DIFFERENT TYPES OF LITURATURE Historical fiction is fiction that is set in the past. It may contain references to actual people and significant events in history. Example -the short story “The Dog of Pompeii”is is set in a real time and place, but the characters are fictional. DRAMA • Drama-A drama or play is a form of literature meant to be performed to an an audience. • Examples: “A Mid Summer Nights Dream” by William Shakespeare • A folk tale is a simple story that has been passed down from generation to generation by mouth. The characters are usually common people • Examples:Rapunzel TALL TALE •A tall tale is a humorous,exaggerated story. •The stories Paul Bunyan and Pecos Bill Essay An essay is a short work of nonfiction that deals with a single subject. You can express ideas or feelings to analyze a topic. •An exAmple is “All i really needed to know I learned in kindergArten” by Robert fulghum Biography • The True life story, of a person written by another person. • Example: The Pride of Puerto Rico by Robert Paul Walker Autobiography • A person’s true life story told by that person. • Example: “The Story of My Life”, by Helen Keller A fairy tale is a fantasy story that has royalty (princesses , kings, and queens) as main characters and usually a lot of magic. Example- “The Little Mermaid” and “Sleeping Beauty” by Hans Christian Anderson A short story is a form of fiction that is between 5-30 pages and has all of the elements of fiction in a fiction novel. (setting, conflict, plot, theme, etc) short story can be any type of fiction, or biography and autobiography “Cricket in the Road” is a perfect example of a short story by Michael Anthony A fable is a brief story that teaches a lesson about life. In many fables, the characters are animals that act and speak like human beings. A fable often ends with a moral a statement that summarizes its lesson. “The wolf and the House Dog” is an example of a fable. Poetry • A type of literature, in which ideas, images and feelings are expressed- written in verse • Example: “I’m Nobody! Who Are You?” by Emily Dickinson Literature that contains at least one or more fantastic or unreal element. Example: “ThePhantom Tollbooth”, by: Norton Juster Legends A legend is a story that is handed down from the past and may be stretched over time- based on a real person, but exaggerated over time. Examples: Daniel Boone, Johnny Apple seed, and Buffalo bill A type of fiction that is set in the future or on other planets and focuses on possible advancement in science, or what the future may hold. Example- “The Fun They Had” by Isaac Asimov Resource Materials Non fiction resources used to getting facts. Examples: encyclopedia, dictionary, almanac, atlas, essays, Internet, thesaurus etc.