Stop the Cycle of Nosocomial Infections

Report

Nosocomial Infection
◦ an infection acquired during hospitalization
also called hospital acquired infection
http://www.cdc.gov/HandHygiene/download/hand_hygiene_core.pdf

According to the CDC in 2002, there were
approximately 1.7 MILLION healthcare
acquired infections with 99,000 DEATHS

Not washing hands properly
◦ Handwashing is the number one prevention
measure for the spread of disease

Reports show that healthcare workers wash
their hands about half as often as they
should!
http://www.cdc.gov/HandHygiene/download/hand_hygiene_co
re.pdf

Healthcare workers can get hundreds or
thousands of bacteria on their hands by
doing simple tasks such as:
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pulling patients up in bed
taking a blood pressure or pulse
touching a patient’s hand
rolling patient’s over in bed
touching the patients gown or bed sheets
touching equipment like bedside rails, over-bed
tables and IV pumps

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Many health care workers find
themselves not washing their hands
appropriately
Reasons include:
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Handwashing causes irritation or dryness
Too busy, takes too long
Sinks are inconveniently located
No paper towels or soap
Patient is waiting and they are priority
Short staffed
Hands don’t look dirty
http://www.cdc.gov/HandHygiene/download/hand_hygiene_co
re.pdf

The CDC reports that in 2007 the annual
medical costs of healthcare acquired
infections of U.S. hospitals to be between
$28-45 BILLION dollars
http://www.cdc.gov/HandHygiene/download/hand_hygiene_core.p
df


Wash your hands!
Don’t forget the specifics:
◦ Roll up sleeves, remove watch and/or rings
◦ Wash all surfaces of hands paying close attention to the
fingernails, wash for 15-30 seconds using friction to
maintain a good lather.
◦ Keep wrists lower than elbows and fingertips pointed
downward throughout procedure
◦ Include the area 2-3 inches above the wrist
◦ Keep body away from sink to prevent germs and water
from getting on uniform
◦ Rinse thoroughly!
◦ Turn off faucet using a clean paper towel
◦ Dry hands thoroughly and moisturize
http://www.cdc.gov/HandHygiene/download/hand_hygiene_core.pdf

If hands are not visibly soiled or
contaminated you may use an alcoholbased handrub for routinely cleaning your
hands:
.org
Hand Hygiene Resource Center:
www.handhygiene.org
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Apply alcohol gel or foam to the palm of
one hand, and rub hands together,
covering all surfaces of hands, wrists, and
fingers
Include areas around/under fingernails
Continue rubbing until alcohol dries
It should take at least 10 -15 seconds of
rubbing before your hands feel dry
Hand Hygiene Resource Center:
www.handhygiene.org
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After cleaning your hands several times
with an alcohol-based handrub, if you feel
a “build-up” , wash your hands with soap
and water.
Be sure the alcohol has completely dried
before putting applying gloves.
◦ Before:
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Beginning your shift
Eating/drinking
Patient contact and patient procedures
Handling clean equipment/linens
Donning gloves
Inserting invasive devices
◦ After:
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Hands are visibly soiled
Picking something up off of floor
Contact with patient’s skin
Contact with body fluids or excretions, non intact skin,
or wound dressings
Contact with patient equipment
Contact with dirty equipment/linens
Handling laboratory specimens
Coughing, sneezing or touching own face
Removing gloves
Shift is completed
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Patients already have enough worries when
they come to a healthcare facility.
Take away the extra worry of spreading
infections by just taking the time to wash
your hands.
Protect yourself and your
family.
And wash them often!

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