the Webinar Presentation (PowerPoint document)

Report
World Health Organization
(WHO) 5 Moments
and
Hand Hygiene Measurement
Tool Kit for Indiana
July 10, 2013
IHA-APIC
1
Webinar Agenda
• Overview & Introductions –
– Betsy Lee, IHA
– Sonya Mauzey, APIC-Indiana President
• Understanding the WHO 5 Moments for Hand Hygiene
–
Jennifer K. Spivey MSN, RN, CNOR, CIC, Infection Preventionist
• Understanding the APIC-IN Hand Hygiene Measurement
TOOLKIT
– Michele Gonser, RN, BSN, CIC, Infection Preventionist, Parkview Regional Medical
Center
• Hand Hygiene Journey
– Rachel White, MLS(ASCP)CM, CHC, CIC, Infection Prevention Coordinator,
Margaret Mary Community Hospital
• Questions
2
Evaluation
• Webinar funded by CMS through the Partnership for
Patients
• CMS wants 80% of participants to evaluate
educational sessions
• As part of this initiative, our organization agrees to:
– Participate and evaluate: Participate in educational
sessions and technical assistance offerings and provide
feedback and session evaluation in a timely fashion.
• Please complete the simple evaluation by July 18,
2013: https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/HandHygieneWebinar
3
Understanding the WHO 5
Moments for Hand Hygiene
Jennifer K. Spivey MSN, RN, CNOR, CIC
Infection Preventionist
Objectives
 Identify
how the WHO 5 moments for measurement relates
to the indication for hand hygiene contained in the WHO
Guidelines.
 Describe the underlying theory of the WHO 5 moments for
hand hygiene and how that relates to the before and after
indications for opportunities.
 Define the “patient zone” and what is the difference
between an indication, an opportunity, and a moment for
hand hygiene.
 Provide examples for the WHO 5 moments of
measurement consistent with the APIC toolkit for use.
It’s all about measurement

WHO’s decision to address hand hygiene by focusing on 5 moments was
intended to make it easier to understand when there is a risk of pathogen
transmission via the hands.

WHO’s decision also included that the caregiver “memorize” and
assimilate these 5 moments into the dynamics of healthcare activities.

WHO’s intended use is to reduce the number of times when hand
hygiene occurs to the minimum for maximum patient safety.

Endorsed as “Best Practice” measurement by APIC Indiana Board of
Directors 2013, and the Indianapolis Pt Safety Coalition Perioperative
Committee 2012.
It’s all about “Patient zones”

Indications for hand hygiene depend on the health care
works movements between geographical areas (the care
environment and the patient surroundings) called the
“patient zone”:
 Examples of patient zones:
 Half of a semi private room that is dedicated to the patient
 All of a private room
 The immediate area surrounding the patient in a open unit (
PACU or ED)
 The immediate area surrounding the patient in the
operative/procedural room (not the entire OR suite)
It’s all about the “patient zone”
Regardless of whether gloves are used or
not!
-----indicates patient zone-----
Hand hygiene and glove use
 The use of gloves does not replace the need for sanitizing
your hands.
 WHO 5 moments include to sanitize your hands before
and after removal of gloves, regardless of movement
within the 5 moments.
 You should wear gloves only when indicated for use,
otherwise they become a major risk for germ transmission.
Patient zones exist in EDs, PACCU, Clinics...
The OR/Procedural “Patient zone”
Environmental Transmission
Patient zones exist in Ambulatory Care
Special Care Nursery “patient zones”
The Inanimate Environment Can
Facilitate Transmission
X represents VRE culture positive sites
~ Contaminated surfaces increase cross-transmission ~
Abstract: The Risk of Hand and Glove Contamination after Contact with a
VRE (+) Patient Environment. Hayden M, ICAAC, 2001, Chicago, IL.
Survival of Pathogens on surfaces









C Difficle
Staphylococcus
VRE
Aceintobacter
Norovirus
Adenovirus
Rotovirus
SARS, HIV etc.
H1N1- Influenza A









