Biology

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Biology
Ch. 22 Review
A plant is a(an)
1. unicellular prokaryote.
2. multicellular
prokaryote.
3. unicellular eukaryote.
4. multicellular eukaryote.
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Which of the following is NOT a
characteristic of all plants?
1.
2.
3.
4.
are eukaryotic
have cell walls
produce seeds
are
multicellular
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To produce spores, all plants
must undergo
1.
2.
3.
4.
mitosis.
meiosis.
fertilization.
asexual
reproduction.
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Plants use the energy of sunlight to
1. exchange gases with the
atmosphere.
2. take in water from the
soil.
3. carry out cellular
respiration.
4. carry out photosynthesis.
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Without gas exchange, a plant
would be unable to
1.
2.
3.
4.
make food.
absorb sunlight.
make minerals.
absorb water
from the soil.
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Which of the following is NOT true?
1. Plants have adaptations that
maximize light absorption.
2. Plants require more water on a
sunny day.
3. Plants get the water they need
from the atmosphere.
4. Plants can lose water while
exchanging gases with the
atmosphere.
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The first plants evolved from
1. mosses.
2. an organism similar to
multicellular green algae.
3. a protist that lived on
land.
4. photosynthetic
prokaryotes.
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Living on land required that
plants
1. evolve
photosynthetic
pigments.
2. conserve water.
3. exchange gases.
4. have cell walls.
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Without plants,
1. animals could not live on
land.
2. there would be no green
algae in the oceans.
3. animals could not undergo
cellular respiration.
4. there would be no carbon
dioxide in the atmosphere.
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Which of the following statements is true
about bryophytes?
1. They have specialized tissues
that conduct water.
2. They draw up water by
osmosis.
3. They are not highly dependent
on water.
4. They are a group of plants
made up of algae and mosses.
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Bryophytes need standing water to
1. reproduce.
2. draw up water by
osmosis.
3. undergo
photosynthesis.
4. grow tall.
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Because bryophytes do not have
vascular tissue, they
1. do not conduct water.
2. grow close to the
ground.
3. can draw up water only
a few centimeters above
the ground.
4. all of the above
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In liverworts, the structures that
produce eggs and sperm look like
1.
2.
3.
4.
fronds.
horns.
liver.
tiny green
umbrellas.
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Which one of the following
structures has functions similar to
that of roots?
1.
2.
3.
4.
gemma
rhizoid
capsule
stalk
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Which of the following is NOT true
about mosses?
1. They are the most common
bryophytes.
2. Long, thin cells called gemmae
anchor them in the ground.
3. They are the most abundant
plants in polar regions.
4. Some mosses form clumps of
gametophytes growing
together.
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What is the sperm-producing
structure of a bryophyte?
1.
2.
3.
4.
gemma
archegonium
rhizoid
antheridium
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Which of the following is
LEAST related to the others?
1.
2.
3.
4.
protonema
sporophyte
gametophyte
rhizoid
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In bryophytes, haploid reproductive
cells are produced by the
1. haploid stage.
2. diploid stage.
3. gametophyte and
sporophyte.
4. all of the above
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Which of the following includes
all the others?
1.
2.
3.
4.
xylem
vascular tissue
phloem
tracheids
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Xylem and phloem are NOT
1. conducting
tissues.
2. vascular tissues.
3. present in
bryophytes.
4. present in ferns.
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Xylem tissue is important to ferns because it
1. can conduct water over
long distances.
2. allows water to diffuse
into the roots.
3. carries carbohydrates to
all parts of the plant.
4. allows ferns to reproduce
in dry environments.
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Club mosses are
1. nonvascular
plants.
2. seed plants.
3. seedless vascular
plants.
4. none of the
above
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Horsetails do NOT
1. have xylem
tissue.
2. produce seeds.
3. have roots.
4. have phloem
tissue.
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Which of the following statements is true?
1. Ferns can thrive in areas with
little light.
2. Unlike club mosses, ferns
grow in moist environments.
3. Fern fronds grow from the
plant’s roots.
4. The leaves of Equisetum lack
bundles of vascular tissue.
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1.
2.
3.
4.
Fern spores are
produced by the
gametophyte.
produced in the
rhizomes.
called sori.
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produced in
sporangia.
1
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Which of the following structures
in ferns is diploid?
1.
2.
3.
4.
gametophyte
sporangium
egg
spore
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How is the fern life cycle different from the
moss life cycle?
1. A fern gametophyte always
has both archegonia and
antheridia.
2. The young gametophyte is
haploid.
3. The mature sporophyte is
diploid.
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4. The mature sporophyte grows
from the gametophyte.
