Violence Against Women

Report
Violence Against Women
Crimes Against the Minority Majority
•
Those affected by violence
•
Causes for violent behavior
•
Violence by the numbers
-IPV for men and women
-Forms of violence
-An expensive problem
•
Options for resolution
•
Conclusion
• Women of lower socioeconomic status are at a greater
risk for physical violence.
• Women of higher education and socioeconomic status
are at a higher risk for emotional abuse.
• Most cases of violence occur in intimate partner
relationships. Ex: Husband, common law husband,
boyfriend, or ex-boyfriend.
• Women who have no economic freedom and
no social security are at the greatest risk.
•
Social learning models that shape men’s ideas of
masculinity.
•
Mental disorders
•
Substance abuse
•
Exposure to violence or trauma
•
Hormonal influx or an imbalance of serotonin
*
*
*
Most researchers believe it is the interaction of
biological, developmental, and environmental factors.
It is usually men who carry out crimes of violence against women.
Almost always, these men are people that the woman is intimately involved
with, which is why it is referred to as “Intimate Partner Violence”, or IPV.
HOWEVER, IPV also occurs in lesbian relationships, daughtermother relationships, roommates, and any other relationship where two
women are involved.
• 85% of all domestic
violence victims
are women.
• Approximately 1.3
million women are
victims of IPV every
year.
• Only one quarter of
all physical assaults
are reported to
authorities.
Women
Men
10
Per 1,000 population age 12+
9
8
7
1993
2008
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Men
Women
Progress is being made as the years go by, but there is still a disproportionate
amount of women to men who are victims of violence.
Rape
17.6% of
women in
the US are
victims of
rape
32.4% of
21.6% of
rape
all rape
victims
victims
are
are under
between
the age of
the ages of
12
12-17
Stalking
78% of
stalking
victims are
women
Women are
76% of all
60% more
female
likely than
homicide
men to be victims were
stalked by an stalked prior
intimate
to their
partner
murder
Health related costs due to IPV
is estimated at $5.8 Billion
annually. Of that total, $4.1
billion is from direct medical
expenses. $1.8 billion is from
lost wages.
This annual loss is the
equivalent to 32,000 full-time
jobs.
IPV results in 18.5 million
mental health care visits every
year.
Medical Costs
Lost Wages
• More education needs to be
implemented to start
reconstructing dominate
cultural roles.
• More supervised half way
homes for abusers need to be
established. If the abuser is
able to keep their job, they will
still have the opportunity to
provide for their families.
• Empowering women is the number one
way to resolve the problem.
• Educating the society as a whole comes in
a close second.
• Providing victims with a variety of
different services to rehabilitate. Ex: legal
assistance, transitional housing and
supervised visitations.
• Allowing more involvement of the
community and authorities. Violence
against woman is a macro sociological
issue.
Abuse is a social problem that affects
millions in the United States. Not only do the
individuals suffer from the abuse, but her
family, children and community suffer from
a disturbance of peace. This is a larger scale
issue that deserves serious attention.
Through education, women can start to find
their way to a safe place in their lives and
men can start leaving behind the outdated
social models of what it means to be a man.
“The first resistance to social change is to say it's not necessary.”
-Gloria Steinem
• Domestic Violence Resource Center. http://www.dvrcor.org/domestic/violence/resources/C61/ . National statistics. Web. 2012
• The National Academies Press.
http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=5127&page=49 . Causes and
consequences of violence. Web. 2012
• Violence Against Women: The Perspective of Academic Women. Kalaca and
Dunder BMC Public Health. 2010. Academic journal.
www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/10/490
• Violence Against Women ACT. Congressional Digest Jan. 1, 2012. Periodical.
www.congressionaldigest.com January 2012.
• National Coalition Against Domestic Violence.
http://www.ncadv.org/files/DomesticViolenceFactSheet(National).pdf .
Domestic violence facts. Web. 2012
• Onislam. http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/living-islam/islamday-to-day/family/455599-blame-flawed-character-unhappychildhood.html . Stop abuse image. Web. 2012
• It’s all About Power and Control.
http://violenceagainstwomeninternational.wordpress.com/ . Woman
Image. Web. 2011

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