Chemical Hygiene Plan Review

Report
Chemical Hygiene Plan
Review
Chemical Hygiene Plan
CHP Review Objectives



Reduce chances for lab accidents
Avoid unnecessary exposure
Regulation compliance
General Awareness

Chemical Hygiene Plan

Understanding MSDSs
Overview
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
General Rule and Procedures
Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)
Housekeeping procedures
Choosing Hazardous Chemicals
Labeling, Storage, and Disposal
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)
Protective Clothing Requirements
Emergency Procedures
CHP Review shall occur:


In advance of laboratories
Prior to new tasks involving
hazardous chemicals
Information and Training


General Awareness
Campus Preparation

Locate Chemical Hygiene Plan


Contains specific hazards, SOP’s, potential exposures,
and protective measures
Refer all safety questions to Science Lab
Director

Employee Review Record – Maintained on file
Purpose and Policy

Purpose:



Ensure that the hazards are evaluated
Convey information to lab supervisors
Policy:


Employees are entitled to a safe and
healthy place to work, and
Have a right to know what you may be
exposed to and how to protect yourself
Responsibilities




Develop and implement a written Chemical
Hygiene Plan (CHP)
Inventory all hazardous materials in
Department and acquire all related Material
Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)
Identify hazards by labeling chemicals
Train employees on physical and health
hazards and protective measures
Employee Responsibilities
o Follow all procedures and policies relating to
chemicals and follow appropriate laboratory
procedures and rules as outlined in the CHP
o Refrain from lab operations without proper
preparation
o Seek out and request information
o Wear appropriate protective equipment
o Report accidents and near-misses
immediately, even minor injuries or
exposures to the Lab Director
Administrative Controls

Chemical Hygiene
Coordinator Duty assignment


Science Lab Director
Ensure lab supervisors know
their responsibilities under
the Chemical Hygiene Plan
Operational Controls

Basic Standard Operating
Procedures

Information Dissemination and
Inspections
Basic Standard Operating Procedures

Rules and procedures






Safety Rules and guidelines
Chemical procurement, storage and
inventory procedures
Spill and accident procedures
Personal protection apparel and equipment
Information dissemination, documentation
Emergency response
Specific Standard Operating Procedures



Included and specific to each
lab procedure
No required format or delivery
Required content:




Hazard controls
Personal protective equipment
Health & safety information
Decontamination & waste disposal
procedures
Engineering Controls

Fume Hoods

Biosafety Cabinets

Less hazardous
Substitution
“Other” Control Measures

Protective Equipment


Safety Equipment


Respirators, goggles, gloves, lab coats
Safety showers, eyewashes, fire extinguishers,
first aid kits,
Laboratory Maintenance and
Inspection

Safety inspections, fume hood condition,
chemical storage, spill kits, etc.
Exposure Assessments

Policy on monitoring



Signs or symptoms of
overexposure
You suspect exposure limits
have been exceeded
Determined & carried out by
First Responders
Regulated Waste Management

Wastes Considered

Non-Hazardous

Listed/Hazardous

Medical Waste

Universal
Hazardous Chemical Inventories
An inventory of
chemicals on hand is
required.
Hazardous Chemicals Locations On
Campus May Include:
Hazardous Chemicals In Laboratories
May Consist Of:







Corrosives - Nitric Acid
Oxidizers - Silver Nitrate
General Organic
Compounds - Aniline
Caustics - Calcium Oxide
Reactive Metals - Sodium
Explosive Anhydrides and
Anhydrous Compounds Sodium Peroxide
Ketones - Acetone





Poisons - Potassium
Cyanide
General Inorganic
Compounds - Calcium
Carbide
Flammable Metals Magnesium
Flammables - Ethanol,
Butanol, Ethyl Ether
Carcinogens Formaldehyde
Hazard Communication

Color coded system
Labels - Basics

Identity of the hazardous chemical(s)


chemical label is your primary source of
information regarding the product.
Appropriate hazard warnings
Labels & Other Information








