Egypt - Prof Mohsen Aboulnaga Presnetation

Report
RECREE at Glance
IMPROVING THE FEASIBILITY OF
RENEWABLE ENRGY
POWER PROJECTS IN EGYPT AND ARAB WORLD
4-5 June 2014, Beirut – Lebanon
Prof Dr Mohsen M Aboulnaga
Associate Expert, RCREEE
Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
Professor of Sustainable Built Environment
Govt. Strategy and Policy Advisor
Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University (CUFE)
Climate Change Risks
Manifestation of Climate Change
Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
2
Snow & Cold storm, Cairo-Egypt, Dec. 2013
Since 112 years
Climate change
Cairo snow
/
(image Source: http://urbanmediadaily.com/cairo-gets-first-snowfall-100-years
Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
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Recent stormy floods in Sinai, Red Sea & Aswan
Egypt, May 2014
Sinai
Red Sea
Taba
Aswan
Climate change Risks
(image Source: www.google.com
Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
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Recent
stormy floods in Sinai, Red Sea & Aswan
Despite the fact the Greenhouse gases' emissions is
Egypt, May 2014
forming almost 1% of the World’s emissions,
“Egypt is one of the nations that
will be heavily affected by the
impact of Climate Change
phenomena."
Source: IPCCC recent report on Climate Change
Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
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The UNEP stated that no single nation
can achieve the reduction of CO2
emissions and meet its set targets by
excluding buildings from their
national strategy & action plans.
Source: WWW.UNEP 2010
Copyright © 2014 Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
6
CO2 Emissions by sector
Source: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 4th Report, 2007
Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
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Sustainable Energy in
Egypt and Arab World
Energy
efficiency
Renewable
energy
Images credit: www.enterpriseconnect.gov.au
Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
Electrical Energy Consumption in Egypt
Egyptian-German High Level Joint Committee for cooperation on renewable energy and energy efficiency and environmental protection (JCEE)
40%
In Germany,
buildings
account for
Building40 % of
Buildingenergy ,
related
related
requirements
2014
70%
52%
Source: DENA
* Responsible for higher peak loads in summer.
Source: http://www.jcee-eg.net/reee.asp?sublinkID=28#148
Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
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Electrical Energy use in Existing Building, Egypt
85%
40%
Existing
buildings
34%
40%
6%
Total Electricity consumed in Electricity consumption in
Residentioal Buildings
Exsisting Residentail buildings
Electricity consumption in
New Residentail buildings
Source: http://www.jcee-eg.net/reee.asp?sublinkID=28#148
Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
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Outlines





An Overview on RCREEE and its Mission
Current Electrical Energy in Egypt
Brief on the Egyptian RE & EE Programmes
Role of incentives provided by Government in developing RE industry in Egypt
Role of RCREEE in Serving the RE & EE Programmes in Egypt
Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
RCREEE at Glance
The Regional Center for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency
Independent
not-for-profit
Headquartered
in
centre
Cairo, Egypt
13
1st Phase
2nd phase 2014
Arab member
countries
funded by Egypt &
Development partners
all member countries
will participate in its
financing
Established in
2008
Legitimacy through
regional
governments
12
(Germany, Denmark & EU)
Run through native
qualified
experts
Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
Built strong
global partners
network
RCREEE Member States
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Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya,
Morocco, Palestine, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, Yemen
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Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
RCREEE’s Mission
To enable a Sustainable Growth in Arab states,
and Adoption of Renewable Energy and Energy
Regional
Policy “”
dialogues
14
3
2
1
Efficiency applications and initiatives through leading:
Learning
Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
Research
EGYPTIAN RENEWABLE ENERGY
& ENERGY EFFICIENCY
PROGRAMMES
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Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
BRIEF on the EGYPTIAN RE & EE
PROGRAMMES
Related Governmental Institutions:
Ministry
of
Electricity
and
Energy
(MOEE)
New and
Renewable
Energy
Authority
(NREA)
Egyptian
Electricity
Utility &
Consumer
Protection
Regulatory
Agency
(EgyptEra)
(Principal
Policy)
(Execute
RE
Projects)
(Licensing
&
16
supervision)
Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
The
Supreme
Council
for Energy
(Policies
&
Pricing)
Energy
Efficiency
Unit of the
Information
and
Decision
Center of
the
Egyptian
Cabinet
(EEU)
Energy
Conservation
Unit for
MOEE
RE in the Egyptian Electricity Mix
2014
Wind &
Egypt
has more than
20 years
of experience in renewable
Hydro,
9.8%
Gas, 8.3%
Solar;
2.4%
energy electricity generation.
