts (industrial,
domestic, diffuse)
Status of infra-structure
Climate conditions
Water resources
Settlements
Solid waste disposal situation
Protected areas
Agriculture and livestock
Land use
Afforestation, erosion
and
pasture improvement
Current and
planned
status of
water resources
Hot spots
Programme of
measures
Basin Protection
Action Plans
Collection of data on water quality from related instituions
Spots that need to be handled
urgently
Basin specific problems
Special provisions for drinking
water areas, e.g. Olive oil sector,
sediment
transportation,
atmospheric deposition, geothermal waters, mining
Existing data are assessed
Proposals for monitoring
network
Basin Protection Action Plans
Distribution of Average Precipitation in
Basins
Basin Protection Action Plans
Land Use in Basins
Basin Protection Action Plans
Protected Areas
Basin Protection Action Plans
Average Temperature Distribution
Basin Protection Action Plans
Water Resources in Basins
Basin Protection Action Plans
Locations in the basins
Basin Protection Action Plans
Land Works - Designation of Environmental
Infrastructures
Basin Protection Action Plans
Status of Solid Waste Disposal in BasinsPlanning
Water Quality
Kızılırmak
• COD
• BOD
• NH4-N
• NO2-N
• NO3-N
• Total P
Gökırmak ve
Devrez Streamlets
COD, BOD: 1-2
NH4-N: 2
Total P: 2-3
Acıçay River
BOD: 3-4
NH4-N: 4
NO3-N: 1-2
Total P: 3-4
Yozgat
Streamlet
BOD: 3
NH4-N: 4
NO3-N: 2
Total P: 4
Delice
Streamlet
BOD: 2
NH4-N: 4
NO3-N: 3
Total P: 2
Karasu
Streamlet
BOD: 2-3
NH4-N: 3-4
NO3-N: 1
Total P: 3-4
: 1-2
: 2-3
: 2-4
: 3-4
: 1-2
: 2-4
Kırşehir
Streamlet
COD, BOD: 4
NH4-N: 4
Total P: 4
Sarımsaklı Water(Karasu)
BOD: 2-4
NH4-N: 3-4
Total P: 4
Water
Quality
Acısu
BOD: 2-3
NH4-N: 3-4
Schedule for Basin Protection
Action Plans
ERGENE RIVER BASIN
•
There are 53 municipalities, where 1.050.000 people are living.
ACTIONS VIA ERGENE RIVER BASIN ACTION
PLAN
Action 1. Works on rehabilitation of stream beds are
going on.
Action 2. Municipal waste water treatment plants are
being constructed by Directorate General for State
Hydraulic Works.
Action 3. Rehabilitation Organized Industrial Zones are
established
Action 4. Advanced joint waste water treatment
plants for industry are being constructed.
Action 5. Processing less polluting raw materials and
using less water are being started.
Action 6. Works on afforestation and combating soil
erosion are going on.
Action 7. It is being entered into planned era in
Ergene, 1/25.000 plans are being implemented.
ACTIONS VIA ERGENE RIVER BASIN ACTION
PLAN
Action 8. Solid and hazardous waste processing,
recovery and disposal plants are being
established.
Action 9. Pollution from agriculture will be
controlled.
Action 10. Ergene River is going to be monitored
online continually.
Action 11. Intimate inspections are going on.
Action 12. Practicing environmental friendly
production has been started.
Action 13. Early warning system against floods is
being established.
Action 14. Ground water consumption is being
controlled.
Action 15. Dams, ponds, irrigation facilities are
being constructed.
Determination of Special Provision studies are being conducted for
the protection of drinking water basins.
DETERMINATION OF SPECIAL PROVISION STUDIES IN TURKEY
TAMAMLANAN
DEVAM EDEN
PLANLANAN
26
WATER FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE
WATER FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE
Aims at the integral protection of the aquatic environment.
This aim is basically linked to the quality of related waters.
The control of quantity is a subsidiary element for the
protection of good water quality.
Measures should also be established on quantity, which serves
the aim of achieving good quality.