> 5 months!
7 months
4 months
5 months
3 weeks
3 months
3 months
Days to week
Few days
Its all about theory of prevention of transmission
Health-care activity is made up of a succession of tasks during which
health-care workers hands touch different types of surfaces (patient,
objects, body fluids, etc.).
Depending on the order in which these contacts occur, pathogen
transmission from one source to the must be interrupted, as contact is a
potential source of contamination.
It is during the interval between two contacts that the moments
(indication or indications) for hand hygiene occur.
Indications, opportunities, and moments
The before indications are present when there is a risk of microbial
transmission to the patient; the actions that correspond to these
indications protect the patient.
The after indications are present when there is a risk of microbial
transmission to the HCW, and/or to the HCW environment or other
person present. The actions that correspond to these indications
protect HCW and the healthcare environment and ultimately other
patients.
The right action, at the right moment…will contribute
significantly to safe care and decrease risk for HAIs.
Indications, opportunities, and moments
The Indications: The reason why hand hygiene is necessary at the given
moment. It is related to the risk of pathogen transmission from one surface to
another. These indications are the “five moments” for hand hygiene.
The Opportunities: This is important when observing compliance. From the
point of view of the observer; the opportunity exists whenever on of the
moments for hand hygiene is present and observed. Several moments can come
together in one opportunity.
The Moments: They occur during movements between geographical areas,
during transitions between tasks near patients, between patients, or some
distance from them.
Before Touching the Patient
Patient Care Units examples:
 shaking hands, stroking a child’s forehead
 helping a patient to move around, get washed
 applying oxygen mask, giving physiotherapy
 taking pulse, blood pressure, chest auscultation,
abdominal palpation, recording ECG
OR and Procedure areas:
 Before checking in your patient in pre op area
 Before bringing pt into the OR suite ( at door) or Before you hook up all items to pt
 Before putting on gloves to help Anesthesia with ET
tube, swan, etc
 Before placement of Foley
 Before Prep
Before Clean/ Aseptic Procedures
Patient Care Units examples:
 brushing the patient's teeth,
instilling eye drops
 skin lesion care, wound dressing, subcutaneous
injection
 catheter insertion, opening a vascular access
system or a draining system, secretion aspiration
 preparation of food, medication, pharmaceutical
products, sterile material.
OR and Procedure areas:
 Placement of Foley catheter
 Placement of IV lines/Swan
 Hanging blood products
 Pouring sterile fluids on field in non- emergencies
After Body Fluid Exposure Risk
Patient Care Units examples:

brushing the patient's teeth, instilling
eye drops, secretion aspiration
•
skin lesion care, wound dressing, subcutaneous
injection
•
drawing and manipulating any fluid sample, opening a
draining system, endotracheal tube insertion and
removal
•
clearing up urines, feces, vomit, handling waste cleaning
of contaminated and visibly soiled material or areas
(soiled bed linen lavatories, urinal, bedpan, medical
instruments)
OR and Procedure areas examples:
 After handling sponges ( after removal of gloves)
 After emptying urine from Foley bag
 After handling specimens
 Number 4 above applies in both settings
 After taking off gloves from terminal room turnover (end of
series of events- doing dirtiest last)
After Touching the Patient
Patient Care Units examples:
 shaking hands, stroking
a child forehead
 helping a patient to move around, get washed
 applying oxygen mask,
giving physiotherapy
 taking pulse, blood pressure, chest auscultation,
 abdominal palpation,
recording ECG
OR and Procedure areas examples:
 After checking pt in pre op / chart
 After positioning patient/ before throwing sterile
supplies
 After leaving pt in PACCU if you are transporting
 After case gets started this becomes more about
pt’s environment
After touching the Patient Surroundings
Patient Care Units examples:
 changing bed linen, with the patient
out of the bed
 perfusion speed adjustment/ monitoring alarm
 holding a bed rail, leaning against
a bed, a night table clearing the bedside table
OR and Procedure areas examples:
 Removal of bed linens/drapes- after removing gloves
 After getting case started and moving up equipment/
before charting
 Hunting and gathering supplies ( non urgentdepends on case: foam in/foam out)
 Use critical thinking skills it is a sterile environment/
think of high touch surfaces having greater risk if not
decontaminated between cases
 Do Not be too hard on yourself or your team!