Appropriate personal protective equipment
Signal word - Danger!, Warning!, or Caution!
Statement of hazard
Instructions in case of contact or exposure
First-Aid or antidote
Instructions in case of fire, spill, or leak
Instructions for container handling and storage
Never remove label, and if transferred to a secondary
container, label the bottle (not the lid) with
appropriate information - chemical name, etc.
HMIS Label - Example Secondary
Labeling System
Labels- Symbols and Pictures
Material Safety Data Sheets
(MSDS’s)




Chemical document put out by
manufacturer detailing
physical and health hazards
One for every hazardous
chemical on campus
Master file located in Lab
Directors office
Review before working with
any chemical
Information on MSDSs




Identity and date of
preparation
Manufacturer’s name,
address, and telephone
number
Hazardous ingredients
Physical and chemical
properties - flash pt.,
appearance and odor,
etc.
Information on MSDSs






Control measures
Physical hazards
Routes of entry into
body
Acute and chronic
health effects
Carcinogenicity
Handling and
storage precautions
Chemical Sensitivities



Some hazardous chemicals
are used
Immune responses and
sensitivities can vary among
individuals
Low-dose exposures over
longer periods of time can
alter function of immune
system
Chemical Sensitivities



Effects may develop
slowly
Symptoms may include
Multiple Chemical
Sensitivities, Contact
Dermatitis
Examples include –
nickel compounds,
amines, epoxides, some
organic solvents
Protective Measures

Routes of entry




Inhalation
Ingestion
Skin or eye contact, and/or absorption
Exposure = Dose x Duration
Protective Measures

Avoid Inhalation



Use proper ventilation
(Fume Hood)
Use respiratory
protection (Respirator)
Check MSDS for specific
requirements
Protective Measures

Prevent Ingestion




NO eating, drinking, smoking, or applying
cosmetics in labs
Wash hands frequently
Label everything
Read labels and MSDSs
Protective Measures

Prevent Skin or Eye
Contact


Wear protective equipment
Minimize the area of
exposed skin
Protective Measures - Review

Avoid Inhalation



Use proper ventilation
Use respiratory protection when needed
Prevent Ingestion


No eating, drinking, smoking, or apply
cosmetics in labs
Wash hands frequently
Protective Measures - Review

Prevent Skin or Eye
Contact


Wear protective equipment
Minimize the area of exposed
skin
Handle With Caution

Use cautious approach
Read labels, follow their directions
 Think about consequences
 Treat all substances as if they are
hazardous
 Practice good chemical hygiene

Emergency Procedures
Chemical Spills





Evacuate and call Public Safety at 911
for larger spill (>1-gallon) situations
Treat life threatening injuries
immediately
Contain the spill – refer back to MSDS
Wear protective equipment during
clean-up
Best response is preparation
Emergency Procedures
Personal Contamination




Flush contaminated
area with water
Remove contaminated
clothing
Rinse with water for 15
minutes
Seek medical attention
if irritation persists
Emergency Procedures
Chemical in the Eye(s)




Flush eyeballs and
inner eyelids
Forcibly hold eyes
open
Irrigate for at least
15 minutes
Seek medical
attention
immediately
Summary



You may be exposed to hazardous
chemicals or chemicals products used
on campus
Information is available on labels and
MSDSs
A CHP is in place in your work area to
inform you
Chemical Hygiene Review
Certification Form
By signing below you acknowledge that you are aware of the Chemical Hygiene Plan.
I:

know where the Workplace Chemical List/Chemical Inventory is located and understand its purpose.

know how to interpret labels and MSDSs.

know where the Department MSDSs are located.

understand the protective measures, first aid procedures and emergency procedures necessary for the chemicals I use.

know that the Hazardous Materials Safety Manual is available in the Lab Directors office.

understand that there are special procedures and requirements for managing chemical and hazardous waste and that these
materials must not be poured down the drain or placed in the regular trash.

understand that the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires that laboratory workers be made aware of
the Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP) (29 CFR 1910.1450).
Date
Printed Name
Signature

similar documents