Steam,
44.3%
1.2% 2010
2.2% 2013
30%
Germany
Combined
Cycle, 35.2%
Access to Electricity more than 99%
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Total Installed Capacity (GW)
~31
Total Produced Energy (TWh)
~158
Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
New & Renewable Energy Authority (NREA)
The New & Renewable Energy Authority was established in Egypt in 1986
with the goal of promoting and supporting the implementation of RE
projects in Egypt.
NREA RE projects in operation
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Wind
Solar
Project: Wind project in Hurgada
Capacity: 5 MW
Developer: Public (NREA)
In operation since: 1993
Project: Kuraymat CSP
Capacity: 20 MW
Developer: Public (NREA)
In operation since: 2011
Project: Wind farms in Zafarana
Capacity: 545 MW
Developer: Public (NREA)
In operation since: 2001-2010
Project: Small scale off-grid PV
Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
systems
Capacity: 15 MW
Developer: Public & Private
Project: Kuraymat CSP
20 MW
Capacity:
Developer: Public (NREA)
In operation since: 2011
Project: Wind farms in Zafarana
Capacity:
545 MW
Developer: Public (NREA)
In operation since: 2001-2010
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Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
Role of Incentives Provided by
the Egyptian Government
in Developing Renewable Energy
Industry in Egypt
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Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
Private Sector Participation in Egypt
Electricity Generation
Independent Power Producers (IPP)
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1
• Law 100 (1996) authorizes private sector
generate electricity in Egypt.
2
• Currently a sum of 2050 MW
representing about 7% of the country
generation capacity is being produced and
operated by IPP.
3
• The General Tendering Law 89 (1998)
provided legal frameworks for regulating
tendering process for deployment of
Renewable Energy projects in Egypt.
Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
IPP
7%
Public
93%
Total private generation
capacity (MW)
2050
In Feb. 2008 the
Supreme Council
of Energy (SCE)
announced RE
Strategy with the
target to have 20%
3
2
1
The Egyptian Government Policy
In July 2012 SCE
approved
additional
targets of 3500
MW of solar
energy: 2800 MW
(CSP) and 700
(PV) by 2027.
of power
generation mix
from RE by 2020.
RE targets (MW installed capacity)
Wind PV
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CSP
Total
Targets Date
7200 220 1100
8520
2020
700 2800
3500
2027
Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
Private
investment share
of 67%
including
enhancement of
relevant local
industry.
RE Supporting policies
- NREA put a Plan for the installation of
2500 MW of Wind farms under
BOO scheme, to be issued in blocks of 250
MW each.
In order to promote local
manufacturing, the bid evaluation
process will offer an advantage to
the use of locally manufactured
components.
