Traditional Games-Kailash(1)

Traditional games
Indians are talented not only in literature, art, architecture
but also in sports. There are many traditional games played
in Tamil Nadu some of them are :
Outdoor games:
 Kabbadi
 Jallikattu
 Uriyadi
 Gilli-danda
 Nondi
Indoor games:
 Pallanguzhi
 Dhayam
Let us know something interesting about these games…
Jallikattu is based on the
concept of "flight or fight".
The majority of jallikattu
pulikulam breed of cattle.
These cattle are reared in
huge herds numbering in
cowherds tending to them.
It is from these herds that
characteristics and body
conformation are selected
jallikattu bulls.
Though Kabaddi is primarily an Indian game, not much is known about the
origin of this game. There is, however, concrete evidence, that the game is
4,000 years old. It is a team sport, which requires both skill and power, and
combines the characteristics of wrestling and rugby. It was originally meant
to develop self defense, in addition to responses to attack, and reflexes of
counter attack by individuals, and by groups or teams. It is a rather simple
and inexpensive game, and neither requires a massive playing area, nor any
expensive equipment. This explains the popularity of the game in rural India.
Kabaddi is played all over Asia with minor variations
Kabaddi is known by various names viz. Chedugudu or Hu-Tu-Tu in southern
parts of India, Hadudu (Men) and Chu - Kit-Kit (women) in eastern India,
and Kabaddi in northern India.
The sport is also popular in Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Japan and
Types of Kabaddi
In India, Kabaddi is recognised in
three forms:
 Surjeevani
 Gaminee
 Amar
The aim of nondi is to capture maximum number of
squares in the grid by hopping and jumping through the
court in a specific pattern without the feet touching the
lines and without putting a hand down to gain balance. A
small and flat concrete area or a sandy ground would be
ideal to play this game. The grid is drawn on the ground or
on the floor and numbered as shown above the semicircle
on the top with number 9 is Home.
Things Required:
 A coin or a small slate or stone
 Chalk piece or chalk powder
 Flat Ground
 More than 1 player to have fun
It’s having 4 phases
Losing chances :
A player loses her chance at any stage if :
 He/She lands on a box that is captured by the opponents
 The coin is thrown on crossed squares.
 The coin falls out of the grid.
 The coin falls on the lines of the grid.
 The coin slips down off the palm.
Uriyadi – A traditional Pot breaking Game during
temple festivals. Before describing this temple
festival Uriyadi lets know understand history. Lord
Sri Krishna was born in the "Rohini" nakshatram
(Star) on the eighth day of the dark fortnight in
sravana month and every Hindu celebrates the
birthday of Lord Krishna as Janmashtami,
Krishnashtami or Sree Krishna Jayanti festival
with great dedication and joy.
Gilli Danda" is played with two pieces of equipment - a danda,
being a long wooden stick, and a gilli, a small oval-shaped piece of
wood. Standing in a small circle, the player balances the gilli on a
stone in an inclined manner (somewhat like a see-saw) with one
end of the gilli touching the ground while the other end is in the
air. The player then uses the danda to hit the gilli at the raised
end, which flips it into the air. While it is in the air, the player
strikes the gilli, hitting it as far as possible. Having struck the gilli,
the player is required to run and touch a pre-agreed point outside
the circle before the gilli is retrieved by an opponent. This aspect
of the game is similar to runs in cricket or home-runs in baseball.
Pallanguzhi is played on a rectangular board with 2
rows and 7 columns. There are a total of 14 cups
and 146 counters. For the counters in the game,
seeds, shells, small stones are all common for use.
As the game proceeds, each player distributes the
shells over all the pits. The players may capture the
shells, as permitted by the rules of the game. The
rules of capture depend on the variant of the game
played. The game ends when one of the players
captures all the shells, and is declared as a winner.
Dhayam : A board game which can be played by a
minimum of 2 players to maximum of 4 players. Each
player will have 6 coins. The player has to roll the dice
for his turn. When the player gets Dhayam (1) he can
place one of the coins on the board and start the game
Then for any other value he can move his coin on the
board towards the center. The player who gets all
his/her coins to the center of the board is the winner.

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