Wavenumber (cm

Report
Diagnostic segregation of human brain tumours using
Fourier-transform infrared and/or Raman
spectroscopy coupled with discriminant analysis
Ketan Gajjar1,2, Lara Heppenstall1, Weiyi Pang1, Katherine Ashton2, Júlio
Trevisan1, Imran I Patel1, Valon Llabjani1, Helen Stringfellow2, Pierre MartinHirsch1,2, Timothy Dawson2, Francis L. Martin1
1Centre for Biophotonics, Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University,
Lancaster, United Kingdom; 2Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Royal
Preston Hospital, Sharoe Green Lane North, Preston, Lancashire, United
Kingdom
Summary
• Number of pages: 10
• Number of Figures: 9
• Number of Tables: 3
S1
ATR-FTIR Spectroscopy
B
C
D
Raman Spectroscopy
A
Figure S1 (A & C) shows mean spectra for each tissue type in the biochemical-cell fingerprint region for IR
(1,800 cm-1 to 900 cm-1) and Raman (1,750 cm-1 to 800 cm-1) spectra respectively; and, (B & D) shows the
spectra per individual (20 spectra for IR and 50 spectra for Raman) averaged with baseline correction.
S2
C
Coefficient
ATR-FTIR Spectroscopy
A
D
Coefficient
Raman Spectroscopy
B
Wavenumber (cm-1)
Wavenumber (cm-1)
Figure S2 (A & B) shows 1-D PCA-LDA scores plot of IR and Raman spectra respectively comparing the
Meningioma to normal brain tissue with the corresponding loadings plots; and, (C & D) showing top 6 discriminating
wavenumbers associated with molecular alterations responsible for segregation of meningioma from normal brain.
S3
Coefficient
B
D
Wavenumber (cm-1)
Coefficient
ATR-FTIR Spectroscopy
Raman Spectroscopy
C
A
Wavenumber (cm-1)
Figure S3 (A & B) shows 1-D PCA-LDA scores plot of IR and Raman spectra respectively comparing the lowgrade astrocytoma (WHO grade II glioma) to normal brain tissue with the corresponding loadings plots; and, (C
& D) showing top 6 discriminating wavenumbers.
S4
Coefficient
C
B
D
Wavenumber (cm-1)
Coefficient
ATR-FTIR Spectroscopy
Raman Spectroscopy
A
Wavenumber (cm-1)
Figure S4 (A & B) shows 1-D PCA-LDA scores plot of IR and Raman spectra respectively comparing the
anaplastic astrocytoma (WHO grade III glioma) to normal brain tissue with the corresponding loadings
plots; and, (C & D) showing top 6 discriminating wavenumbers.
S5
Coefficient
ATR-FTIR Spectroscopy
C
A
B
Coefficient
Raman Spectroscopy
D
Wavenumber (cm-1)
Wavenumber (cm-1)
Figure S5 (A & B) shows 1-D PCA-LDA scores plot of IR and Raman spectra respectively comparing
glioblastoma multiforme (WHO grade IV glioma) to normal brain tissue with the corresponding loadings
plots; and, (C & D) showing top 6 discriminating wavenumbers.
S6
C
Coefficient
ATR-FTIR Spectroscopy
A
D
Coefficient
Raman Spectroscopy
B
Wavenumber (cm-1)
Wavenumber (cm-1)
Figure S6 (A & B) shows 1-D PCA-LDA scores plot of IR and Raman spectra respectively
comparing metastatic brain tumours to normal brain tissue with the corresponding loadings plots;
and, (C & D) showing top 6 discriminating wavenumbers.
S7
Wave number intensity ratio
Ratio of phospholipids (1,745 cm-1) to proteins (1,335 cm-1) in Raman
spectra
*
*
*
Ratio of 1,745 cm-1 /1,335 cm-1
Normal vs. Tumour type
*
Normal vs. Men
Normal vs. LA
Normal vs. AA
Normal vs. GBM
Normal vs. Mets
Figure S7 Wavenumber intensity ratio of phospholipids (1,745
cm-1) to proteins (1,335 cm-1) in Raman spectra of all brain tissues.
S8
P-value
P < 0.01
P < 0.01
P > 0.05
P < 0.01
P < 0.01
Wavenumber intensity ratio
Ratio of cholesterol esters (1,670 cm-1) to phenylalanine (1,001 cm-1) in
Raman spectra
*
*
*
**
Ratio of 1,670 cm-1 to 1,001 cm-1
Normal vs. Tumour type P-value
Figure S8 Wavenumber intensity ratio of cholesterol
esters (1,670 cm-1) to phenylalanine (1,001 cm-1) in Raman
spectra of all brain tissues.
S9
Normal vs. Men
P < 0.01
Normal vs. LA
P < 0.01
Normal vs. AA
P > 0.05
Normal vs. GBM
P < 0.01
Normal vs. Mets
P < 0.05
Wavenumber intensity ratio
1,654 cm−1 (Amide 1 -helix)/1,446 cm−1 (CH2 bending mode of proteins and lipids)
ratio in Raman spectra
*
*
*
Ratio of 1,654 cm−1 /1,446 cm−1
*
Normal vs. Tumour type P-value
Figure S9 Wavenumber intensity ratio of 1,654 cm−1 (Amide 1
-helix) to 1,446 cm−1 (CH2 bending mode of proteins and
lipids) Raman spectra comparing different tissue types.
S10
Normal vs. Men
P < 0.01
Normal vs. LA
P < 0.01
Normal vs. AA
P < 0.01
Normal vs. GBM
P > 0.05
Normal vs. Mets
P < 0.01

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