150218 - FSLC meeting(Final)

Report
South Sudan
Food Security and Livelihoods
Cluster
18th February, 2015
Juba
SOUTH SUDAN
AGENDA
• Monitoring framework /plan for FSL cluster-2015
• Socio Economic reintegration of children released
from the Cobra Faction in the GPAA (UNICEF)
• Emergency Market Mapping Analysis (Mercy Corps)
• Saving lives and building Futures (MAG)
• Information Management tools for 2015.
• AOB
– Update on ICWG Visit to Bentiu
– Working Group Updates
SOUTH SUDAN
Monitoring framework /plan for
FSL cluster-2015
Haile Aberra,
M & R Specialist
FSL Cluster
18 February, 2015
SOUTH SUDAN
Introduction
• Monitoring and reporting the collective results
of a large-scale, multi-agency /cluster
intervention is challenging
• M & R framework, results and log-frame,
Objectives, outcomes and outputs; Standard
and custom indicators
• Mutually reinforcing and complementary, and
avoid overlapping demands
• Knowledge sharing and lessons learnt, to
support improved project implementation and
future decision-making as well as for intercluster information sharing
SOUTH SUDAN
Introduction . . .
• Reporting-not
just
outputs
and
outcomes, but joint analysis to determine
progress towards meeting strategic and
cluster objectives and answer:
“have the FSL cluster partners done
what they committed to do in the
Crisis Response Plan / Cluster
Response Plan, and if not what
should be done to address these
shortcomings”.
SOUTH SUDAN
Scope & Level of monitoring &
reporting
Planning
Monitoring and Reporting
Strategic Response Planning -CRP
Strategic level monitoring, Outcome and
Output results
Cluster planning
Cluster level monitoring
Projects planning
Project level monitoring
AGGREGATION
SOUTH SUDAN
Monitoring and Reporting
Framework
The monitoring and reporting
framework will broadly define what
will be monitored and when, who is
responsible for monitoring and
analysis, how the monitoring
information will be reported, what key
actions will be taken and what
resources are necessary for
successfully applying the framework.
SOUTH SUDAN
M & R Plan for 2015
• CHF only 36 projects / FSL -96
organizations
• 6-10 States, ---- counties and ---- payams
• Methodology: consultation with partner
organizations, review of documents /
reports, random selection of projects
ensuring
representative
types
of
organizations, size of funds, risks levels,
SOUTH SUDAN
M & R Plan for 2015….
• Intensive field monitoring, assistance required
from every member of the cluster; at least
one-two organizations per State, at least one
monitoring field visit per Month
• Discussions with project beneficiaries,
government
authorities,
implementing
partners and other stakeholders, cluster area
coordinators
• Aggregation at the cluster level [results vis-àvis strategy]
• The importance of qualitative data
SOUTH SUDAN
• Thank you!
Questions?
[email protected]
+211921582232
SOUTH SUDAN
Socio Economic reintegration of children released
from the Cobra Faction in the GPAA (UNICEF)
SOUTH SUDAN
Emergency Market Mapping Analysis (Mercy Corps)
SOUTH SUDAN
Emergency Market Mapping and Analysis
(EMMA):
Livestock Off-take and Sorghum Market Systems
Abiemnhom County, Unity, South Sudan
February 2015
Mohamed Ali
Mercy Corps Market and Livelihoods Advisor
[email protected]
CRITICAL MARKET SYSTEMS
• Sorghum
• Cattle off-take
• Goat and Sheep off-take
EMMA Purpose: understand
current and potential markets
system & effects of conflict on
market functionality
Income Gap Analysis
• Household Income: pre crisis: 580-1010 SSP
(103-180 USD).
• Post crisis: drop 30-42% drop in monthly
incomes
• Pre crisis: sorghum production and livestock
rearing.
• Post crisis: households (85%) reported
disruptions in the first planting season
(displacement), and a 40% loss of second
season crop production due to flooding
Income Gap Analysis
• Additionally, loss of livestock due to theft or
cattle raids.
• Pre crisis, hh 35-40% depended on markets of
their and 25-30% from their own production
and 5-25% from other sources.
• Pre crisis livestock sales contributed 30-35% of
financial needs. Post crisis livestock were lost,
moved further away.
• Income sources not diverse: limited to
Ag/livestock supplemented by trading
Sorghum Market Networks, North Unity
State
Southern Unity State and part of the greater
Upper Nile is classified as a sorghum deficit zone
that largely depends on a healthy market supply
Depend: food aid, suplus
from neighboring
counties and imports:
Imports from Sudan
affected by boarder
closure
FEWSNET
Trade networks after crisis
A number of disruptions have occurred:
1. The closure of the Sudanese border.
2. Flooding in 2014.
3. The current conflict
3. resulted
The current
conflict
resulted in the closure of
in the
closure
trade
routes
and reluctance
among the
of trade
routes
and
transporters
reluctance among the
transporters
Sorghum Baseline
Sorghum after crisis
Response Options
Response Option
Advantages
Disadvantages
Feasibility and Timing
Target
business
support
and
strengthening
of
inkages
between
local
markets
and
end/hub
market
actors:
financial
and
infrastructure
nvestment such as cash
transfers
and
capacity
development.
A
good
way
of
laying a
foundation
for
a
longerterm
market-based
approach
in
access
to
inputs,
services
and
infrastructure.
Low
impact
on
household
incomes.
Need
to
address
other
causes
of
supply
constraints such as conflict in
order to get returns.
Feasibility – medium.
Food
voucher
and
unconditional
cash
transfers to the vulnerable
households. This is linked
to
business
support
to
market actors to reduce
risk of inflation (see option
above).