Putting it all together
Why do the 5 moments not include hand hygiene before touching furniture in
the patient’s immediate environment?
 The 5 moments are prioritized on the basis of risk transmission. There is not an
indication to perform hand hygiene before touching the patient’s environment (bed
frame- rails, bedside table, patient table).
The most important reason why is the fact that any object or surface in the patient’s
immediate surroundings is part of the “patient zone” and is considered
contaminated by the patient’s own pathogens.
Putting it all together
The first moment on approaching the patient is moment 1. “Before Patient
contact”
Before entering the patient zone (crossing that theoretical dotted line) which
separates the pt. environment from the healthcare environment.
The indication is immediately before touching the patient.
If the bedside table is touched hand hygiene does not need to occur before
this action.
Hand hygiene should occur either when entering the pt. zone and before
touching the table and then touching the patient, or after touching the table and
immediately before touching the patient.
In both cases the indication is “before patient contact”.
Putting it all together
When observing hand hygiene always remember to ask: Is what I am
observing an indication for hand hygiene according to the Five
moments?
If no, then there is no need for hand hygiene.
There is no indication for “before patient environment” when in the patient
zone. If you sanitize your hands when entering the patient zone, you may touch
the environment and then the patient because your hands will be contaminated
with that individual patients pathogens.
In the event that you touch the patients environment only and not the patient
you must sanitize your hands when leaving the patient zone according to the
moment, after contact with the patient’s immediate environment.
Putting it all together
Why does “Before Aseptic Task” include many tasks which are not usually
associated with the term aseptic task; i.e. Oral care?
This is for simplicity sake to include any task or procedure that involve contact
with the patient’s mucous membranes or non intact skin, or with any invasive
medical device.
This is the time that when in the patient zone, you must sanitize your hands
just before this task. This is one of the most important moments that matter
most to prevent device related infections and SSIs.
Putting it all together
How to apply the 5 moments in multiple bed occupancy or sub optimal
spaces:
These patients often times become colonized by the same microbes.
Compliance is still important, focus on moments 2 and 3….before aseptic
procedures and after body fluid risk exposure to capture the highest
risk for transmission when proximity of the patient zone is shared space.
Use critical thinking skills and logic when undertaking tasks within this
patient environment; the indications before and after patient contact, when
moving from one patient to the other.
In sub optimal spaces, the principles can still be applied if you use each bed
as its own zone.
Examples of Physician Non
compliance







Before and after removal of gloves! Surgeons, Anesthesia, all specialties.
Lack of performance of hand hygiene before or after patient contact. (
includes isolation rooms with proper PPE)
Before, during and after aseptic procedures- starting lines, gloves are not
enough, sanitize hands before and after removal of gloves.
Soiled gloves left on after finished with procedures, or central or arterial
line manipulation.
Preparing drugs or equipment for a procedure to follow with soiled
gloves .
Other: picking up something off the floor then proceeding with patient
care or contact without sanitizing hands.
No hand hygiene when in the patient zone regardless of indications.
Understanding the APIC-IN
Hand Hygiene Measurement
TOOL KIT
Michele Gonser, RN, BSN, CIC
Infection Preventionist
Parkview Regional Medical Center
Objectives

Purpose of the Tool Kit

Background

APIC Indiana Recommendations
◦ Measurement
◦ Data Collectors
◦ Sample Size
◦ Continuous Improvement
Tool Kit Purpose

To reduce harm from
preventable HAIs

To adopt best
practices with hand
hygiene measurement
•
To assist with standardization of hand
hygiene measurement and reporting
Tool Kit Background

Hand hygiene – the most important method
to reduce transmission of organisms

Best practice standards must be selected

Measuring adherence is fundamental and
complex

The basics of measurement follows evidence
based principles
Determine WHAT to Measure

Activity
◦ Hand hygiene
◦ PPE use

Method
◦ Alcohol based hand foam vs. soap and water
◦ All hand hygiene

Discipline
◦ Department-specific staff
◦ All healthcare workers
Determine WHAT to Measure

Time-Frame
◦ All open hours – evenings/nights/weekends
◦ Business hours

Communication
◦ Reporting
◦ Process improvement
Data Collectors

Training program
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
WHO 5 Moments
Anonymous observation
Forms and tools
Random sampling
Consistent standardization = reliable data
Knowledge assessment
Sample Size