‘good ecological
status’
‘good chemical
status’
Directorate
General
forEnvironmental
Environmental Management
Directorate
General
for
Management
WATER BODIES
Classification of water bodies
Surface water
bodies
Heavily modified
Water body formed due to
irreversible physical changes
by human activities (hydromorphological changes
Natural
Artificial
Water body formed by
human activities
Processes of WFD Related Directives
1967
1976
Dangerous
Substance
Directive
(DSD)
67/548/EEC
76/464/EEC
2006/11/EE
C
1991
Bathing
Water
Directive
76/160/EE
C
1992
2000
Urban Waste
Water
Directive
91/271/EEC
Nitrate
Directive
91/676/EEC
Bird
Directive
79/409/E
EC
Groundwater
Directive
now
Habitat
Directive
92/43/EE
C
Priority
Substances
Directive
2008/5
EEC
Water
Framework
Directive
2000/60/EC
Floding
Directive
Marine
Strategy
Directive
Steps of River Basin Management
Plans
Long-list of measures, Cost
effectiveness analysis,
Final list of measures and a
regulatory framework
including cost recovery
Defining ‘initial’ and ‘final’
(biological and chemical)
objectives for each water
body
Identification of the
River Basin District
Formation of
working group
Timetable and work
programme
A draft RBMP
Public consultation ,
Final RBMP
Environmental Objectives
River Basin
District
River Basin
Characterisation
Significant
Water Management
Issues Report
Programme of
Measures
Monitoring
Description of the District
Category, class and type of
ground/surface water
bodies; Description of
pressures and impacts
Economic analysis of
water use
Risk analysis
The main water
management issues
in the District
A program for operational,
surveillance and
investigative monitoring –
chemical & biological,
ground- and surface water
River Basin
Management Plan
RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT PLAN
GOOD WATER STATUS
Ecology
HIGH
GOOD
Chemistry
Other related plans
Water Status
MODERATE
POOR
Hydro-
BAD
Morphology
(Flood, dams, ports, channels, overabstraction etc)
34
34
RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT PLAN
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Characteristics of the basin
Pressures and impacts
•bio-physical system
Protected areas
•D •River Basin Management Plan
•societal system
•D
Monitoring
•P
Environmental Objectives
•P
•R
Economic analysis
•P
•S
Program of measures
•S •S
Register of other plans
•I
Public information and consultation
•S
Competent authorities
Addresses for further background
information
Our planning
We will start preparing River Basin Management Plans in 5 basins (Susurluk,
Akarçay, Meriç-Ergene, Konya Kapalı, Büyük Menderes) after 2013.
Under the Institution Building for Pre-Accession (IPA) Programme for 2011,
our project proposal of 6.6 million Euro has been approved for the basins
named above.
36
WATER EFFICIENCY ACTION PLAN
(WEAP)
1. Reuse of Treated Domestic Wastewater
2. Public Awareness on Saving Water
3. Reduce Water Loss and Leakage Ratios
37
WATER EFFICIENCY ACTION PLAN
(WEAP)
1. Reuse of Treated Domestic Wastewater
•
Treated domestic wastewaters will be used for irrigation purposes.
•
Reuse of treated wastewater will prevent
contamination of fresh water resources.
•
In the regions where water scarcity prevails, reuse of treated wastewaters will
lead to a variety in agricultural products.
•
The tender phase of the Project; “Reuse of Treated Domestic Wastewater in
Agricultural Irrigation” which is conducted with the Dutch Government is
finalized and contracts are signed between parties. Project is started on
September 2012 and is planned to last until September 2014.
•
With the help of this project discharge water of Afyonkarahisar Wastewater
Treatment Plant will be disinfected (UV) and approximately 5000 decare
agricultural land will be irrigated.
the
fast
consumption
and
38
WATER EFFICIENCY ACTION PLAN
(WEAP)
2. Public Awareness on Saving Water
• Public spots are prepared and released on television channels.
• Posters are prepared and published on billboards in order to
guide public on products which consume less water.
• It’s is planned to encourage usage of water efficient equipment
in public institutions and schools where water consumption is
high.
• Economic value of water will be calculated and the price will be
paid by consumer using appropriate economical tools.
WATER EFFICIENCY ACTION PLAN
(WCAP)
3. Reduce Water Loss and Leakage
Ratios
•
The inventory of water loss and leakage will be
prepared and the received information will be
integrated in Water Information System.
•
Water loss and leakage prevention plans and related
legislation will be prepared and the implementation
phase will be observed.
•
Technical assistance will be provided for municipalities.
•
Within the frame of EU IPA Prpogramme-2013, the
project ‘Technical Assistance on Economic Analyses
within River Basin Management Plans and Water
Efficiency Aspects in 4 Pilot River Basins in Turkey’
with a budget of 7.000.000 Euro is started.
40
WATER FOOTPRINT OF TURKEY
Insufficient Water yet Relatively High
Water Footprint!
Together with WWF Turkey and Pegasys Consultancy Company, to
raise awareness on water footprint an
informative education
programme was conducted. After training a core group composed of
several institutions were gathered together with a meeting to
discuss the steps to be taken in the future.
41
WATER EFFICIENCY POSTERS
Posters are prepared and published on billboards in
order to guide public on products which consume less
water.
NEGOTIATION PROCESS FOR THE CHAPTER
ON ENVIRONMENT
43
Turkey as candidate for EU membership
During the presidency of Sweden, the
negotiations for the Chapter on
Environment was officially opened at the
“Intergovernmental Accession
Conference” which took place in Brussel,
December 21st, 2009.
44
CLOSING CRITERIA
1. Adoption of the horizontal legislation and framework environmental
acquis of the European Union
2. Improvement as a result of adoption of the environmental acquis of
the EU on the water sector. Preparation of River Basin Management
Plans.
3. Adoption of the environmental acquis on industrial pollution and
risk management.
4. Continuance of compliance to the acquis in the rest of the sectors,
including nature conservation and waste management; and
proving that all the requirements of the EU are met on the date of
accession.
5. Continuance with the improvement of administrative capacity and
coordination, including inspection services.
6. Fulfilling the obligations of the additional protocol.
45
Thank you for your attention
E-mail: [email protected]
21/01/10
21/01/10
BRUSSELS
26 JANUARY
28 Kasım2010
2008 Marakeş/Fas
46
46

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