Households will be able to
access
essential
commodities while retailers
will be guaranteed demand.
The support to the market
actors
will
ensure
that
market is functioning well
and cash will not result in
increased prices.
The traders will need to stock
adequate
quantities
of
essential
commodities
–
capacity
of
market
to
replenish may be limited until
larger
traders
and
transporters who fled return.
Cash
injection
can
lead
to
inflation in already disrupted
markets.
Feasibility – high. Can
be implemented within
good time. It is a quick
short-term
intervention.
Address supply constraints
ncluding
addressing
nfrastructure,
informal
ees
and
taxes,
and
opening of the border.
Holds key to addressing the
persistent
supply
chain
deficits in sorghum.
Requires large investment and
political goodwill both locally
(within
the
counties)
and
nationally (in South Sudan and
Sudan).
Low feasibility.
Emergency
vaccination
and animal treatment. This
should
be
conducted
in
collaboration with existing
market actors.
Prevent and mitigate risk of
disease outbreaks following
the disruption of livestock
migration.
Risk of further undermining
the
nascent
private
sector
service
providers
if
the
program is not targeted well
or is designed without private
sector involvement.
Short
term
intervention,
but
can
build foundation for the
development of market
led animal health and
input services.
Provide business support
& facilitate linkages among
ivestock market actors in
the local and end markets
while enhancing bridging
capital
across
the
value
chain to build on success
stories
where
conflicting
communities are bridging
the
ethnic
divisions
to
More feasible once the
conflict
situation
subsides
High impact.
LEGS recommends that
animals be dewormed
and
vaccinated
regularly,
preferably
before the dry season/
drought conditions set
in.
Ease movement of livestock
between
markets,
thus
increasing the trade volume
and off takes.
Needs
investment
in
infrastructure and addressing
of policy and legal issues such
as informal fees and taxes and
proliferation of checkpoints.
Slow,
challenging
and
risk
perceived
as
parallel
governance system that could
be counterproductive.
Medium to long term
with
low
feasibility
especially
for
revising
informal fees, taxes and
checkpoints.
Thank you.
Mohamed Ali
Mercy Corps Market and Livelihoods Advisor
[email protected]
Saving lives and building Futures (MAG)
SOUTH SUDAN
SOUTH SUDAN
Every day, nine people are killed or
suffer horrific injuries because of
landmines and other explosive
weapons.
SOUTH SUDAN
Impact in 2014
918,829m2 of safe land returned
630 hazardous areas cleared
391 new hazardous areas identified
26,156 items of ERW destroyed
1,528 mine risk education sessions
provided to 41,187 beneficiaries
7 out of 10 States benefited from
MAG activities, including Jonglei and
Unity
SOUTH SUDAN
Landmines and ERW
South Sudan
SOUTH SUDAN
SOUTH SUDAN
SOUTH SUDAN
SOUTH SUDAN
EFFECTS OF
CONTAMINATION
SOUTH SUDAN
DEATH AND INJURY
SOUTH SUDAN
PREVENTING ACCESS TO LAND FOR
AGRICULTURE AND INFRASTRUCTURE
DEVELOPMENT
PREVENTING MAXIMUM
PRODUCTIVITY FROM LAND USE
DAMAGE TO ASSETS, INCLUDING
LIVESTOCK
BLOCKING ACCESS TO RESOURCES
AND SERVICES
RESTRICTING FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT
AND SAFE HUMANITARIAN ACCESS
PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT DUE TO
FEELING OF INSECURITY AND
CONSTANT THREAT TO LOVED ONES
SOUTH SUDAN
MAG can contribute to FSL
activities
SOUTH SUDAN
● Joint assessment missions and information sharing to support
response design and preparedness
● Contamination assessment and non-technical survey
- pre-FSL activities
- compound search, operational areas assessment
- local communities and conflict affected areas
● Clearance of land for agriculture, infrastructure development,
and humanitarian access
- Minefields
- Battle areas
- Hazardous areas
● Explosive remnants removal and destruction
● Rapid response (assessment, clearance, MRE)
● Coordinated response with the wider mine action sector
through the Mine Action Sub-Cluster: UNMAS, NPA, DCA, DDG
● Mine Risk Education to FSL staff at country base and field level
● Mine Risk Education to at-risk communities, displaced people,
in public school and health centers
SOUTH SUDAN
MAG Presence as of February 2015
SOUTH SUDAN
Forof
your
safety and
the735
safety
of your
As
January
2015,
hazards
beneficiaries,
please
report
any
items
to MAG
The support
ofinallSouth
is required
to free
remain
open
Sudan
with
and landmines
UNMAS
South Sudan
and ERW
many
more from
waiting
to be identified
SOUTH SUDAN
Please report any items to MAG
and UNMAS at
[email protected]
[email protected]
or call 0920001055
SOUTH SUDAN
Thank You
SOUTH SUDAN
Information Management tools for 2015.
• The online tool.
– http://imtool.foodsecuritycluster.net
– Training Next week.
• 5 Ws to be submitted to OCHA every
month.
SOUTH SUDAN
IRNAs in 2015
1. Kandak, Ayod
2. Nynapol, Ayod
3. Kotdalok, Ayod
4. Kurwai, Canal/ Pigi
5. Menime, Ayod
6. Wai, Ayod
7. Koch, Unity
What have we done so far?
What plans do we have?
Send your information to us by Friday, 20th February
2015
SOUTH SUDAN
AOB
– Update on ICWG Visit to Bentiu
– Working Group Updates
SOUTH SUDAN

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