Role Of Business 11BS104 Topic 9.1 Nature of Business Preliminary Business Studies Course 2011 Ms Giveen Agenda Syllabus Focus Learning the “Lingo” Getting into the detail Syllabus Focus role of business the nature of a business producing goods and services profit, employment, incomes, choice, innovation, entrepreneurship and risk, wealth and quality of life What is a Business? Setting the scene (a) What's a Business? Look Like Sound Like Feel Like Introduction Businesses of all sizes provide a vast array of goods and services. People associate businesses with large transnational corporations like BHP Billiton that operate in many countries, employ thousands of people and earn millions of dollars in profit. 98% of all businesses in Australia are SMEs – small to medium enterprises. The common feature shared by businesses is that they produce a product – good or service – which is sold in a market where buyers and sellers meet. Why Learn About Business? It is concerned with activities affecting us on a day-to-day basis. Stories about business can make us feel: Optimistic – developments of new products that helped improve our standard of living. Dejected and cynical – poor ethical behaviour that has misled the public about safety standards or exploited weaker members of society. The simple transaction of purchasing your first item from the school canteen may have been the start of your life journey as a business customer. What Businesses are in the News? Name at least 3 businesses that have been in the news recently? Has it been for good or bad behaviour? How does this affect your opinion of them? Will it have any influence on your future likely interactions with them? Importance Of Business Studies To You Successful Business Owner Informed Investor Business Studies Informed consumer Productive employee (a) Why is Business Important to the Australian Economy? Draw a fishbone diagram & note some ideas Cause Cause Problem Cause Cause One way of looking at it Standards of living Economic development Taxes Profit • Employment income • Investments • Imports & exports • Investment revenue • Retail Spending • Goods • Services • Technology development • Food • Housing • Infrastructure Importance of Business to the Economy Employment and income for employees Encourages competition Income for business owners Research and development of new products hence invention and innovation Taxes for government Undertake investment leading to economic growth A wide range of goods for consumers Challenges and rewards for business owners Improves our quality of life Training for entrepreneurs Exports products which generate income and reduce our trade deficit Creates value encouraging economic growth Assists in the development and use of new technology (a) Activity Select 5 elements discussed in the Importance of Business to the economy activity. Explain why each one is important to the Australian economy Did you know? Australia is home to citizens from some 200 countries, making it the most multilingual workforce in the Asia– Pacific region. More than 4 million Australians speak a second language. Department of Foreign Affairs & Trade, 2008 Playing with Numbers Is Starting A Business Right For You? (a) Do you enjoy making decisions and being in charge ? A. Definitely B. Most of the time C. Sometimes D. Not at all If you answered: A You are definitely suited to be being a business owner When you start a business, you’re the one that has to make all the decisions, and live with the results of your choices. But this is one of the aspects of starting a business that would-be entrepreneurs look forward to. In fact, in an RBC (Royal Bank of Canada) Survey (conducted in August 2005), 81% of the people who said they wanted to start a business within the next five years chose being their own boss as the main reason they wanted to start a business. If you didn’t there are many other rewarding careers possible (a) Learn the Lingo Complete the following activity sheet. It is designed to be a useful tool to organise your information for exam revision purposed 11 BS Role of business worksheet.docx You can either use your text book or a website such as http://www.businessdictionary.com/ The Nature of A Business The Nature Of A Business People all have needs and wants. Businesses are: “ the organised effort of individuals to produce and sell for a profit the products (goods and services) that satisfy individual needs and wants” And Businesses produce products customers demand. “ The business hopes to make a profit with the products sold in the market” (a) What’s the difference between: a good a service a product Goods •Inherently useful and relatively scarce tangible item (article, commodity, material, merchandise, supply, wares) produced from agricultural, construction, manufacturing, or mining activities. •Commodity, or a physical, tangible item that satisfies some human want or need, or something which people find useful or desirable and make an effort to acquire it. Services •Intangible products such as accounting, banking, cleaning, consultancy, education, insurance, know how, medical treatment, transportation. •No transfer of possession or ownership takes place when services are sold, and they •(1) cannot