23
Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
Role of RCREEE
in Fostering and Advancing
Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency
Programmes in Egypt
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Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
RCREEE’s RELATED PROJECTS
RCREEE’s role is to assist all member countries in the following
result areas:
1
2
3
4
5
• Facts:
• Policy:
• People:
• Institutions
• Finance:
• Reliability
through
regionally
consistent
methodologies
• Enhancement
through
regional
dialogues
and
• Human
capacity
through
regional
learning
and
• Effectiven
ess
through
regional
cooperation
• Accessibility
to int’l &
regional
funds
through
interregional
exchange
coordination
innovation
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Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
Egypt is a leading Arab country in institutional capacity
Dedicated RE Agencies;
Stronger perceived
institutional capacity
Scores the highest under
World Bank Ease of Doing
Business index
Dedicated RE Agency;
Dedicated land for
renewables;
Largest installed
capacity by NREA
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Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
RCREEE Publications
Renewable
Energy
Country
Profiles 2012
The Annual
Progress Report
of NEEAPs
(Arabic)
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Energy
Efficiency
Country
Profiles 2012
Land Use
Agreement
Model
Latest Electricity
Price Schemes in
RCREEE Member
States
SHAMCI
Certification
Rules
Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
CDM in
RCREEE
Member
States
Power
Purchase
Agreement
Model
http://www.rcreee.org/publications/
Wind of Change
in Arab and
International
Energy
Systems:
Electricity from
Wind (Arabic)
Energy Efficiency
Indicators in the
Southern and
Eastern
Mediterranean
Countries
RCREEE
Member States
among the First
Movers to the
NAMAs
Energy Efficiency
Labels and Standards
for Home Appliances
in RCREEE Member
States (Arabic)
Conclusions
28
1
• Due to NREA’s efforts, Egypt has conducted a detailed
resource quality assessment and has published a
comprehensive RE atlases.
2
• Egypt is the only country in the region that has officially
3
• To attract investments, Egypt is trying to improve its
4
• RCREEE will continue to support Egypt effort to
promote RE as well as Arab World including Lebanon.
allocated. land specifically for development
of renewables
policy landscape.
Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
ISBN 978-3-642-38669-5
The book
will be
published
by Springer
Jan 2015
International book
Handbook on Climate Change Adaptation
(1st Edition)
Book Editor: Prof Walter Leal (BSc, PhD, DSc, DPhil, DL, DLitt, DEd.)
Senior Professor and Head of the Research and Transfer Centre "Applications of Life Sciences" at the Hamburg
University of Applied Sciences in Germany and at London Metropolitan University Business School.
Authors of Chapter 124
Professor Manal El-Batran & Professor Mohsen Aboulnaga
“Climate Change Adaptation: an Overview on Challenges and Risks in Cities, Regions
Affected, Cost and benefits of Adaptation and Finance Mechanisms”
http://www.springer.com/environment/global+change+-+climate+change/book/978-3-642-386695?detailsPage=authorsAndEditors
Copyright © 2014 Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
29
ISBN: 978-0-12-397269-9
The book
was
released by
Elsevier-USA
on 10th Oct
2013
International book
Sustainability, Energy and Architecture
Case Studies in Realizing Green Buildings (1st Edition)
Editor/Author: Professor A. Sayigh
World Renewable Energy Congress/Network (WREC/WREN), Brighton, UK
Author of Chapter 6
Professor Mohsen Aboulnaga
Sustainable Building for a Greener and an Efficient Built Environment:
New and Existing Case Studies in Dubai
URL- http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123972699000062
URL- http://www.amazon.com/Sustainability-Energy-Architecture-Realizing-Buildings/dp/0123972698
Copyright © 2014 Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
30
ISBN-139-7-899-4814741-1
The book
was
released by
ECSSR on
18th Dec
2013
International book
Technology and the Future of Energy
(1st Edition)
Author:
Emirates Centre for Strategic Studies & Research - ECSSR, Abu Dhabi,
Author of Chapter 11
Professor Mohsen Aboulnaga
Urbanization, Sustainable Cities, and the Gulf
http://www.waterstones.com/waterstonesweb/products/ecssr/technology+and+the+future+of+energy/10345459/
Copyright © 2014 Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
31
Copyright © 2014 EgyptGBC/ UNHABITAT
32
Thank You
Dr. Mohsen M. Aboulnaga
Professor of Sustainable Built Environment
Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University (FE-CU)
Associate Expert at RECEEE
+2011 28181113
[email protected]
Mohsen [email protected] │
Copyright © 2014 RCREEE / Prof. Mohsen Aboulnaga
33

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