English 611 CEN 6102 • Terminology in Linguistics and First Session • Literature for Communication Terminolology in Linguistics and Literature for Communication • Instructor: Uthai Piromruen, Ph.D. • Associate Professor Instructor: Uthai Piromruen, Ph.D. Associate Professor First Session • • • • • • • Orientation to the Course Introduction to Language & Linguistics 1. Definition of Language 2. The origins of language 3. Universal properties of language 4. Animals & human language 5. The diversity of linguistics Orientation to the Course • 1. Course title: English 611: Terminology in Linguistics and Literature for Communication • 2. Class schedule: Sunday 1-4 pm. • 3. Room: POTDUANG, Humanities Building #1 • 4. Instructor: Uthai Piromruen, Ph.D. • Associate professor • 5. Weekly Assignments: Group/individual study project/questions • 6. Evaluation: Written Test:Midterm 30% Final 30%, Group/individual Report 30%, Attendance 10%, Grade: S, U: S=Satisfactory, U=Unsatisfactory Orientation to the Course • 1. Course title: CEN 6102 : Terminology in Linguistics and Literature for Communication • 2. Class schedule: Saturday 1-4 pm. • 3. Room: AV, HUMBuilding N0#1. • 4. Instructor: Uthai Piromruen, Ph.D. • Associate professor • 5. Weekly Assignments: Group/individual study project/questions • 6. Evaluation: Written Test:Midterm 30% Final 30%, Group/individual Report 30%, Attendance 10%, Grade: S, U: S=Satisfactory, U=Unsatisfactory Study Project/Question #1 How to set up your project • Select the topic for your study project based on the topics presented in this first session. • Organize a group of three students. • Choose your group leaders and members. • Write down the topic you selected for your group. • Search for more new information from the sources. Questions # 1 • 1. Why human languages are so much different from one another? • 2. Why words can have many meanings? • -List some of them. • 3. Can animals learn a human language? • 4. What branches of linguistics are influencial in today’s living? 1.Introduction to Language & Linguistics Definition of Language • “A finite system of elements and principles that make it possible for speakers to construct sentences to do particular communicative jobs” (Fasold & Connor-Linton, 2006. p. 9, adapted from Finegan and Besner (1989). 2. The origins of language • • • • • 1. The divine source 2. The natural-sound source 3. The oral gesture source 4. Glossogenetics 5. Physical adaptation: the human teeth, lips, mouth and tongue, the human larynx, pharynx, the human brain is lateralized • 6. Interactons and transactions 3. Universal properties of language • • • • • • • Modularity Constituency and recursion Discreteness Productivity Arbitariness Reliance on content Variability • (Fasold and Connor-Linton, 2006, pp.1-7) 5. The Diversity of Linguistics 1.6 What is Linguistics? • Linguistics—A scientific study of language. • -The systematic inquiry into human language—into its structures and uses and the relationship between them, as well as into the development and acquisition of language The scope of linguistics • Includes both language structure (and the grammatical competence underlying it) • And language use (and its underlying Communicative competence) The branches of linguistics. • Historically, the central focus of language study has been grammar—patterns of speech sounds, word structure, sentence formation, and meaning. • More recently, attention has also focused on the relationship between expression and meaning, and context and interpretation, which is called Pragmatics Other branches of Linguistics • Language variation across speech communication or within a single community, across time and across situations of use. It seeks two kinds of explanation—cognitive ones—the human language-processing and the social ones--social interaction and the organization of societies The third group of linguists • Applies the findings of the discipline to realworld problems in Educational matters, to the acquisition of literacy (reading and writing) and of second languages and foreign languages; in clinical matters, to understanding aspects of Alzheimer’s disease and aphasia; in forensic settings, to analyze the conversation for evidence of conspiracy and others for legal matters, in language policies for cross-cultural communication Linguistcs Disciplines • Theoretical Linguistics: • -Phonetics, Phonology, Syntax, • Semantics, Language acquisition, • Applied Linguistics: • -Psycholinguistics • -Sociolinguistics • -Neurolinguistics • -Anthropological linguistics • -Historical linguistics • -Pragmatics • -Computational linguistics Questions # 2 The sounds of language • 1. What is articulatory phonetics? • 2. How are speech sounds made? • 3. How many different sounds do languages use? • 4. How does sound travel through the air? • 5. How is it registered by the ears? • 6. How can we measure speech?