be stored or transported, • (2) are instantly perishable, and •(3) come into existence at the time they are bought and consumed. Products •Good or service that most closely meets the requirements of a particular market or segment and yields enough profit to justify its continued existence •It is: •(1) tangible personal property, •(2) output or result of a fabrication, manufacturing, or production process, and • (3) passes through a distribution channel before being consumed or used. Production •The most important activity of business enterprises is production – •activities undertaken by the business that combine the resources to create products that satisfy customers’ needs and wants •Finished products – products that are ready for customers to buy and use (a) Activity Complete the attached table for a small restaurant that is: open for breakfast lunch and dinner open 7 days a week Activity Undertaken by Business Example Production – creating products Cooking meals Organising natural capital and human resources Marketing products Controlling production – quantity & quality Forecasting sales, expense and profit Distributing goods 1.3 Other functions of business Profit - return or reward for producing products consumers need and want Employment – 80% of public sector jobs Incomes – for owners/shareholders and employees Choice – purchase products at competitive prices Innovation – research and development to improve existing products and create new ones Entrepreneurship – turn ideas and passions into livelihood Wealth creation – activities resulting in higher economic growth and wealth Quality of life – offer products that improve our standard of living Profit Profit is earned when sales revenue is greater than operating expenses. Profit is what remains after all business expenses have been deducted from sales revenue. Profit is the property of owners hence is regarded as the return or reward. Profit & Risk – the Relationship Profits encourage risk taking . There are 2 key risks owners can not be certain anyone will buy what he or she plans to sell consumers can also change their preference and purchase a competitors product. If a business fails owners: are not paid, and can lose all or part of the money they put into it. Must Remember!!!!! Easy Profit Calculation Sales Revenue – Operating expenses = Profit Or Operating Expenses + Profit = Sales Revenue (depends on how you want to look at it) (a) Activity 1. Sally's pet shop has expenses of $2000 per week and earned $3500 in revenue. Is there a profit, if yes how much? 2. Bens gardening supplies has a revenue of $6000 each week for a month. Expenses are $7000 week 1, $8000 week 2 & 3 and $3000 for week 4. Is there a profit, if yes how much? 3. Harry’s hairdressing has expenses of $2500 each month and earns $2000 in revenue each week. Is there a profit, if yes how much? Employment To purchase products consumers need money which they earn by working at jobs provided by businesses. The number of employees hired depends on the nature of products and the number of customers wishing to purchase the product. The SME sector accounts for 50% of non-government sector employment. Incomes Income is money received by a business for providing his or her labour, or a business from a return on its investments. Employees provide labour in return for either: Wages – money received usually on a weekly basis for services provided to an employer. Salary – a fixed amount of money paid fortnightly or monthly to a permanent employee. Shareholders, people who are part owners of a private or public company, receive a share of the company’s profit as a dividend. Businesses satisfying the demands of consumers experience increased sales and thus can offer higher income to employees, business owners and shareholders. Choice Choice is the act of selecting among alternatives. Consumers have freedom of choice so can shop around and select from a range of competitors’ products which can be a double edged sword. Why? Innovation Innovation – an improvement on something already established. Invention – the development of something new. Music for example has been the subject of innovation and invention. Innovation and invention results in improved efficiency and increased productivity. First phonograph 1877 Thomas Edison. Music recorded on cylinders. 1920s discs 1930s and 1940s tape recording 1982 compact discs 1990s digital recording using the internet, iPods and USB flash drives http://teachingtreasures.com.au/technology-enterprise.htm Entrepreneurship and risk A entrepreneur is someone who starts, operates and assumes the risk of a business venture in the hope of making a profit. Entrepreneurs explore untapped markets with no track record of proven consumer demand or guaranteed returns. Gordon Merchant the founder of Billabong is a successful Australian entrepreneur. Wealth Creation Quality of life Quality of life refers to the overall wellbeing of an individual combining material and non-material benefits. For example individuals require leisure time for hobbies and recreation. Non-material products including fresh air, clean water, unpolluted earth, conservation of wildlife and protection from toxic sources improve an individuals quality of life.