Mitosis and Heredity Review 1. As you become an adult, the cells in you body A. keep dividing B. stop dividing C. grow bigger D. can’t repair themselves A 2. How do cells share genetic material? A. Their chromatids join. B. They go through telophase. C. They divide. D. They become specialized. C 3. The cell cycle begins with A. cytokinesis B. interphase C. mitosis D. metaphase B 4. The cell cycle ends with A. cytokenesis B. Interphase C. metaphase D. prophase A 5. How does a cell prepare for mitosis? A. It goes through cytoKinesis. B. It forms new chromosomes. C. It rests during interphase. D. It makes exact copies of its DNA. D 6. A cell grows and carries out life functions in A. telephase B. prophase C. anaphase D. interphase D 7. What process completes division in a plant cell? A. A cell plate grows between the two new nuclei. B. A fiber ring forms in the center of the dividing cell. C. The cell membrane is pinched inward. D. Chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell. A 8. Bread yeast reproduce by developing tiny extensions on their bodies. This is an example of A. budding B. binary fission C. regeneration D. sexual reproduction A 9. The offspring produce by asexual reproduction A. are genetically identical to their parents B. are genetically different from their parents A C. have half as much DNA as their parents D. get half of their DNA from each parent 10. Many offspring can be produced very quickly A. during a single cell cycle D B. through the formation of chromosomes C. when two parent cells produce one offspring D. through asexual reproduction 11. Which of the following is true of all cells? B A. All cells have DNA in their nucleus B. All cells come from existing cells. C. All cells are specialized. D. All cells reproduce by budding 12. A cell produces two genetically identical daughter cells when it A. condenses DNA B. make proteins C. undergoes mitosis D. enters interphase C 13. Most multicellular organisms grow and develop because their cells A. grow smaller with age B. become specialized at birth C. divide during interphase D. continue to divide D 14. Which of the following correctly sequences the steps in the cell cycle? A. cytokinesis, mitosis, interphase B. telophase, anaphase, metaphase, prophase C. interphase, mitosis, cytokinesis D. prophase, anaphase, metaphase, C telophase 15. Cells prepare for cell division during A. interphase by duplicating their DNA B. mitosis by dividing their DNA C. Anaphase by condensing their DNA D. telophase by splitting their DNA A 16. What happens during mitosis A. chromosomes line up in the center of the cell. B. Cytokinesis takes place. C. A cell completes one entire cell cycle. A D. The cell nucleus makes two copies of DNA 17. After mitosis, the number of chromosomes in a daughter cell is A. half the number in the parent cell B. one-quater the number in the parent cell C. twice the number in the parent cell D. the same as the number in the parent cell D 18. Asexual reproduction in most organisms involves A. mitosis by two parents B. mitosis by one parent C. binary fission by both parents D. regeneration by one parent B 19. Your genes are inherited from your A. parents B. allelles C. gametes D. offspring A 20. Various forms of the same gene are called A. chromosomes B. alleles C. homologs D. genotypes B 21. An animal has an allele for white fur, but its fur is black. The allele for white fur is A. dominant B. incomplete C. not hereditary D. recessive D 22. Your eye color is a(n) A. allele B. homolog C. phenotype D. genotype C 23. The way in which parents’ alleles might combine in their offspring can be shown in a A. phenotype D B. genotype C. coin toss D. Punnett square 24. In a plant, tall (D) is the dominant allele. Short (d) is the recessive allele. Which genotype would a short offspring have? A. dD B. dd C. Dd D. DD B 25. DNA is always copied before the process of cell division called A. mitosis B. meiosis C. sexual reproduction D. fertilization A 26. Each box in a Punnett square shows A. One possible allele from one parent B. one possible allele from each parent C. two possible alleles from one parent D. two possible alleles from each parent B Answers by question # - not slide # • 1. A, 2. C, 3. B., 4. A, 5. D, 6. D, 7. A, 8. A, 9. A, 10. D, 11. B, 12. C, 13. D, 14. C, 15. A, 16. a, 17. d, 18. b, 19. a, 20. b, 21. d, 22. c, 23. d, 24. b, 25. a, 26. b.