Estimate opportunities
◦ Calculate annually
◦ Include in Risk Assessment

Minimum sample
◦ The larger the sample the more reliable the data
◦ Refer to Risk Assessment

Implement Sample Size tools
◦ TJC suggested sample size
◦ Estimating Hand Hygiene Opportunities
TJC Sample Size




Population size of < 30 = sample 100% of available cases
Population size of 30-100 = sample 30 cases
Population size of 101-500 = sample 50 cases
Population size of > 500 = sample 70 cases
Estimating HH Opportunities
Total number of ICU beds
Multiply by 12 (estimated number of opportunities)
Multiply by 24 (# of hours in the day)
Multiply by 30 (# of days in the month)
Equals estimated number of ICU opportunities:___________
Number of opportunities currently observed: __________
Total number of med/surg beds
Multiply by 6 (estimated number of opportunities)
Multiply by 24 (# of hours in the day)
Multiply by 30 (# of days in the month)
Equals the estimated number of Med/Surg opportunities:___________
Number of opportunities currently observed: __________
Future Goal: _____________
Estimating HH Opportunities
Total number of Ancillary patients per hour
Multiply by 3 (estimated number of opportunities)
Multiply by # of hours open per day
Multiply by # of days open per month
Equals the estimated number of Ancillary opportunities:_______________
Number of opportunities currently observed: __________
Add all 3 numbers together to get the total
number of opportunities
Number of opportunities currently observed: __________
Future Goal: _____________
Continuous Improvement

Annual assessment
◦ Measurement system
◦ Data reliability

Set goals
◦ Increase sample size
◦ Improve process

Compare data trends
Measurement Tools

Sample Data Collection Forms
◦ Paper monitoring tools
◦ iScrub Lite

Hand Hygiene Observations
Circle YES if hand hygiene is performed using soap & w ater or alcohol hand rub.
#1 Upon entry to the room before touching the patient or the environment.
#2 Before clean/aseptic procedure.
#3 After body fluid exposure risk.
#4 After touching a patient w hen leaving patient zone
#5 After touching patient surroundings w hen leaving patient zone.
#1
#3
#4
#5
MD
RN
HCA
RT
Other
Yes / No Yes / No Yes / No Yes / No Yes / No
MD
RN
HCA
RT
Other
Yes / No Yes / No Yes / No Yes / No Yes / No
MD
RN
HCA
RT
Other
Yes / No Yes / No Yes / No Yes / No Yes / No
Sample Educational Materials
◦ Training slides
◦ Testing

#2
Person Observed
Sample Handouts
◦ 5 Moments Fact Sheet – long form
◦ Fact Sheet – short form
Comments
Tool Kit Summary

APIC Indiana Hand Hygiene Measurement
Recommended Guidelines
◦ Standardized Measurement
◦ Trained Data Collectors
◦ Valid Sample Size
◦ Easy-To-Use Tools
◦ Timely Communication
◦ Continuous Improvement
Hand Hygiene Journey
Southeastern Indiana Patient Safety Coalition
(SEIPSC)
Rachel White, MLS(ASCP)CM, CHC, CIC
Infection Prevention Coordinator
Margaret Mary Community Hospital
How It All Began

Southeastern Indiana Patient Safety Coalition
◦ Progressive
◦ Movers & Shakers
◦ Transparent

Goal
◦ To find a coalition topic with high patient safety
impact to focus on for Improvement.
Background

The coalition brainstormed and
prioritized High Impact Patient Safety
Focus to work on as a Team.
◦ Hand Hygiene
◦ Invited Infection Preventionists
 Shared individual processes
 Discussed variation
 Requested standard tool kit from APIC
Toolkit Test

Draft version
◦ Tested by all within the coalition
◦ Feedback was forwarded back to APIC
◦ Revisions made

FINAL PRODUCT
◦ Volunteers for 2nd Trial.
◦ Survey Monkey
Evaluation
• Webinar funded by CMS through the Partnership for
Patients
• CMS wants 80% of participants to evaluate
educational sessions
• As part of this initiative, our organization agrees to:
– Participate and evaluate: Participate in educational
sessions and technical assistance offerings and provide
feedback and session evaluation in a timely fashion.
• Please complete the simple evaluation by June 19,
2013: https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/HandHygieneWebinar
48
Thank you
49

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