Aim: What were the characteristics of European feudalism during the Middle Ages in Europe? • Do Now: They say that nothing in this world is free. What would you think if someone gave you a nice house complete with servants? What strings would be attached? Homework: Reading and questions on Manorialism Mr. McEntarfer – Global II Instructional Objectives • We will be able to: – How did the feudal system work – What were the obligations between lords, vassals and serfs? Agenda 1. Do Now 2. Mini-lesson (notes) 3. Activity 4. Summary Questions and Review Definitions • Middle Ages – A time period between 500 to 1000 AD when Europe was a backwards society cut off from the advanced civilizations of the Middle East, India and China. • Medieval – Latin term for Middle Age Feudalism • A loosely organized system of rule in which powerful local lords divided their landholdings among lesser lords, or vassals, who pledged service and loyalty to the greater lord. Mutual Obligations • A lord granted his vassal (a lesser lord) a fief, or an estate. In addition to the land and manor house a fief included peasants to work the land called serfs. • In return for the fief the vassal had to make the estate profitable, protect it and support the lord in battle against his enemies. If you were a lord in feudal Europe would you give someone a fief? Why? Knights • The knights were highly trained and armored warriors appointed by a lord to protect his realm and that of his king. Knights practiced a code of chivalry in that they must be brave, loyal and true to their word. What word might we use today that is similar to the definition of chivalry? Peasant Serfs • Most people in feudal Europe were peasant serfs. They were not free (virtual slaves) who were forced to farm and work on the lords estate in exchange for his protection. The only difference was that they could not be bought and sold. How did a serf benefit from working for the lord? What is the difference between a slave and a serf? CONSTRUCTING THE PYRAMID OR POWER CONSTRUCTING THE PYRAMID OF POWER SERFS AND FREEMEN CONSTRUCTING THE PYRAMID OF POWER LESSER LORDS (KNIGHTS) LABOR PROTECTION SERFS AND FREEMEN CONSTRUCTING THE PYRAMID OF POWER POWERFUL LORDS LAND AND PROTECTION LOYALTY AND MILITARY SERVICE LESSER LORDS (KNIGHTS) LABOR PROTECTION SERFS AND FREEMEN CONSTRUCTING THE PYRAMID OF POWER KING LOYALTY AND SERVICE LAND POWERFUL LORDS LAND AND PROTECTION LOYALTY AND MILITARY SERVICE LESSER LORDS (KNIGHTS) LABOR PROTECTION SERFS AND FREEMEN Let’s Review Identify these people from top to bottom 1. 2. 3. 4. Activity – Read and Answer – “Feudalism” REVIEW Let’s see how much you remember! 1) Everyone owed loyalty to the ________ 2) _______ were really the most powerful. They got _______ from the king. 3) Lesser nobles (knights) gave _________ _________ in return for land 4) _______ were bound to the land. They worked in return for ____________. Check Your Answers 1) Everyone owed loyalty to the king. 2) Nobles were really the most powerful. They got land from the king. 3) Lesser nobles (knights) gave military service in return for land. 4) Serfs were bound to the land. They worked in return for protection. Question 1. Which was a characteristic of feudalism? 1. Land was exchanged for military service and obligations 2. Government was provided by a bureaucracy of civil servants 3. Power rested in the hands of a strong central government 4. Unified national court systems were developed Questions 2 and 3 This illustration represents a society based on • social class • education • accumulated wealth • political ability The illustration suggests the European feudal system was • designed to promote political and economic equality • controlled by a powerful middle class • intended to provide opportunities for social mobility • supported by the labor of the peasants Question 4. Which was a characteristic of European feudalism? 1. equal division of labor 2. existence of many small semiindependent states 3. emphasis on individual liberties 4. public participation in decision making Homework: • Reading and Question on Manorialism.