Feudalism - Mr McEntarfer`s Social Studies Page

Report
Aim: What were the characteristics of European
feudalism during the Middle Ages in Europe?
• Do Now: They say
that nothing in this
world is free. What
would you think if
someone gave you a
nice house complete
with servants? What
strings would be
attached?
Homework: Reading and
questions on Manorialism
Mr. McEntarfer – Global II
Instructional Objectives
• We will be able to:
– How did the feudal system work
– What were the obligations between lords,
vassals and serfs?
Agenda
1. Do Now
2. Mini-lesson (notes)
3. Activity
4. Summary Questions and
Review
Definitions
• Middle Ages – A time period between 500
to 1000 AD when Europe was a
backwards society cut off from the
advanced civilizations of the Middle East,
India and China.
• Medieval – Latin term for Middle Age
Feudalism
• A loosely organized system of rule in
which powerful local lords divided their
landholdings among lesser lords, or
vassals, who pledged service and loyalty
to the greater lord.
Mutual Obligations
• A lord granted his vassal (a lesser lord) a fief, or
an estate. In addition to the land and manor
house a fief included peasants to work the land
called serfs.
• In return for the fief the vassal had to make the
estate profitable, protect it and support the lord
in battle against his enemies.
If you were a lord
in feudal Europe
would you give
someone a fief?
Why?
Knights
• The knights were highly trained and armored
warriors appointed by a lord to protect his realm
and that of his king. Knights practiced a code
of chivalry in that they must be brave, loyal
and true to their word.
What word might we
use today that is
similar to the
definition of chivalry?
Peasant Serfs
• Most people in feudal Europe were peasant serfs.
They were not free (virtual slaves) who were forced
to farm and work on the lords estate in exchange
for his protection. The only difference was that they
could not be bought and sold.
How did a serf benefit
from working for the
lord?
What is the difference
between a slave and a
serf?
CONSTRUCTING THE
PYRAMID OR POWER
CONSTRUCTING THE
PYRAMID OF POWER
SERFS AND FREEMEN
CONSTRUCTING THE
PYRAMID OF POWER
LESSER LORDS
(KNIGHTS)
LABOR
PROTECTION
SERFS AND FREEMEN
CONSTRUCTING THE
PYRAMID OF POWER
POWERFUL
LORDS
LAND AND
PROTECTION
LOYALTY AND
MILITARY SERVICE
LESSER LORDS
(KNIGHTS)
LABOR
PROTECTION
SERFS AND FREEMEN
CONSTRUCTING THE
PYRAMID OF POWER
KING
LOYALTY AND
SERVICE
LAND
POWERFUL
LORDS
LAND AND
PROTECTION
LOYALTY AND
MILITARY SERVICE
LESSER LORDS
(KNIGHTS)
LABOR
PROTECTION
SERFS AND FREEMEN
Let’s Review
Identify these people
from top to bottom
1.
2.
3.
4.
Activity – Read and Answer –
“Feudalism”
REVIEW
Let’s see how much you remember!
1) Everyone owed loyalty to the ________
2) _______ were really the most powerful.
They got _______ from the king.
3) Lesser nobles (knights) gave _________
_________ in return for land
4) _______ were bound to the land. They
worked in return for ____________.
Check Your Answers
1) Everyone owed loyalty to the king.
2) Nobles were really the most powerful.
They got land from the king.
3) Lesser nobles (knights) gave military
service in return for land.
4) Serfs were bound to the land. They
worked in return for protection.
Question 1.
Which was a characteristic of feudalism?
1. Land was exchanged for military service
and obligations
2. Government was provided by a
bureaucracy of civil servants
3. Power rested in the hands of a strong
central government
4. Unified national court systems were
developed
Questions 2 and 3
This illustration represents a society based on
•
social class
•
education
•
accumulated wealth
•
political ability
The illustration suggests the European feudal
system was
•
designed to promote political and
economic equality
•
controlled by a powerful middle class
•
intended to provide opportunities for
social mobility
•
supported by the labor of the peasants
Question 4.
Which was a characteristic of
European feudalism?
1. equal division of labor
2. existence of many small semiindependent states
3. emphasis on individual liberties
4. public participation in decision
making
Homework:
• Reading and Question on Manorialism.

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