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2
3
4
Which of the following includes
a plant embryo, a food supply,
and a protective covering?
1.
2.
3.
4.
pollen grain
spore
seed
gametophyte
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Seed-bearing plants differ from
all other plants in that
1. they have vascular tissue.
2. they do not have a
gametophyte generation.
3. their gametes do not
require water for
fertilization to occur.
4. all of the above
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The gametophytes of
gymnosperms are found inside
reproductive structures called
1.
2.
3.
4.
flowers.
cones.
embryos.
angiosperms.
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When land environments became drier
millions of years ago,
1. many moss and fern species
became extinct.
2. mosses evolved vascular tissue.
3. mosses and ferns no longer
required water for reproduction.
4. many angiosperm species
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became extinct.
1
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The most ancient surviving seed
plants are the
1.
2.
3.
4.
mosses.
liverworts.
ferns.
gymnosperms.
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Which of the following statements is NOT true?
1. Seed plants can coexist with
seedless plants.
2. The evolution of seed plants caused
many species of mosses and ferns to
become extinct.
3. Early seed plants were successful
because they were adapted to dry
environments.
4. Fossils of seed-bearing plants exist
from almost 360 million years ago.
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The four groups of gymnosperms
are conifers, cycads, ginkgoes, and
1.
2.
3.
4.
bryophytes.
horsetails.
liverworts.
gnetophytes.
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Which gymnosperms produce
exposed seeds?
1. conifers only
2. conifers and cycads only
3. conifers and ginkgoes
only
4. conifers, cycads,
gnetophytes, and
ginkgoes
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There is evidence that Ginkgo
biloba
1. was the first gymnosperm to
have evolved.
2. evolved before most other
living species of seed plants.
3. evolved from an angiosperm.
4. has characteristics that differ
greatly from its ancestors.
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Angiosperms produce seeds
inside protective structures called
1.
2.
3.
4.
pollen grains.
cones.
ovaries.
petals.
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Which term below is least closely
related to the others?
1.
2.
3.
4.
fruit
seed
ovary
cone
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The specialized reproductive
structure that evolved most
recently is the
1.
2.
3.
4.
seed.
pollen grain.
ovary.
gametophyte.
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An example of a monocot is a
1.
2.
3.
4.
tomato.
lily.
rose.
daisy.
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The number of seed leaves distinguishes
1. club mosses from mosses.
2. angiosperms from
gymnosperms.
3. two classes of
angiosperms.
4. seed plants from seedless
plants.
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Unlike a dicot, a monocot has
1. four or five petals
per flower.
2. two cotyledons.
3. taproots.
4. parallel leaf veins.
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Flowering plants that complete a
life cycle within a single growing
season are called
1.
2.
3.
4.
annuals.
dicots.
perennials.
monocots.
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Which type of plant lives the
longest?
1.
2.
3.
4.
annual
biennial
perennial
none of the
above
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Which of the following statements is NOT true?
1. The roots of a perennial do not
die at the end of the growing
season.
2. A biennial is smaller during its
second growing season.
3. The stems of some perennials die
at the end of the growing season.
4. A biennial flowers only once.
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If an organism is multicellular, it
cannot be a plant.
1. True
2. False
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Losing excessive amounts of water
through evaporation may affect a
plant’s ability to carry out
photosynthesis.
1. True
2. False
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2
The figure shows the evolutionary
relationship of the major plant groups
living on Earth today.
1. True
2. False
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Bryophytes are low-growing
because they lack vascular tissue.
1. True
2. False
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2
Bryophytes include ferns,
liverworts, and hornworts.
1. True
2. False
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2
Having archegonia and antheridia
located on the same moss plant
would help ensure fertilization.
1. True
2. False
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2
Xylem tissue transports solutions
of nutrients and carbohydrates
produced by photosynthesis.
1. True
2. False
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1
0%
2
The thick cell walls of tracheids
prevent the cells from bulging
when water moves through them.
1. True
2. False
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2
Tracheids extend from the roots
to the leaves of a club moss.
1. True
2. False
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2
A frond is part of a fern’s haploid
stage.
1. True
2. False
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0%
2
The most important adaptation that
enabled the ancestors of gymnosperms
and angiosperms to live in dry
environments was the spore.
1. True
2. False
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2
Welwitschia is a gnetophyte that
lives in the desert.
1. True
2. False
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1
0%
2
Unique reproductive features
commonly known as flowers are
characteristic of gymnosperms.
1. True
2. False
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2
If a seed has two cotyledons, it
will have fibrous roots.
1. True
2. False
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1
0%
2
Biennials are pollinated during
their first year of growth.
1. True
2. False
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1
0%
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